Effective drugs for the treatment of gastritis
Today's modern people are so busy that they have long been accustomed to snacks on the run, fatty, spicy, spicy food, fast food and dry food. For 95% of the population of civilized countries, such a diet does not pass without a trace, and many have stomach problems.
In this article, we will look at how gastritis is treated, drugs for effective treatment, why the therapy should be comprehensive and what purpose and contraindications have the most popular cures for this ailment.
How does a specialist select a medicine for gastritis?
For the treatment of inflammatory processes of the gastric mucosa it is necessary to determine their shape and shape. Varieties of gastritis exists more than a few dozen, each of which requires the appointment of special medications. In this article, you can learn only the general principles of treatment, without taking into account all possible nuances.
Drugs for treatment of gastritis are presented below.
For the treatment of gastritis, an integrated approach is required: as a rule, specialists prescribe to take several drugs of a different orientation. Some are able to remove the main symptoms, others - to protect the mucous membrane from damage, the third - to cope with the main cause of the disease. Only such a complex of drugs will help during the exacerbation of pathology and prevent its development. The variety of drugs and duration of admission for different patients vary significantly.
During an exacerbation, doctors prescribe drugs for the treatment of gastritis, which can eliminate the cause of the condition: antihistamines( in the presence of an allergic reaction), antibacterial drugs( in the presence of infection), adsorbents( in the presence of toxic substances in the stomach).To remove signs of the disease and prevent the development of inflammatory processes, prescribe prokinetics( with nausea and vomiting), analgesics and antispasmodics( with painful sensations), antacids( to reduce damage and protect the mucous membrane) drugs. Symptoms and treatment of gastritis are often interrelated.
With chronic gastritis
In chronic gastritis form, an indicator of gastric acidity is very important for treatment: when the mucous membrane is high, it suffers from a high concentration of hydrochloric acid. Therefore among the prescribed drugs there are inhibitors of the proton pump and antacid, capable of neutralizing and reducing the production of acid, as well as gastroprotectors, which protect all the walls of the stomach wall. Gastritis with a reduced acidity is a much more rare and very dangerous species. To combat it, use gastric juice, enzymes, bismuth preparations and prokinetics. To treat the chronic form of gastritis caused by a dangerous microorganism - Helicobacter pylori( Helicobacter pylori) bacterium, a system consisting of three components is used: antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors and preparations with the basic active substance of the bismuth substrate. This therapy lasts about ten days. For resistant strains of bacteria, auxiliary substances, nitrofuran derivatives, are prescribed. In the treatment of gastritis, the most effective drugs can be purchased at the pharmacy.
Do not forget that only a qualified doctor can recognize the disease and prescribe the right medicines that help in the treatment of gastritis. Self-medication is strictly contraindicated, because it can only significantly worsen the condition. Also, when using drugs for the treatment of gastritis, you should carefully study the instructions, contraindications and possible side effects.
Groups of antacid medicines for the treatment of gastritis
If the inflammatory process of the gastric mucosa is caused by an increased acidity index, then one of the most important directions of gastritis therapy is a decrease in the concentration of hydrochloric acid. To do this, use antacids - drugs that can neutralize some of the stomach acid.
Antacids are divided into two broad categories - nonabsorbable( aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, etc.) and absorbed( for example, sodium carbonate, magnesium oxide).To date, the intake substances are practically not used, because they are able only to temporarily ease the condition, but at the same time aggravate the course of the disease.
Aluminum phosphate, a popular nonabsorbable antacid, can not be used in Alzheimer's disease, with severe impairment of all kidney function, individual intolerance, and hypophosphatemia.
There is, nevertheless, the difference between treating gastritis and effective treatment.
By the mechanism of action of the substance of this group are very similar to antacids, because they are able to reduce the acidity of the stomach, due to the fact that they react with hydrochloric acid. As a result of this reaction, there is a safe gel that envelops the mucous membrane and protects it from damage. Alginates, like antacids, are prescribed for the treatment of gastritis with an increased gastric acidity index.
Sodium alginate is the most outstanding representative of this group of drugs used to combat gastritis. Medicines containing this active substance can not be used in patients under 12 years of age, with hypersensitivity to the components and phenylketonuria.
It is important to understand that only a doctor can select the necessary drugs. Symptoms and treatment of gastritis in adults are of interest to many.
