Laxative for children from constipation
Constipation in the child is observed quite often, and this is due to the imperfection of its digestive system. Microflora in a baby is often disrupted, and as a result, there are problems with the process of defecation. You can get rid of them by correcting the daily diet, and if the diet does not give the desired result, then laxatives are used for constipation for children, presented in a wide range.
Indications for use
In case of problems with the defecation process, the use of medications for the treatment of constipation in a child is indicated. Means are selected strictly individually, depending on the age of the baby and the characteristics of his body. Before taking the medicine, you should always consult your doctor.
Special laxatives help to normalize the functioning of the intestines, soften the stool and much more quickly remove them from the body. Since the number of acts of defecation in a child is individual, many parents can not independently determine constipation. In the case of painful sensations when the stool comes out, you need to take certain laxatives.
The absence of the process of defecation for more than a day in infants indicates the presence of constipation.
Form of medicine
The remedy for children from constipation is prescribed strictly individually, depending on the age of the child. Breast pills are not prescribed in a tablet form, so certain forms of medicines are used. There are 3 main forms of laxatives for children, namely:
- rectal suppositories for topical application;
The main component of rectal suppositories is glycerol, the use of which is allowed from birth. The syrup contains lactulose, which has a mild laxative effect. However, it is worth remembering that taking some laxatives can provoke flatulence. Microclysters are considered to be the safest and fastest-acting remedy for a newborn.
For children from year to year, the remedy for constipation is prescribed in the form of syrups, drops and candles. Since the chosen medicine is added to the drink or food, it should have a pleasant taste and not have a pungent odor. It should be borne in mind that some medications can cause discomfort and nausea.
For a child over 6 years of age the form of the drug is absolutely suitable, therefore it is possible to use:
Normalizing the functioning of the intestines will allow the use of enema. With the help of a thoroughly flushed syringe, pure warm water is introduced into the intestine. The most important thing is to accurately calculate the required volume of injected liquid so as not to harm the child.
Laxative funds for newborns
A big problem for parents is constipation in the baby, because at this age it is forbidden to give strong medicines. For this, there are safe laxatives for babies."Glycerol" is available in the form of rectal suppositories containing glycerol. This fast-acting laxative for constipation to the child 1 year old, which has an irritating effect on the walls of the intestine and makes the stools more liquid. This is an effective quick-acting drug. However, it is not recommended for regular use.
The drug "Mikrolaks" is considered to be a complex treatment due to the content of sodium citrate and sorbitol. It helps quickly soften the stool and increases the flow of fluid into the gut.
The remedy for children from constipation "Dufalac" is most often used to treat constipation. It consists of natural dietary fiber. It is worth noting certain features of this drug, namely:
- is not absorbed into the intestinal wall;
- acts as a probiotic;
- does not provoke addiction;
- is approved for long-term use.
The only contraindication to the use of all these drugs are abnormalities of bowel development, as well as pathology.
Laxatives for children from 3 to 7 years old
There are a variety of means for constipation in children 2 years, as for a more adult baby you can use:
- Vaseline oil;
- sorbitol and xylitol;
- preparation "Guttalax".
Conventional petroleum jelly is considered to be the simplest and most reliable means, which facilitates the passage of stools, and is also not absorbed in the body. However, it should be noted that with the use of this drug, side effects may occur.
Sorbitol and xylitol are alcohols that promote water retention in the lumen of the intestine, resulting in softening of stool and their faster elimination.
The preparation "Guttalax" refers to synthetic agents consisting of triarylmethane. The drug works only in the large intestine, while strengthening its peristalsis. Side effects are very rare.
Laxatives for children over 12 years old
Schoolchildren are prescribed a more powerful tool for children from constipation, which helps quickly and effectively cope with the problem. The most popular is the preparation "Senade", which is made on the basis of senna leaves. It helps stimulate the functioning of the intestine. This drug is available in tablet form and is effective 10-12 hours after ingestion. The dosage is 1-2 tablets per night.
The preparation "Regulax" is also made on the basis of Senna, is produced in the form of cubes, made on a fruit basis. Dosage is 0.5 or 1 cube per day. Castor oil is the most common agent for children from constipation. It has a stimulating effect on the musculature of the intestine, increasing the amount of feces. This drug should be taken at 1 tbsp.l.on an empty stomach.
There are many tools for the treatment of constipation, but you need to select them carefully, after consulting with the doctor.
Laxatives for constipation for children are used exclusively for symptomatic therapy. To determine and eliminate the cause of this pathological condition, you need to conduct a comprehensive diagnosis.
To select the most effective and safe drug, you need to consider the principle of the drug and possible contraindications. Depending on the mechanism of impact on the child's body, all drugs for constipation are divided into osmotic and irritating.
In addition, there are funds for constipation for children 3 years old based on probiotics. They have a mild laxative effect, normalize the condition of the microflora of the stomach and intestines. Before using the drugs, you need to take into account the state of the child and the reaction of his body to the components that make up the component.
Osmotic agents are used for symptomatic therapy in children and adults. They have a milder and sparing effect on the body than other groups of medicines. Therefore, their admission to children up to 10 years is allowed.
The effect of osmotic means is to increase the osmotic pressure in the intestine. This is due to the ability of the constituent components to take water from the surrounding tissues, thereby softening the stool masses. They become softer, and the act of defecation is much easier. Basically, such products are available in powder form.
