Thyroid. Symptoms, causes and prevention of thyroid disease

In recent years, the issue of the thyroid gland has become increasingly important. Let's take a look at together, what diseases of the thyroid gland exist and how they are treated.

So, let's start with the symptoms by which you can determine that your thyroid gland is failing. If you lose or gain weight for no reason, you become easily irritated and quickly tired, noted the appearance of dry skin and swelling, do not tolerate cold, regularly feel unreasonable weakness and strange trembling, experience sweating and heart palpitations, feel soreness and discomfort in the throat,you experience drowsiness during the day. All this may indicate significant impairment of thyroid function.

Long experience in the work of endocrinologists shows that the faster the patient addressed his problem, the less financial costs and the greater clinical effect can he be helped.

What is the thyroid gland?

This organ is located in the region of the throat in the form of a butterfly, and, in spite of its small size, its tasks are very important. Thyroid hormones, which, in their essence, are biologically active substances, are produced directly by it into the blood, thanks to which the work of the reproductive system, musculoskeletal system, brain, heart and muscles is supported, metabolism in all tissues of the human body is stimulated. Accordingly, failures in the work of this body necessarily entail a violation in the vital activity of the whole organism.

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The thyroid gland plays an important role in carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. With reduced formation of hormones, fat cells in most are converted to cholesterol, which suggests a more rapid development of atherosclerotic signs, primarily in the blood vessels of the brain and heart.

Functions of the thyroid gland, in principle, as well as the functions of each endocrine organ, are directly related to the activity of the whole organism. That is why many other internal organs and, above all, the nervous and cardiac system are susceptible to disturbances and failures in any thyroid gland disease.

What are the causes of thyroid disease?

The lack of iodine in adolescents and children can lead to a delay in physical development. People of all age groups are threatened with a decrease in intelligence and an increase in the thyroid( formation of goiter).But the shortage of iodine during pregnancy is especially dangerous - the deficit of this chemical element in future mothers, in principle, like any disruption of the thyroid endocrine organ, leads to stillbirth, spontaneous miscarriages and even irreversible damage to the fetal brain.

The most effective method of prevention is the use of sea fish, seaweed and seafood, iodized salt, preparations that contain physiological doses of iodine, up to 200 micrograms per day. If you notice that you do not have normal thyroid size, or if you have any problems with this organ, you need to undergo examination with an endocrinologist. Since it is likely that this disease has nothing to do with lack of iodine.

This is stress, and hereditary predisposition to thyroid pathologies, and an increased degree of solar activity. But often the thyroid gland does not work properly because of iodine deficiency, since iodine is an essential trace element for the synthesis of the hormones of this organ. For normal functioning, the thyroid organ needs iodine, as a person in food. Almost throughout the CIS, iodine consumption with water and food is very low.