A cyst on the ovary is, in essence, a bubble with liquid contents. It is located directly inside the organ. The cyst on the ovary can have a different size, several chambers or one. In addition, the study of education reveals a different nature of the contents and histological structure of the capsule. The ovarian cyst is also called cystadenoma.
Some formations are formed against the background of the natural process of ovulation. With the monthly exit from the ovary of the oocyte, the appearance of abnormal cells is often associated with hormonal failure. This cyst on the ovary is quite common. This education is temporary. In the event that the cyst-like structure does not dissolve and does not pass a normal cycle, a functional cyst is formed. As practice shows, such formations develop asymptomatically, and treatment is not required for them. Usually their growth at a certain stage stops, they gradually contract. After two or three menstrual cycles, such cysts, as a rule, disappear without a trace. Such temporary formations are typical for women of reproductive age. In rare cases, they are diagnosed in the climacteric period.
If during the observation the cyst does not decrease in size for several cycles of menstruation, such formation is no longer considered temporary( functional).Of course, there can be no question of his self-liquidation. Such cysts belong to the category of organic formations. In such cases, the cyst is characterized by a highly formed capsule. In this case, the only way to eliminate it is careful surgical excision from a healthy tissue.
The content of organic formations is determined by the type of tissue that lining their inner surface. So, for example, the serous ovarian cyst has a transparent light-straw liquid inside. The surface of the capsule is lined with the corresponding epithelium. It should be noted that this education is of a benign nature. The risk of malignancy is small and is discussed individually in each case. An operation to remove an education is considered a measure sufficient to remove the patient from subsequent observation and treatment.
In order to break the ovarian cyst, certain conditions are necessary, in particular, increased physical activity( exercise or active sexual contact).
A rupture of the formation may be associated with thinning of the follicle walls due to recent inflammation, blood clotting disorder or hormonal failure.
The main symptoms of the condition include sudden sharp pains in the lower abdomen. As a rule, they develop from the side of defeat. However, pains of diffuse, total character, spreading throughout the stomach, are not excluded. When the cyst ruptures on the right, the condition can be confused with appendicitis.
Other symptoms of the condition include a strong tension in the abdomen, as well as a feeling of pressure on the rectum. Later, weakness, cold sweat, dizziness, and vomiting are noted. These signs indicate abundant blood loss, which is an absolute indication for surgical intervention.
The operation is performed by laparoscopy. During the intervention, part of the ovary and the ruptured follicle are removed. Bleeding stops.
With slight bleeding, you can cope with cold on your stomach and bed rest. However, you need to call a doctor.
A ruptured cyst can provoke anemia as a result of heavy blood loss. In the absence of timely assistance, the risk of death is high.