Urolithiasis - what to look for?
Urolithiasis is a frequently diagnosed urological disease that can be accompanied by a severe course, as well as relapses. Urolithiasis has no age limits, it occurs in both adults and children, often striking in the most active period of life. Since urolithiasis is widespread, the analysis of its course remains one of the important problems of modern medicine, especially, in connection with the tendency to increase this disease.
Why does kidney stone disease occur? Consider the factors of its formation. These include metabolic disorders, infection, features of the development of the genitourinary system, digestive tract diseases, predisposition and provoking the development of a diet. Also, urolithiasis is associated with the conditions of human life, which includes: decreased motor activity, which leads to disruption of metabolic processes, abundance of proteins in the diet, living conditions, profession, genetic characteristics.
The causes of the formation of stones can be factors associated with the physical state of a person: infection or changes in the urinary tract, disorders in the body or kidneys.
More often stones are formed in men, but they are less likely than women to have heavy forms with complex-shaped stones that fill the kidney cavity. Thanks to modern technologies, despite the increase in the incidence, the number of severe forms of the disease has decreased.
In general, a person with nephrolithiasis remarks at once. Symptoms of this disease are revealed first of all by patients who handle complaints to the doctor, as well as on the basis of laboratory, ultrasound and other data. Depending on the state of health, the course of this disease can be, rather secretive, and will be revealed when the body is examined for other diseases.
It is extremely necessary to know the chemical structure of stones not only from the perspective of future therapy, but also from the point of view of choosing options for their removal from the body by a surgical method.
The main basis for the formation of kidney stones is related to the metabolism, in particular, the change in blood composition.
It should be understood that urolithiasis does not develop without factors that contribute to it. These include:
- genetic predisposition;
- chronic diseases of the genitourinary and digestive system;
- abnormal parathyroid function.
- dehydration of the body, due to poisoning or infectious disease.
- lack of vitamins;
- excess in the diet of foods that increase the acidity level of urine.
- constant use of hard water for drinking and cooking.
What are the symptoms of urolithiasis? First, you should pay attention to pain in the lower back. It can be either one-sided or two-sided and pain intensifies during exercise. This is a symptom that speaks of stones. In case the stone falls into the ureter, the pain will be felt in the lower abdomen. Next, renal colic. It is a strong pain in the kidney area, characterized by spontaneity, pain stops when the stone leaves the ureter.
Symptom is also pain when urinating, this is evidence of the presence of stones in the bladder. The patient may feel that the bladder has not emptied, but the jet is interrupted. This syndrome is "pawning", in which urination can continue if the body position is changed. Also, the signal may be the presence of blood in the urine. It can appear as a result of experienced severe pain, and also due to physical exertion. Symptom is also a fever. It must be remembered that the symptoms of urolithiasis are related to the size and type of the stone, its position, and also the nature of the disorders of the urogenital system.