Laxatives-probiotics are classified as safe drugs. They contain nutritional components, which after penetration penetrate into the lower parts of the digestive organs without changing their structure. These drugs contribute to the normalization of bacterial balance and have a positive effect on the intestinal microflora.
Drugs based on probiotics can be used to eliminate problems with faeces of an acute and chronic nature. Since these drugs are not addictive, they are allowed to be used for a long time. In the first few days of taking this medication, side effects can occur in the form of flatulence, but it passes very quickly. The process of defecation is normalized literally 2-3 days after taking the drug.
Probiotics help to stimulate the shrinking of intestinal walls and contribute to the retention of fluid in this organ. This process is due to the action of organic acids. There is only one contraindication to the use of these drugs, namely, the individual intolerance of the constituents of the medication.
Laxative irritant effect
The laxative irritant is characterized by the fact that it contains only plant components. They are considered quite effective, but at the same time they have a number of contraindications and side effects. These drugs are available in the form of tablets, suppositories and drops.
The mechanism of action is to irritate the nerve fibers of the intestinal wall. The reaction to these drugs is increased secretion secretion and a reduction in the smooth muscles of the intestinal walls. As a result, feces are removed much faster and easier.
Various side effects may occur during the administration of these drugs. Frequent and prolonged use of them can lead to loss of sensitivity of nerve endings, which leads to a decrease in the tone of a certain organ. Therefore, sometimes it becomes necessary to apply a greater dosage of the drug.
Due to the large amount of accumulated stool, together with a significant stimulating effect, the child may experience pain and discomfort in the abdomen. This is due to the fact that the feces affect the pain receptors. For the category of irritant drugs, there are a number of specific contraindications, in particular, such as:
- , infants;
- tenderness in the abdomen;
- is an inflammatory process;
- intestinal obstruction;
If the child constantly takes such a remedy, then he may develop a disease, the main signs of which will be a violation of the water-salt balance and the dying of the intestinal nerve tissues.
The most popular means of
The best means of constipation for children is selected strictly individually, taking into account the condition of the baby and its physiological characteristics. Drugs that have a laxative effect, preferably with a specially selected diet.
A good remedy is Dufalac, which contains lactulose syrup, which causes osmotic effects. This drug belongs to probiotics, it allows to normalize the intestinal microflora and the process of defecation. The drug "Dufalac" helps to eliminate dysbacteriosis, as well as constipation. To babies 2 years this medicine is prescribed for 5-10 ml, and take it undiluted or add a little water.
Children are often prescribed "Bisacodyl" candles, as they help very quickly get rid of the problem of constipation. This drug enhances the contraction of the muscles of the intestine and is considered a laxative emergency action. The result is observed literally within an hour after insertion into the rectum of the suppository. However, it is worth remembering that there are certain contraindications to the use of this tool, which include such as:
- children under one year old;
- inflammatory processes;
- intestinal obstruction;
- intestinal spasms.
For the treatment of constipation, a child of 2-7 years is prescribed half the candle once a day. Children aged 7-14 years are assigned 1 candle per day.
A candle with glycerin, which irritate the rectal mucosa, is considered to be a positive agent. This tool refers to emergency techniques. It is prescribed if the use of oral medications does not bring relief. Children under the age of 2 years are prescribed this medicine individually, in exceptional cases.
The preparation "Glycelax" is released in the form of candles, which are injected into the rectum. The composition of the drug is glycerol, which has a laxative effect. After about 1 hour, the defecation process begins.
What drugs are prohibited for the baby?
Any drug used to treat constipation in a child must necessarily be agreed with the treating doctor, examine the composition of the drug and the possible consequences of its use. There are certain medicines that are forbidden for children. First of all, you should not take drugs, which are based on magnesium and sodium salts. They are capable of provoking dehydration and lead to deterioration of the child's well-being.
A diphenol-based agent can cause an allergic reaction and a malfunction of the internal organs. Many side effects can provoke drugs, which include prokinetics. In particular, for the treatment of children it is forbidden to use such means as "Primer", "Ganaton", "Trimedat".
Folk Remedies for Constipation
Many wonder if the child has constipation what to do. Folk remedies for the treatment of the baby are often prescribed. There are many fairly simple and safe recipes to get rid of the existing problem.
Very well help such folk remedies for constipation in children, like sea kale and bran. They need to be added to food or consumed as an independent dish. Solve the problem with the process of defecation allows a remedy prepared from grated leaves of dogrose and sugar. You need to eat 1 tbsp.l.of the mixture 3 times a day.
If there is constipation in a child at 3 years old, folk remedies help soften the stool and improve their excretion. Recommended intake of broths of raisins, dried fruits, tea, cooked from apples and cherries. In order to prevent constipation, cabbage brine and oats jelly are used.
Among folk remedies for constipation in children older than 5 years can be identified senna leaves. To do this, 1 tbsp.l. The grass should be poured with steep boiling water and give a good brew. Take this drug 3 times a day for 1 tbsp.l.
Stool delay can signal serious diseases. That is why, if treatment of constipation in children with folk remedies did not bring the desired result, then you need to contact the doctor to appoint competent adequate therapy.