We are trapped by diseases at every step, because we can not even imagine how many around bacteria and viruses. Sometimes it happens that a normal viral infection can lead to complex abnormalities in the body. Rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, arthrosis and other pathological processes in our body can develop over the years, and sometimes arise dramatically. To confirm or disprove these unpleasant diagnoses, specialists prescribe various tests.
Revmoproby - what is it?
In addition to the aforementioned diseases, rheumatological tests should be done if there are suspicions of the following diseases:
- chronic tonsillitis;
- oncological diseases;
- systemic lupus erythematosus and some others.
And yet, revmoproby - what is it? This blood test, showing the extent and prevalence of an autoimmune reaction, an inflammatory process that affects the joints, tissues and internal organs of the body. The blood test for rheumatological tests can be administered severa
What are the types of rheumatic test?
The results of this study are multifactorial, according to them, experts determine not only one component of the inflammatory process occurring in the body, but they see the most clear picture of the disease. The blood for rheumatic tests is dealt with once, but is divided into several parts in order to conduct various types of this analysis. They are as follows:
- definition of rheumatoid factor;
- detection of antibodies to streptococci;
- study of the level of C-reactive protein;
- determination of plasma protein level;
- analysis of uric acid, creatine, urea, creatinine to determine kidney problems;
- study of the index of circulating immune complexes.
Rheumatoid factor in the analysis results
Rheumatoid factor is a kind of rheumatic test that helps to identify specific antibodies with the help of serodiagnosis( ELISA, RIGA, RIF, RSK).After all, revmoproby - what is it? These are tests that can detect autoimmune diseases in the body. A rheumatoid factor is a protein influenced by viruses and bacteria. Under their influence, immunity perceives protein as a foreign particle. Subsequently, antibodies are rapidly formed in the body, which are revealed in the analysis of rheumatic tests.
Detection in the blood of this factor indicates the occurrence of rheumatoid arthritis. Its values in the blood system also increase during hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis, systemic lupus erythematosus and in the acute course of various inflammation processes. Rheumatoid factor in the blood system is measured in U / ml or IU / ml.
The delivery of a blood test for this factor is necessary for an accurate diagnosis of "rheumatoid arthritis".As a result, rheumatic tests in the blood determine the protein compounds. If the values are much higher than the normal figures, then it is a question of the severe course of arthritis and, possibly, Sjögren's syndrome.
In 10% of cases in the surveyed people, this indicator is within normal limits. Figures can increase due to age-related changes or high levels of fat in the serum, if a person consumes fatty foods. The decrease in the result is associated with an excess of fat particles in the blood or the use of the drug Methyldopa.
Detection of antibodies to streptococcus
The test for rheumatics shows antibodies to streptococci that occur with the slightest interaction with the pathogen. If the serological method shows a positive result, this means that there is a tendency to develop diseases such as: glomerulonephritis, rheumatic disease, scarlet fever, acute angina and many others.
The marker of streptococcal infection is an anti-streptolysin-O protein found in the blood of patients with scarlet fever, myocarditis and meningitis. The microorganism periodically exacerbates rheumatoid arthritis, therefore, it is necessary to take the analysis for rheumatic tests every six months.
Higher antistreptolysin-O values for rheumatism, and for rheumatoid arthritis, values are much lower. Due to these antibodies, these two diseases can be distinguished. The results of future analyzes are influenced by various factors. For example, the increase in the result is affected by food, exercise, skin and liver diseases, increased cholesterol levels. Reduce the values of antibiotic and corticosteroids.
C-reactive protein in the blood
Revmoprobes help to see an increase or decrease in CRP.Thanks to the C-reactive protein, the decomposed products of the disintegrating cells are excreted from the body, and phagocytosis of lymphocytes is stimulated. Most often, the increase in such a protein in the body indicates the diseases of the bone and joints. In the body, the protein lives about six hours. If a person begins to recover, then the protein index falls sharply, and with inflammations, literally within four hours increase.
If this protein fraction is increased in the body, then this indicates the presence of inflammation of any etiology inside the body. A significant sign of an acute inflammatory process is the C-reactive protein. For example, with oncology, rheumatic lesions, it sharply increases.
