Diseases of the feet: names, symptoms and methods of treatment
Diseases of the legs can be very different, and many of them provoke strong pain in the lower limbs. Pain causes:
- vascular diseases of the lower limbs;
- inflammatory processes;
- bone tumors;
- flat feet;
- bone tuberculosis;
- infectious diseases;
- arthritis of the joints;
- neurological diseases;
- diabetic polyneuropathy.
In addition, pain in the legs can provoke many other diseases. In particular, it can be, if there are pathologies in the muscles, joints and bones.
Diseases of the leg joints: features and signs of
Diseases of the legs can be very different, in particular, joint problems. Pathologies occur quite often, namely such as:
Osteoarthritis is a pathology characterized by damage to the articular cartilage and adjacent bones. Most often, it occurs in the lower extremities, as they have to withstand the weight of the whole body, and this is a very large load for damaged joints.
Arthritis is an inflammatory foot disease that can be infectious and non-infectious. Infectious arthritis can occur both as independent pathologies, and in the presence of other diseases.
The main cause of leg disease in this case: hypothermia, the presence of chronic infections, decreased immunity, damage to the skin.
One of the typical diseases of leg joints is gout, characterized by the deposition of salts of uric acid. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue of the toes or feet.
Diseases of the vessels of the legs
Often there are vascular diseases of the legs, which deliver a lot of unpleasant sensations. Such diseases are most often in the elderly. Their essence consists in disturbance of normal microcirculation of blood in blood vessels. This is due to the fact that there is a narrowing or even a complete blockage.
Vascular diseases of the legs can be very different, in particular such as:
- atherosclerosis of the vessels of the legs;
- acute arterial obstruction of the legs;
- varicose veins;
- venous thrombosis.
Diseases of the vessels of the feet require competent therapy, which should be carried out exclusively by an experienced doctor. In addition, it is necessary to prevent and timely treatment of other related diseases and pathologies, since serious complications can occur.
Skin diseases of the legs: their features and course
Quite often, patients have skin diseases of the legs, the most common of which are:
- on the head;
- fungal diseases.
Despite the fact that such diseases do not pose any danger to life, they deliver a lot of unpleasant sensations. In addition, all these pathologies are badly reflected in the appearance of the legs. Such diseases require timely quality treatment, otherwise complications and serious skin damages may occur, which are very difficult to remove and long-term therapy is required.
Fungal diseases of legs and nails
Fungal diseases of the skin of the legs and nails refer to diseases of an infectious nature that are provoked by pathogens.
Mycosis is most common in patients. The primary sign of this disease is a change in the thickness and color of the nails. After a while after infection, itching, redness and flaking may occur. If the fungus is not eliminated in a timely manner, it will spread quickly and take up a significant area of the legs.
Fungal infection occurs with excessive sweating of the feet, especially in closed areas of the skin, if the evaporation of sweat is somewhat difficult. In addition, some diseases can contribute to the emergence of bacteria.
For the formation and growth of fungi requires a moist environment, so increased sweating and wet shoes are considered provoking factors in the occurrence of such diseases.
If there are fungal diseases of the legs, the treatment consists of two stages - preparatory and basic. The preparatory stage involves the removal of scales and keratinized skin particles. To do this, apply a variety of techniques and drugs. When carrying out treatment of the fungus, not only the feet, but also the footwear are treated with a special agent.
Psoriatic lesions of the skin of the legs
Psoriasis is very common in patients with psoriasis, a disease in which red scaly patches appear on the skin, covered with silvery scales, causing severe itching. Sometimes psoriasis affects the joints, which leads to the appearance of psoriatic arthritis.
The reasons for the formation of the disease are not yet determined, but there is an assumption that it appears in the case of disturbances in the human immune system. Psoriatic arthritis occurs mainly in older people and affects joints, as well as nails.
In the presence of psoriasis, patients experience periods of exacerbation, as well as remission. Completely get rid of the disease is impossible, but with competent timely treatment can achieve a long remission.
Erysipelas of feet
Erysipelas, whose symptoms and treatment depend on the complexity of the course of the disease, is infectious. The emergence of this disease occurs as a result of the penetration of pathogens. The disease provokes the formation of inflamed areas on the skin and serious intoxication of the body.
Erysipelatous foot inflammation symptoms and treatment may have various, in particular, one can distinguish such signs as:
- increases temperature;
- appears muscular and headache;
- causes weakness, fatigue and chills.
At the initial stage, there may be a feeling of bursting, pain and burning sensation in the legs. In the first few days there is a change in the appearance of the lower extremities. If the leg is swollen and red, you should immediately consult a doctor, as the consequences can be very serious.
Damaged skin areas are bright red, but without injury. Initially, the pain is extremely superficial and occurs only when directly in contact with the damaged area.
If the erysipelas flies in severe form, the upper layer of the skin may peel off, blisters appear that are filled with fluid. After a while, damage to the integrity of the skin begins to become covered with a dense crust.
Treatment of erysipelas is carried out with the use of medications, with the help of folk techniques. Therapy will be much more effective if you adhere to the correct diet.
What can be leg ailments with diabetes
Quite often there is a serious foot disease with diabetes, as this is a very complex disease that provokes a variety of pathologies. This is due to the fact that diabetes mellitus microcirculation significantly slows down, which causes the occurrence of violations in the lower extremities.
When the disease appears on the legs open wounds and ulcers, calluses and corns for a long time do not heal and very much worry. In addition, the patient can be tormented by a strong puffiness, and the skin reddens and even sometimes acquires a bluish tinge.
Diabetes mellitus in many cases is also characterized by freezing limbs. You may experience numbness in your fingers or a slight tingling sensation. There are many different methods and techniques for treating leg ailments with diabetes, but only the doctor should select them, taking into account the main symptoms of the course of the disease.
Diabetic foot: features and characteristics of the disease
Diabetic foot is a pathology that combines many changes and disorders of nerve impulses. Also, this disease is characterized by a deterioration in the recovery processes in the lower limbs.
This is a rather complicated foot disease, the symptoms of which can be pronounced, it all depends on the stage and complexity of the pathology. In particular, in the initial stages of patients may be worried about excessive fatigue of the legs, tingling of the limbs, a feeling of chilliness.
As the disease progresses, there may be deformities of the foot, as well as painful sensations. Elimination of this pathology must begin with the treatment of diabetes. Methods of therapy should be selected by the doctor.
What can be a disease of the toes
A serious threat can be caused by the disease of the toes, as it provokes the appearance of painful sensations and even in some cases the deformation of the foot.
In particular, among pathologies of the toes can be identified arthrosis, arthritis, fungus, a violation of normal nail growth, improper structure and nutrition of blood vessels and joints.
In the presence of such diseases, painful sensations, curvature of the fingers, as well as a violation of the normal state and integrity of the skin may occur. If you do not make timely treatment, this can lead to disability.