Pneumatization of the intestines - what is it and how to treat it? Symptoms of intestinal pneumonia
Pneumatization of the intestines - what is it? The answer to the question should be known to all adults, because this phenomenon is widespread. It is often observed in children, so parents should be especially attentive.
Recently, such a diagnosis is put more and more often. It is only natural that ordinary people want to know the answer to the question: air-bowel - what is it? After all, the ability to determine the pathology in time and seek help affects the duration and effectiveness of treatment.
Nowadays this diagnosis is put almost to every third patient who came to check the digestive tract in the clinic. Once in this situation, first of all, ask the doctors how to restore intestinal peristalsis. This will help avoid complications.
Is intestinal pneumonia dangerous? What does this title hide behind itself? Diagnosis is usually not associated with serious risk. Nevertheless, the present disorders significantly impair the patient's quality of life. The most unpleasant symptoms are diarrhea, gas, bloating. With this disease in the structure of the intestinal wall changes are observed. Often, the affected areas become the place of formation of cavities in which air is accumulated. In addition, there is a risk of cysts.
Pneumatization of the intestines - what is this in perspective?
With progression of pathology and lack of correct treatment over time, the disease covers the lymph nodes. The mesentery suffers, and the lesions penetrate into the abdominal cavity.
It is difficult to predict all the possible consequences and complications of such a seemingly innocuous phenomenon. Science and to this day has not studied exactly what can cause such a pathology of the gastrointestinal tract and what additional negative processes in the body it activates.
Why does increased intestinal pneumonia appear? There are a lot of reasons for medicine, but the most frequent is gastric diseases. And sometimes it's all about infection of the tissues.
Often, the disease is accompanied by spasms, and in some patients they are quite painful. There is a violation of stool in an adult patient.
The disease often manifests itself in very young children. Risk group - children who have had intestinal infectious diseases.
Statistics show that increased intestinal pneumatization in most cases is not diagnosed as an independent disease, but is detected against a background of other pathologies.
Most often, this phenomenon is associated with intestinal obstruction. In the formulation of this particular diagnosis, the patient is assigned an operative intervention, during which accidental pneumatization is detected.
Physicians distinguish two subtypes of the disease:
- common( extensive);
- limited( local).
More common is a limited type, in which the pathological process is localized in the wall of the small intestine. But with the second form of the disease covers the entire intestine.
The most susceptible areas are:
- ileocecal zone.
In both types of diseases, there are changes in the intestinal mucosa that cause the appearance of cysts. Such neoplasms can accumulate in one zone or evenly distributed throughout the intestinal wall.
Causes of the disease
The following causes of the development of this pathology of the digestive tract:
- intestinal obstruction;
- increased pressure in the abdominal cavity;
- impairment of peristalsis and associated increased flatulence;
- infection with intestinal pathogens;
- penetration of air through the wall of the gut;
- sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work;
- dysfunction of intestinal lymphatic capillaries.
Practice shows that the treatment of the disease is not easy, so prevention is much more effective, which helps prevent the development of pathology.
How to suspect something is wrong?
When should I see a doctor and undergo a comprehensive examination? If a person observes elevated flatulence, then this is a serious reason to think about whether everything is in order in the body. As a rule, this symptom appears suddenly, dramatically.
Another obvious manifestation of pathology is constipation. The extent to which it is expressed is determined by the degree of intestinal damage. The role is played also by which part of the digestive tract was under attack.
Because the disorder is characterized by abnormalities such as bloating and gas formation, the walls of the intestine stretch over time, which causes the cramping pain syndrome, rolling in without warning, suddenly. Also, the patient regularly notes the discomfort, unpleasant, even painful sensations in the intestinal region.
To the list of symptoms can be attributed diarrhea. Some patients complain of colic.
Severe cases of
The most difficult situation is the occurrence of intestinal obstruction, conjugated with a cyst in the anus. In some patients, on the background of pathology, the lumen of the intestine overlaps completely.
Another serious scenario is the rupture of the bowel, triggered by increased pressure accumulated inside the gases. In this case, the contents of the intestine are poured into the abdominal cavity, which leads to inflammation.
