Treatment of herpes in adults. Herpes zoster: symptoms and treatment in adults. Herpes simplex virus type 6 in adults: treatment
Raising the subject of herpes, you need to pay attention to the fact that infection is fairly common and not always easy to treat. Therefore, both the diagnostic process and the methods of treatment should be approached thoroughly.
What is to be understood as herpes
First of all, it should be noted that this disease is viral and, consequently, manifests itself when the human immune system is significantly weakened. Negative influence on the protective functions of the body can have inflammation of the sexual organs, overheating or hypothermia of the body, unstable physical or mental states.
As for the infection itself, its development is caused by the influence of various viruses, which are combined into a whole family( hyperviruses).Diseases that are a consequence of this pathogen can have different clinical manifestations and are able to affect absolutely different systems or organs. We are talking about the lymphatic system, liver, mucous membrane, skin, CNS, etc.
It is also worth noting the fact that the infection can be in a dormant condition for a long time. Thus, a person can be a carrier of a virus and not even suspect about it. In some cases, from the moment of infection to the visible manifestation of herpes takes more than ten years. It is also important to know that during the transition from a hidden disease to an obvious viral activity, there is a fairly serious symptomatology( encephalitis, common-form forms, etc.).
For this reason, treatment of herpes in adults is not an easy task.
The first type of the virus
At the moment there are more than 100 isolated herpetic viruses. But if you pay attention only to the causative agents of the disease, you can identify 8 key types.
- Herpes first type. This form appears on the mucous lips or nose. The time of infection is, as a rule, from 6 months to 2 years. During this period, the disease does not manifest itself and only in rare cases can it provoke the development of herpes on the lips and stomatitis.
Symptomatic in this case is reduced to rashes on the lips and oral mucosa. In this case, the fact that the external manifestations of the disease have disappeared, does not yet indicate a complete recovery.
The second type of
This virus is also defined as genital, because it affects mostly the genital organs. As a rule, they become infected during puberty. At the same time, there are no visible manifestations of infection, since the pathogen moves to the nerve plexuses located nearby( spinal sacral ganglia in the lumbar region).
The third type of
. The third type of virus can be defined as a shroud. It leads to the development of chicken pox in children aged 10 to 14 years. Symptomatics in this case is practically always the same: before you notice a spot, gradually turning into a papule. As a result, a crust forms on the body. If the virus manifests itself at the age of 35 years and older, it affects the spinal and cranial nerves. Therefore, the treatment of herpes in adults in this state should be done correctly and without delay, otherwise serious complications are possible.
Fourth type virus
The fourth type. This type of infection has another name - the Epstein-Barr virus. Such herpes leads to the emergence of a syndrome of chronic as well as infectious mononucleosis. Moreover, it is capable of provoking certain malignant neoplasms.
After the moment of infection, the pathogen multiplies in the lymph nodes, the mucous membrane of the pharynx and the nasal cavity. In other organs and tissues, it penetrates through the lymph and bloodstream, resulting in new foci of inflammation.
Fifth type of
Cytomegalovirus is capable of provoking various types of lesions. The fact, how much they will be expressed, largely depends on the state of the immune system. Therefore, when there is such herpes in the body, treatment in adults should mean the restoration of protective resources.
The most serious consequences occur when infection occurs in those with immunodeficiency, or when the fetus is infected during pregnancy. In this case, after the birth of a child, the fact of intrauterine infection virtually does not make itself felt.
Herpes simplex type
In this case, the disease can be divided into a primary infection infection and a neurovirulent virus that can lead to the development of neuroinflammatory group diseases.
Seventh type of virus
This type of infection often causes the development of chronic fatigue syndrome. Like other forms, the virus can still be present in the body from the childhood and manifest itself already in adulthood because of the weakened immune system. This infection affects the lymphocytes.
In this case, the infection is defined as HHV-8 and leads to the onset of Kaposi's sarcoma. It is a vascular multifocal tumor of malignant etiology, which has 4 forms:
In most cases, this type of virus is active in those who are HIV-infected.
virus spreads A similar infection can be transmitted by airborne and by oral route, and during any contact with an infected person. It is also worth considering the possibility of infection in the process of organ transplantation.
