The pulse rate by age( table).Acceptable metrics
Pulse and blood pressure are vital indicators that directly indicate the state of human health. Since ancient times, healers have diagnosed many diseases, taking as a basis these characteristics.
At present, mankind has enough methods and instruments to determine heart rate( heart rate), but for the first time faced with acute health disorders, everyone can independently determine the frequency of their pulse and compare it with the normal for a given age indicator. In men and women, the pulse rate by age,( the table in the article is confirmed) is almost the same. And already since the age of 16, the normal pulse rate in a healthy person, regardless of gender, is from 60 to 90 beats per minute, depending on the state of excitation.
And now let's examine this topic in more detail.
What is the pulse: definition of
Pulse is the rhythmic oscillations of the vascular walls that result from contractions of the heart muscle. There are places where you can feel the pulse strokes and measure it yourself, but more on that later.
The pulse in an adult, or rather the frequency of its contractions, can be estimated not only by the strength and rhythm of the heartbeat, but also by the state of the vessels in the body.
In addition, a healthy person should have uniform intervals between pulsations. In case of their "chronic" unevenness, one can assume about any violation in the work of the organism, and this need not necessarily concern the work of the heart. For example, this "picture" may indicate a failure in the endocrine glands.
How to measure the pulse?
It is at such moments that it does not hurt to know how to measure the pulse to yourself or another person. Together with this, it will not be superfluous to measure blood pressure, as this will help to add a clearer picture of the state of human health at the moment. For this you can use a manometer.
Methods for measuring heart rate at home
The most common method of determining the pulse: attach 2 fingers to the radial artery located on the back of the wrist. After that, you need to record the time, preferably on the stopwatch and start counting. For more confidence, after you have measured the heart rate on one hand, it is desirable to count on the other.
If you can not feel the pulse in this place, you can try to detect it in the locations of other arteries. For example, you can put your fingers to the shoulder, femoral or carotid artery, located on the side of the neck.
This method is more suitable for measuring the heart rate in a healthy person, because due to inexperience, it is still possible to calculate the number of strokes with errors.
To simplify the implementation of this method, you can calculate the number of strokes in 30 seconds and, accordingly, multiply this figure by two. And then the pulse rate by age( the table will decipher to you the received indicator) will show the result.
If a person knows that he has a cardiovascular disease, then it is necessary to calculate more accurately. Usually, an ECG( electrocardiogram) is performed in the clinic for this purpose.
Pulse rate by age: table for women and men
This table shows the values for healthy people who are at rest at the time of heart rate measurement.
What affects the heart rate
In a resting state, the pulse is considered to be within 60-90 beats per minute.
If, before measuring the pulse, a person was physically stressed, stressed, or simply consumed food, the heart rate is unlikely to be normal. To correctly measure the pulse, the body needs some time to "calm down."It's usually enough to sit down for 5-7 minutes and, if possible, limit yourself in movement.
In addition, the pulse of a woman is always higher by 5-8 units / min, rather than the pulse of a man. But this is a very slight deviation, which again should not be paid attention if the adult does not have health problems.
Pulse rate by age( table): children
With children, things are somewhat different. For a newborn baby, a pulse of 140 beats per minute is the norm, whereas for an adult it is a clear sign of a tachycardia that can also be worn as a temporary functional condition, and can signal a heart disease or adjacent organs.
When the acceleration of the pulse from the normal does not cause concern?
There are a number of cases when the pulse rises for natural reasons:
- During the menopause, each woman undergoes a hormonal background change, which leads to a slight increase in blood pressure in conjunction with an increase in the heart rate. If during a climax a woman does not suffer from shortness of breath, dizziness, no headaches and chest pains, then such changes are not considered pathology. Most often the menopause brings with it pressure spikes that exhaust women enough - tachycardia and arrhythmia can become satellites of this condition. And if it comes to the usual functional increase in the rhythm of the heart by several units, his women practically do not feel.
- Acceleration of heart rate is also observed in pregnant women.
In what cases is the lowered pulse normal?
A reduced heart rate is considered normal during sleep, and also during the first few minutes after waking up.
Also a reduction in heart rate of up to 40 units per minute is considered normal in adults who are constantly engaged in active sports.
In other cases, if the pulse does not return to normal within 5-7 minutes, and this condition is observed repeatedly, you still need to get a doctor's consultation, which is most likely to assign a series of tests to identify the problem.
- Tachycardia is an increase in heart rate.
- Bradycardia is a decrease in heart rate.
Heart rate at pregnancy
At the time when a woman has a new life, the body is responsible for providing it with everything necessary. Now the main task is to transport the necessary amount of oxygen and nutrients through the mother's blood to the future baby. And this means that the heart needs to work "for two."
Pulse during pregnancy in the first trimester can be increased slightly. But at a period of 4-5 months, namely in the second trimester, the pulse of 100 beats per minute in pregnant women is the norm. It was during this period that in the small organism the formation of all the organs and their systems necessary for life already took place and now it needs a full supply of oxygen and nutrients.
And in this period, the future mother increases the volume of blood, and, correspondingly, her circulation increases. The heart works in a strengthened mode, so many women can observe the signs of tachycardia: the heart beats harder, the pulse is 100 beats per minute on average.
Pulse during pregnancy in the third trimester can be in the range of 110-115 strokes. In medical practice, this condition in pregnant women is called physiological tachycardia, which after delivery is itself. A quickened pulse in this situation is not a problem, but a temporary phenomenon inherent in every woman in the situation.
Remember - your health is in your hands! If you find yourself deviating the pulse from the norm, and a similar situation took place more than once, do not delay the trip to a specialist, it's in your best interest!