Therapy of gastritis will not have an effective effect if, in addition to taking medication, do not change the diet. If the disease occurs in an acute form, then fasting during the day is allowed, after which it is allowed to eat low-fat, light meals. If the disease occurs in a chronic form, then the diet is prescribed depending on the acidity: at elevated - it is table number 1, with a lowered - table number 2.
What other drugs are known for the treatment of gastritis?
Use of analgesics and antispasmodics for pain relief
Inflammation in the gastric mucosa can often be accompanied by pain. If gastritis is caused by an elevated acidity index, antacid drugs may be taken enough: the pain sensation disappears when the hydrochloric acid is weakened. But if the acidity index is lowered, then the specialist additionally prescribes antispasmodics and analgesics. Treatment of exacerbation of gastritis with drugs can take a long time.
- Spasmolytics are prescribed for spasms, because they are able to exert a relaxing effect on the muscles, thereby reducing and eliminating pain. Very popular drugs of this subgroup are those that contain papaverine or drotaverin hydrochloride. According to some doctors, the first one is used for course treatment, and the second one is effective for exacerbations. These drugs have similar contraindications: they can not be used in patients who have an allergic reaction to components, with renal function impairment( drotaverin also in renal and heart failure), with a kind of heart block - atrioventricular blockade. In addition, papaverine is contraindicated in elderly patients, infants and glaucoma, and drotaverin - with reduced arterial pressure and cardiogenic shock.
- Analgesics are used to relieve pain that is not spastic. For example, metamizole sodium is very popular. This substance, like most analgesics, has a lot of various contraindications: the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding, asthma, leukopenia, anemia, violations of the liver and kidneys, problems with hematopoiesis, individual intolerance of components, etc.
In general, antispasmodics and analgesics in addition toanalgesic effect, can adversely affect the state of the digestive tract, so their use is recommended to combine with gastroprotectors in the treatment of gastritis. Effective treatment with drugs is not without them.
Substances of this group are able to protect the mucous membrane of the stomach by forming a thin layer on its surface. The drugs are prescribed for the treatment of gastritis with high acidity, when the mucous organ is destroyed by hydrochloric acid.
One of the most popular drugs in this group are those containing bismuth subcitrate. They not only protect, but also are able to have antibacterial effect by suppressing the development of Helicobacter pylori bacteria. The course of treatment with bismuth preparations, as a rule, lasts several months.
Drugs with this active substance are contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women, with increased sensitivity to components, as well as with severe renal failure.
We continue to treat the symptoms and treatment of exacerbation of gastritis with drugs.
Antibacterial drugs for the treatment of gastritis and stomach ulcers
If the inflammatory process in the gastric mucosa is caused by the Helicobacter pylori bacteria, then drugs that can kill it are used for treatment. It has already been mentioned above that bismuth preparations show good results in the control of this bacterium. But often enough, antibiotics are also prescribed: for example, amoxicillin trihydrate( a group of penicillins) is very common in the treatment of gastritis. Drugs for the treatment of gastritis in adults can be purchased at any pharmacy.
Like the vast majority of antibiotics, it has a number of significant limitations to use. In particular, it can not be taken by elderly people and children, women during breastfeeding, with pollinosis, asthma, allergic reactions, lymphatic leukemia, some pathologies of the digestive system and a number of other diseases.
Do not forget that antibiotics can not only destroy harmful bacteria, but also useful, which can cause disruption of the bowels. After the course of treatment with amoxicillin is very often prescribed to take probiotics, which can restore the intestinal microflora.
We consider the symptoms and treatment of gastritis in adults. The drugs do not end here.
This group of drugs has an effect on the motility of the digestive tract by accelerating the excretion of food from the stomach. Also they are able to remove the most frequent symptoms of gastritis - a feeling of nausea and vomiting. In general, prokinetics is used to treat gastritis with a decreased acidity.
Popular prokinetics are drugs for the treatment of gastritis of the stomach, containing in its composition domperidone or metoclopramide. Both agents are contraindicated for use in bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal obstruction, some types of tumors and in childhood( from one to five years).
Therapy of such a disease as gastritis requires an integrated approach: most often the doctor prescribes a course that includes about three medicines from the above groups. During treatment it is important not only to overcome the exacerbation of the disease, but also to prevent its consequences: for this the doctor prescribes vitamin complexes and gastroprotectors. For those who want to forget about the painful sensations in the stomach, a cardinal change in the way of life is shown - the exclusion of bad habits and the revision of their diet.
This is what the treatment of gastritis means. Effective treatment with drugs has proven itself.