Swelling of the toe: reasons, treatment, to which doctor to handle

Why does my finger swell up? The causes of this pathological condition will be listed below. Also we will tell you about what kind of doctor you need to address in such a phenomenon and what should be done in this case. swollen toe

Basic information

If you have a finger swelling on your leg, then this may indicate the presence of several diseases. However, do not immediately panic, because this phenomenon does not always indicate a major change in the body. Very often this pathological condition is associated with wearing uncomfortable or tight shoes.

To which doctor should I apply?

What should I do if my toe is swollen? First of all, you should contact an experienced doctor. As it can act a few experts. First you need to visit a district therapist. After a survey and examination, the doctor will be able to refer you to a more narrow specialist.

If a person has a bad toe on his leg, he may need a consultation:

  • neurologist;
  • surgeon;
  • endocrinologist;
  • traumatologist;
  • angio-surgeon;
  • forgery.

Why did my thumb swell up? Probable causes of

The cause of this pathology should be identified only by an experienced specialist. As medical practice shows, swelling, pain and reddening of the phalanx on the lower limbs can be associated with the following diseases: aching finger on foot

  • arthrosis;
  • gout;
  • of the Panaritium.

It should also be noted that this phenomenon is often caused by injuries and damage of various types.

To understand how it is necessary to treat a patient, if he has swollen toe, it is necessary to identify the presence of a certain deviation. Let's consider all features of the above diseases in more detail.

Arthrosis of the joints

Swelling and reddened toenail - such symptoms often indicate the development of arthrosis. This is a pathology caused by degenerative-dystrophic disorders in the cartilaginous tissue.

The cause of the development of such a disease may be deformation changes in the lower limbs( for example, flatfoot or asymmetry).In overweight patients, this disease occurs in 58% of cases.

Also cause the development of arthrosis can everyday heavy physical exertion. If the finger is swollen on the foot of the athlete, then this is not surprising. After all, the phalanges of the lower limbs in such people are very often deformed and swell against the background of regular bruises, injuries and strains. hurt one

Thyroid gland diseases and metabolic disorders also become common causes of arthrosis.

Main symptoms of

Arthrosis of the joint of the big toe may manifest itself in different ways. Conditionally the course of this pathology is divided into 3 stages:

  • First - the patient has periodic pain in the foot, which often occur in the evening. They are amplified under increased load.
  • The second - a person has a bad toe on his leg. And these feelings become regular and appear not only in the evening, but also in the daytime. The thumb is noticeably deformed and swollen, and the bone on the leg becomes visible to the naked eye.
  • Third - due to inflammation, the pain syndrome becomes intolerable, and the deformity of the phalanx essentially increases. The big toe goes down, and this contributes to the physical changes of the nearby bones.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis of arthrosis should be performed by a surgeon or rheumatologist. Sometimes a visual examination is sufficient to determine this disease.

Treatment of this disease is complex. To do this, use NSAIDs and observe a diet, and also include in the daily routine of physiotherapy and gymnastics. what to do if the finger is swollen on the leg


If you have a swelling finger on your leg, this may indicate the development of gout. As a rule, such a disease occurs due to disturbed metabolic processes. Most often they are confirmed by men from 45 years old. If gout is not treated on time, then it will completely destroy the phalanx.

With such a disease, the thumb on the leg swells and it hurts a lot. Such feelings are paroxysmal and can last for 5-22 days. After 3 attacks the phalanx begins to gradually break down.

What to remove the pain with a gout, you can apply cold to the affected area.

Treatment of gout

Therapy for this disease is complex. Her course includes magnetotherapy, laser therapy, ultraphonophoresis and electrostatic massage.

Treating a large tumor with a gout is meaningless. Therapy should be carried out only in a specialized hospital.


The frequent cause of swelling and soreness of the big toe becomes a panarithium. This pathological phenomenon can be observed near the nail, on the back side under the epidermis, as well as under the fingernail and next to the okolonogtevym roller. Swollen and flushed on the finger

If you do not take all the appropriate measures in time, then the inflammatory process can easily go to the bone, tendon or joint.

The main symptoms of panaritium may be the following:

  • phalanx strongly swollen;
  • the thumb flushes noticeably;
  • pain is sometimes "twitching";
  • with the passage of time on the finger appears a cyst that is filled with pus and a sour eye.

The cause of the development of panaritium and, as a consequence, of the swelling of the finger, is an inflammatory process that occurs due to infection in the tissue( for example, through burrs, cracks or microenas).

Less often, this disease develops against the background of fungal foot disease.

How to get rid?

If you have swollen toe in the foot due to the development of a panic, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid serious complications that may contribute to the formation of deformities of the foot or gangrene.

Treatment of such an inflammatory process involves surgical opening of the purulent cavity, as well as drainage, taking anti-inflammatory drugs, treating the thumb with local antiseptics and using drugs that strengthen the immune system. swells the toe of the foot

Various injuries and injuries

If the toe is bruised on the foot, very soon it can turn red and swell. In this case, not always such symptoms occur after a strong impact of the lower limb. Sometimes these symptoms arise from inconspicuous daily injuries, which a person may not even suspect.

People who are engaged in manual labor or professional sports, very often experience pain in the area of ​​the big toes. Specialists attribute this to the fact that the load on the lower limbs of athletes is always colossal. In this case, fingers that do not perform the basic support function may simply not cope with it. It is from this that damage occurs in the bones of phalanges, including cracks and fractures. All these pathological phenomena are almost always accompanied by puffiness and localized pain.

Methods of therapy

So what if you hurt your toe? If, after a lapse of time, the place of injury is swollen or reddened, you should immediately consult a traumatologist. The same concerns a symptom such as pain.

To determine the damage to the phalanx, the physician must examine and interview the patient. However, this is not enough to diagnose a dislocation or fracture. For this purpose, the doctor may prescribe an X-ray. Further actions of the specialist should be aimed at immobilization of the injured area( for example, the imposition of gypsum), as well as the appointment of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, the patient can be recommended intake of calcium and B vitamins, which will contribute to the early recovery of the injured joint. swollen thumb

Other causes of edema of the toe

If during the medical examination all of the above causes of puffiness of the toe have been rejected, the doctors prescribe additional methods of research that will allow a more accurate diagnosis.

In addition to arthrosis, gout, panaritium and trauma, the following diseases can contribute to the development of such a pathological condition:

  • Lymphodema - fluid retention associated with the pathology of the lymphatic system, and as a consequence, swelling of the fingers.
  • Venous insufficiency often leads to swelling of the ankles, fingers and shins, as well as cramps and pains in the legs.
  • Splinter in the finger - with swelling, you should carefully check your fingers for a thorn or splinter.
  • Allergic reactions, including insect bites and medications, also cause swelling of the toes.
  • Various infectious processes, including bacterial and fungal infections, often lead to redness, swelling and itching of the toes.

If suspected, contact a qualified doctor immediately.