Not knowing how to restore peristalsis of the intestine, tightening the treatment to the doctor, you can bring yourself to peritonitis. And the treatment of this inflammatory disease is complex and does not always give positive results, even with the timely initiation of therapy.
In the classical version, the doctor studies the symptoms, establishes the characteristics of the clinical picture and conducts palpation of the abdominal cavity. This helps to identify cavities filled with air or cysts. Often new formations stretch along the abdomen, like a rope.
To clarify the diagnosis appoint endoscopy, giving a real idea of the degree of neglect of the process. At an early stage, you can resort to an x-ray.
Methods of treatment
If the diagnosis has shown that there is pneumatization of the intestine, then they practice complex treatment. First of all, they prescribe a special diet, and also identify comorbid diseases. Therapy is aimed at eliminating the primary causes of the disease.
Antibiotics and antiseptics are prescribed in the event that it is possible to detect an intestinal infection. Independently when pneumonia is suspected, it is strictly forbidden to take such medicinal preparations, as this may provoke an aggravation of the situation right up to the need for urgent hospitalization.
When intestinal obstruction is prescribed surgery. When constipation is recommended to use laxatives and monitor the schedule of meals.
The greatest effectiveness shows combining drugs and diet. The patient should remember that a number of popular products are heavily tolerated by the intestines, even in a healthy state - such food should be avoided.
Features of the diet
With increased gas formation, doctors recommend very carefully monitor the diet. In particular, the following products should be excluded completely or almost completely:
All their subspecies, including lentils, are rich in complex proteins, which the body digests with great difficulty. In addition, these products stimulate the formation of gases in the intestine.
Because of the increased concentration of fiber and the abundance of extractive components should be excluded from the daily menu:
For the same reason, it is not recommended to consume kiwi and garlic.
Bloating and gas formation is the result of fermentation processes in the intestine. Therefore, it is worthwhile to avoid such products:
Do not get carried away with raisins, as it also provokes increased fermentation, which turns into a problem in case of intestinal peristalsis.
Meat products should be excluded from their diet:
- goose;Pork meat
Do not abuse mushrooms, as these products are difficult to digest in the stomach and begin to rot before enzymes manage to split them. Also, nutritionists recommend avoiding carbonated drinks and all foods rich in carbohydrates.
And what can I do?
Because of the list of limitations listed above, it may appear that there is nothing at all. In fact, this is not the case - the variety of foods and dishes that are allowed and even recommended for violations of intestinal motility is great.
Cooked porridge from cereals is extremely useful:
Any food before consumption is recommended to either steal or cook. You can put out. But fried there should not be. In food you can eat only those flour products that were made from raw coarse raw materials.
To achieve the most positive effect of the diet, you must eat strictly on schedule. Such a regimen will help normalize the production of gases in the intestine, improve the body. It should be eaten in small portions, but at least six times a day.
Eat slowly, thoroughly chewing all the food. Remember that when talking while eating, a person involuntarily swallows air, which only aggravates the situation. It is recommended to eat every day at the same time.
What drugs help?
When pneumatizing the intestines, antibiotics and some other drugs taken under the doctor's supervision are of benefit. It is important that the doctor constantly monitors the patient's condition in order to avoid additional complications.
Prebiotics are common practice. So it is customary to call drugs that stimulate the growth of colonies of beneficial bacteria in the intestine. Problems with peristalsis are often triggered by a disturbance of the microflora, and such medications give good results. Otherwise, all those particles that do not split under the influence of gastric juice, decompose in the intestine with the formation of gases.
Enzyme preparations are another group of medicines that are in demand for problems with peristalsis. They improve digestion and normalize the process of digestion of foods.
Wonderful results show therapy with choleretic medications. If the disease is associated with spasms, drugs based on drotaverine will come to the rescue. But if the appearance of gases is accompanied by the development of foaming mucus, drugs that contain simethicone will help. The best result can be achieved by combining drug therapy, proper nutrition and control of the work and rest regime.