It is recommended that people with atypical infectious diseases should be tested for rheumatic tests. It is undesirable to give the analysis to those who have had surgery or trauma, because the protein starts to increase due to various external actions. Increase the results of tests and recent surgery, estrogens and contraceptives, smoking. Decreased red blood cells, increased levels of fat molecules in the blood, drugs, contribute to the decline, but the clinical values in these cases are very small.
Revmo tests show an increase in CRP in the blood system for rheumatic diseases, oncology, meningitis, tuberculosis.
Analysis for revmoprobes - what is it? Many people ask this question after the doctor's appointment of this analysis. The main thing is to understand that the research is conducted for the diagnosis of inflammatory diseases and detection of protein, this is called rheumatic tests. The analysis of the analysis also shows the amount of protein fractions.
When there are various infectious diseases, antibodies are formed to them, as a result of which the protein in the blood plasma increases. Consequently, the detection of an increase in the number of globulins may indicate the occurrence of inflammatory diseases in the body. It can also occur due to autoimmune damage.
If the ratio of certain proteins in the blood changes, it allows the specialist to have complete information. Revmoprobes can report a decrease in protein in a pregnant woman breast-feeding, and in smokers. The increase in protein is due to dehydration and a decrease in the amount of fluid in the body.
Revmoproby testifying to a decrease in protein, serve as an occasion for a specialist to suspect liver disease, intestines, infections, heart failure, malignant tumors and even drug overdose. Reduced protein is a consequence of fasting and taking medications( estrogens, contraceptives, hormones).
Why do I need a serological reaction in the analysis?
Serodiagnostics serves for the specific direct detection of viral particles.
Serological reaction is the process of determining an unknown antigen from an already known antibody. In our time, this type of diagnosis is widely used in conventional medicine and forensic examination, since the reliability of the data obtained is very high. From this it follows that the result of the rheumatic test( the norm or pathology) will be accurate.
Serological analysis is basic and is used to determine infections of various etiologies( syphilis, toxoplasma, HIV, hepatitis, mycoplasma and many others).Special training is not required when giving blood, and the reaction is absolutely safe.
What is the purpose of the analysis?
To understand the purpose of the assay, you need to know the answer to the question: "Revmoprobes - what is it?" Revmoprobes are a method of research performed alone or in a comprehensive survey to find inflammation processes. Inflammations can be acute, chronic, autoimmune. The analysis is prescribed for the initial diagnosis, differential diagnosis with similar symptoms, prognosis of the development of the disease, selection and evaluation of the effective method of proper treatment.
How to prepare for the analysis?
Blood test for rheumatic tests is given exclusively on an empty stomach, preferably not for 12 hours. Also in a few hours you should not drink drinks containing caffeine, and juices. Within a few days, stop using drugs, alcohol and tobacco products. For one day to limit physical activity, and 30 minutes before the procedure is to calm down. Revmoprobes in children are performed in exactly the same way, therefore preparation for them is no exception. Before taking the test, you can not do x-rays, as the test will show the wrong result.
Rheumatic tests: norm, table
It is impossible to retain all the values of the above-mentioned factors in your memory, therefore there are reference values of the analyzes, which are printed primarily for doctors, not for patients. For this reason, you should not try to identify any pathology without the verdict of a medical specialist. When the analysis for rheumoprobes is performed, the decoding of certain parameters( rheumatoid, antistreptolysin-O, C-reactive protein, uric acid) is performed according to the established data. For convenience, the values of the norms of the conducted studies are made in the form of a table.
Revumens: norm, table( basic indicators):
|Antistreptolysin-O||Children under 14||0-150 units / mL|
|Rheumatoid factor||Children under 12 years old||& lt;12.5 IU / ml|
|C-reactive protein||Children and adults||0-5 mg / l|
Approximate cost of the study
The test for rheumatological tests, the price of which is within 1000 rubles, not counting blood sampling,appointed often. What is included in this amount? The cost of blood donation for the determination of anti-streptolysin-0 is about 350 rubles, rheumatoid factor is about 300 rubles, and C-reactive protein is also within this amount. The blood sampling from the vein averages 200 rubles. Prices vary depending on the laboratory in which the study is conducted, as well as on its geographical location.