Analog "ATSTS"( cheaper): choice, description of the drug, reviews
Cough is the main symptom of most colds. It is a reflex act, accompanied by a sharp contraction of the respiratory muscles and the subsequent release of air. The reflex is aimed at eliminating the irritant from the trachea and bronchi. An excruciating cough causes discomfort, so during treatment colds are prescribed antitussive drugs. They not only facilitate the condition, but also improve the sputum production - make the cough productive.
"ACTS" is very popular, which is actively used to treat diseases accompanied by coughing. The drug contains acetylcysteine - it is an active substance. The medicine is produced in the form of tablets, granules, and syrup is suitable for children.
Powder costs 150-200 rubles, and effervescent tablets - 270.
Acetylcysteine affects the secretion of the bronchi and sinuses, severing the bonds formed between the molecules of mucopolysaccharides. This contributes to the dilution of sputum, which improves the clearance of the respiratory tract. Cough while it becomes wet, but it is more easily tolerated by the sick than the painful dry. In the sinuses of the nose, secretion also liquefies. The additional anti-inflammatory effect is explained by the activation of immune cells. The active substance has a high bioavailability, after 2 hours the maximum possible concentration is observed in the blood.
The drug is effective for the treatment of conditions accompanied by increased secretion production. These include respiratory diseases - bronchitis and bronchiolitis, tracheitis, asthma, bronchiectasis. It is also effective for the treatment of sinusitis and exudative otitis. A positive result is observed even when taken for the treatment of cystic fibrosis and laryngitis. Such testimony has this drug and similar medicines - often the analog of "ACTS" is cheaper.
Instruction for use
The drug is administered after a meal. Granules or effervescent tablets should be dissolved in warm water - 100 ml before use. The daily dosage for children over 14 years and adults is 400-600 mg. It should be divided into 2 or 3 admission. For children 6-12 years, 300-400 mg / day are prescribed, and for babies 2-5 years - 200-300 mg / day. The drug is also used to treat children with 10 years of life - 50 mg per day. The dosage is adjusted by the attending physician. Typically, the treatment is carried out for 7 days, but sometimes the rate is increased.
Side effect of
The drug has a small number of side effects."ATSTS" can cause nausea, vomiting and heartburn. From the side of the nervous system, noise in the ears and headache are possible. In addition, there are cases of increased blood pressure after the application of the drug.
The medicine "ACTS" can be used by adults and children. In which cases is it not worth it? The drug is contraindicated, if any:
- allergy to components and intolerance to fructose;
- pulmonary hemorrhage;
- peptic ulcer;
- severe renal and hepatic impairment.
It is not recommended to use "ATSTS" during pregnancy and breastfeeding. At this time, the drug is prescribed only with the permission of a specialist for strict indications.
How to replace the "ATSTS"?
The drug is effective for treating cough. It improves the spitting of the sputum, making the cough productive and less painful. Accelerated clearance of sputum from the respiratory tract is the key to rapid successful treatment. However, many are interested in whether there is an analog "ACTS" cheaper.
The active substance of the drug( ambroxol hydrochloride) promotes the activation of serous cells in the bronchial glands, and also increases the formation of special enzymes responsible for the cleavage of mucopolysaccharides of sputum. The drug is characterized by a pronounced expectorant effect, which makes it a worthy replacement for "ACTS"."Abrol" -tablets are suitable for treating adults and children from the age of 12.As a rule, the doctor prescribes a course of 1 tablet 3 times / day. The effect comes in the first week. In some cases, the treatment is extended to 2 weeks."Abrol" -syrup can be used in childhood due to a more convenient form of release. The drug can be taken from 1 year. The medicine is usually well tolerated by the patients, and the number of side effects is less than that of the "ATSTS".With intolerance, it is possible to develop an allergic reaction in the form of urticaria, which is characterized by skin rashes and itching. This is an indication for the withdrawal of the drug. Dyspepsia is very rare, and there are no complaints from the CNS.Like its counterpart, "Abrol" is not recommended in the first trimester of pregnancy, and in the following - only with the permission of the doctor. The cost of tablets is 100-150 rubles.