It is important to know about the significant thermal resistance of the virus, which allows it to withstand temperatures of up to + 50-52 ° C.On cotton wool and gauze, the infection can survive for 6 hours, on the tree - 3 hours, and in the case of metal surfaces - 2 hours.
A type 6 herpes simplex virus is common in adults. Treatment of it requires the participation of qualified specialists. Nests such a kind of infection in the salivary glands and nasopharynx. In a latent form, the virus is in monocytes.
Possible consequences of infection with the
virus Treatment of type 6 herpes in adults can often go by the algorithm of influencing such diseases as chronic fatigue, necrotic histiocytic lymphadenitis, infectious mononucleosis, etc. This is explained by the fact that this type of herpes in the primary form is very similar to thesedisease.
It should be noted that in adults, the manifestation of primary forms of herpes simplex type 6 can be observed extremely rarely, since in most cases the infection itself occurs in the age range from 4 months to 4 years.
When the virus turns into a persistent form, the following diseases may develop:
- lymphoproliferative diseases;
- optic neuritis;
- multiple sclerosis;
- malignant lymphomas.
Quite often this type of herpes is not defined as a separate disease. In most cases, it is given the status of an infection, which complicates the course of other diseases, which are based on harmful bacteria and viruses.
Therefore, the treatment of herpes in adults is associated with exposure to other diseases. Diagnosis of this infection can be done with a polymerase chain reaction.
Diagnosis of type 6
Special attention should be paid to a problem such as herpes simplex type 6 in adults. Symptoms, treatment and prevention of this form - all this is an actual topic, because this type of virus is often enough in representatives of adulthood.
In order to confirm the diagnosis of herpetic infection, the polymerase chain reaction technique is used, as well as the enzyme immunoassay. The essence of the ELISA is reduced to the fact that antibodies to the causative agent of infection are detected. According to the class of these antibodies, it is possible to determine with which infection one has to deal - chronic or primary.
In some cases, a cultural method of diagnosis is used. In this case, we are talking about sowing biological fluids on nutrient media. This allows you to identify and identify the causative agent of the disease.
Symptomatics of type 6
Paying attention to the topic: "Herpes - symptoms and treatment in adults", it is necessary to understand the signs that are manifested in this type of infection( 6th).
First of all, it should be noted that such a virus initially primarily affects T-lymphocytes. This reduces the level of general resistance of the body to the effects of various diseases.
It is important to know that the 6th type of herpes is divided into 2 subtypes: A and B. They belong to the same genus, but they have significant differences in both structure and manifestations.
Type A makes itself felt primarily in people whose immunity is weakened. These can be patients with diagnosed hemoblastoses( tumors, lymphatic and hematopoietic diseases) or HIV infection. This form can be defined as fairly rare.
As for the B-type, it is a common infection and manifests itself in people of any age. With a problem such as herpes, treatment in adults should include preparations in any case, since often one has to deal with quite serious diseases, the appearance of which was provoked by the virus.
As a rule, the symptoms in adults make themselves felt through chronic fatigue syndrome.
In most cases, it begins, as usual ARVI.We are talking about a sharp increase in temperature, nasal congestion, sore throat and a slight increase in lymph nodes located side by side.
Similar symptoms are supplemented by severe fatigue and considerable muscle weakness, which make the patient virtually incapacitated. Perhaps the manifestation of musculo-articular pain in various parts of the limbs.
If the A-virus of herpes manifests in adults, treatment will involve overcoming such diseases as malignant tumors of lymph nodes, lymphogranulomatosis, and also infectious mononucleosis. If the patient has been diagnosed with AIDS at the time of active manifestation of herpes, the condition can be significantly aggravated by the infection.
As for multiple sclerosis, which is one of the effects of herpes action, it can be defined as an autoimmune disease. In fact, this is the result of an allergy to human tissues. Such a reaction in the body is triggered by the 6th type of the virus. Although there are other factors that provoke such a state.
The initial signs of multiple sclerosis include a shaky gait, rapid fatigue, a violation of sensitivity and coordination of movements. Such symptoms can occur periodically. The late signs of this disease are reduced to double vision, muscle paresis, limb fatigue, dizziness, speech impairment, swallowing, defecation, urination and reduced visual acuity of one of the eyes. As a result, the patient may be immobilized. The activity of the key functions of the body is minimized.