"Lazolvan": the price and features of
The drug is a clear or brownish solution that is used orally or for inhalation. The active substance is the same as that of "Abrol".The drug helps increase secretion and increases ciliary activity. It is contraindicated for intolerance, lactation and in the first trimester of pregnancy( 2 and 3 - with caution under the supervision of a doctor).Ambroxol has the ability to penetrate the placental barrier, but direct effects on the fetus have not been proven. However, its use is recommended during this period only on strict indications. The peculiarity of the drug is a side effect, such as a violation of taste perception, but it occurs rarely. The advantage of the drug is the absence of undesirable interactions with drugs. It is able to enhance the penetration of bronchial secretions of amoxicillin, erythromycin and cefuroxin. Increasingly, experts recommend it is Lazolvan. The price for it is 200-220 rubles.
The active substance is acetylcysteine, as well as the "ACTS".The drug is produced in the form of tablets and injections, which allows it to be used parenterally. The drug is administered intramuscularly or intravenously. This provides a significant increase in bioavailability, since the drug penetrates directly into the blood, bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. Due to high tolerance to acetylcysteine, long-term courses of treatment are allowed. Contraindications are identical to "ACTS", and the list of indications is supplemented by pneumonia and cystic fibrosis of the lungs. In effervescent tablets contains aspartame, therefore this form is contraindicated in patients suffering from phenylketonuria. Effervescent tablets are sold at a price of 150-170 rubles, a solution - 120 rubles.
This is a herbal preparation, since it contains polysaccharides from the drug althea. Such an analog of "ATSTS" is cheaper than other drugs. The extract of the medicinal root promotes stimulation of the ciliated epithelium, as a result of which secretion increases and sputum production improves. The drug is not toxic, nor does it have an irritant effect. Do not take the medicine in the presence of allergies, as well as with peptic ulcer and gastritis. Due to the presence of polysaccharides, he is cautiously prescribed to patients with diabetes mellitus."Fluimutsil" or "Mukaltin" are a worthy replacement for "ACTS".The price is 20-30 rubles.
Effective drug based on carbocysteine. The action is based on the activation of sialic transferase, which is an enzyme of goblet cells, concentrated in the bronchial mucosa. Due to the stabilization of sialomucins and the reduction in the number of glycopeptides, the viscosity of the sputum decreases. It is better separated, and the cough becomes less intense. Thanks to the secretion of immunoglobulin A, there is an increase in mucociliary clearance. The peculiarity is that the active substance of the preparation does not have an irritant effect on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract."Mukosol" -sirp is prescribed for pathologies of the broncho-pulmonary system, as well as for sinusitis. Do not use it for allergies, phenylketonuria( if there is aspartate), pregnancy, kidney failure. Also, for children, children younger than 12 years are not eligible for pellets. Carbocysteine often causes such side effects as nausea, epigastric pain and diarrhea. The cost is 150-190 rubles.
Expectorant effect due to depolymerization of mucopolysaccharide molecules. In addition, the drug activates the production of surfactant, which increases the stability of alveolar cells. All this contributes to the protection of the respiratory tract and to the improvement of the rheology of bronchial secretion. The drug is used not only for bronchitis, asthma and bronchiectasis, but also for pneumonia, tuberculosis and emphysema. Contraindications include intolerance, pregnancy and lactation, as well as peptic ulcer. In addition, admission to patients with renal insufficiency and gastric bleeding is not recommended."Bromhexine-Acry" can cause side effects( nausea, headache, dyspepsia).In the presence of an allergic reaction, as a rule, skin rashes occur. Less common are rhinitis and angioedema. The price of tablets is about 150 rubles.
Antitussive drugs can significantly improve the patient's condition and accelerate recovery. For this, acetylcysteine and an analogue of "ATSTS" can be used. It's cheaper to buy analogues, but before that you should consult a doctor. Any intake of medication requires specialist advice.