When the herpesvirus type 6 is manifested in adults, treatment can also be targeted at restoring the central nervous system, a lesion that is possible with this type of infection. There is a violation of the CNS by insomnia, tearfulness, anxiety and irritability.
Herpes: treatment in adults
To treat the virus of type 6, symptomatic treatment is usually enough( actual for primary infection).The use of antiviral drugs in this case will not give the desired effect.
To neutralize the effect of type 6 herpeses of both types( A, B), it makes sense to use "Foscarnet".If you have to deal only with the B-type, then it is worth paying attention to such a drug as "Ganciclovir".
Treatment of herpes in adults with these types of virus includes the use of immunomodulators. These are the following preparations: "Cycloferon", "Amiksin", "Polyoxidonium", "Likopid".
And although in many cases to achieve the effect of complete cure with herpetic reaction of the 6th type is rather difficult, it is necessary to carry out medical measures to prevent serious complications.
Shingles Herpes zoster
As a cause of the development of this disease, it is possible to determine the activation of the herpesvirus type 3 virus. It is this infection that makes treatment of herpes in the mouth in adults urgent, since it affects the oral mucosa and not only.
It should be noted that only those who previously suffered latent or typical form of chicken pox are vulnerable to this disease. In this condition, the central nervous system is affected, as well as the mucous membrane of the mouth and skin.
The following factors can provoke the development of this disease:
- weak immunity, including due to old age;
- strong and stable stresses, as well as negative emotional state;
- transplantation of bone marrow and organs;
- constant lack of sleep and fatigue;
- any external effect that suppresses immunity( HIV, chemotherapy).
Such a topic as herpes zoster( symptoms and treatment in adults) is more than relevant, since there is enough contact for transmission of infection of any type. An airborne pathway for the spread of the virus is also possible. At the first sign of infection, the process of treatment should be started without delay.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
When shingles are activated, it primarily affects the nerves, reaching their very tips. As a result, inflammation can occur on the skin.
In the area of the rash, pain and inflammation in the area of the lymph nodes are fixed. Already within a week, the emerging vesicles begin to burst, they are replaced by sores, which soon become covered with a crust.
With a disease such as herpes zoster, symptoms and treatment in adults can last from 7 to 29 days. To determine the exact type of the disease, primary examination is not enough. For this reason, additional clinical studies are conducted, after which a diagnosis is made and a specific treatment plan is determined.
In order to confirm the result, the result is immunofluoriscent and serological microscopy. In some cases, for analysis, in addition to blood, they can take liquid from the vesicles.
Treatment of herpes zoster
In order to effectively affect this disease, apply both medicamental and folk techniques.
For the purpose of examining and prescribing a course of treatment, one should consult a dermatologist. As a rule, with such a virus as herpes zoster, treatment in adults is focused on the prevention of postherpetic neuralgia, the removal of the pain symptom, the normalization of the trophism of nerve trunks and the overall effect on the pathogen.
To perform these tasks, antiviral drugs such as Bonafont, Metisazone and Acyclovir can be prescribed. A good effect can be given by the use of deoxyribonuclease. This drug is injected intramuscularly, resulting in a rapid arrest of the process.
From the first days of the disease, laser therapy( infrared and helium-neon laser) can and should be used. With obvious signs of intoxication, detoxification therapy is carried out, after which diuretics are prescribed.
Antibiotics are prescribed only if the elements of the rash have become infected, resulting from a disease such as herpes zoster. Treatment in adults( photos will help to better understand the essence of the process) is always a complex influence that neutralizes the impact of various factors.
Treatment of herpes in the throat
This type of viral disease can be defined as rare, since in most cases herpetic vesicles are fixed on the oral mucosa( tongue, cheeks, palate).In the event that herpes was fixed in the throat, treatment in adults should be systematic and thorough, since this type of disease is quite serious.
Given the fact that the use of ointments is hampered by the localization of the vesicles, it is possible to determine the throat rinse as a more relevant method of influencing the disease. Injectable and tablet preparations are also prescribed. To completely neutralize the disease, immunomodulating( "Imudon", "Ribomunil", "Immunal") and antiviral drugs are used.
Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiseptic agents are also used. Possible and treatment through folk techniques( infusions of chamomile, linden and sage, mint with lime blossom, flax seeds, etc.).
As a summary, it should be noted that herpes is too serious a disease to ignore or treat it yourself. In this case, doctors are required.