Today one of the most popular professions in medicine is a general practitioner. Who is this, almost every resident of the countryside knows. The fact is that in the villages most often doctors work in this specialty.
General practitioner: who is this?
The main difference between doctors of this specialty and others is the availability of basic knowledge in each of the sections of medicine. At the same time, they do not require specialized medical assistance.
They should be able to solve relatively simple health problems and prevent the diseases of therapeutic, surgical and gynecological profiles in both adults and children.
Why are general practitioners practicing in rural areas?
It is in villages that you can often meet such a specialist as a general practitioner. Who is this, know all the villagers. The greatest prevalence in this area of general practitioners was due to the economic inefficiency of the construction of full-fledged medical and preventive institutions in each locality and the provision of work in it for a large number of doctors. Much more appropriate from this point of view will be the creation of small outpatient clinics in which a general practitioner( family doctor), a nurse and a nurse will work. Such a set of employees will allow the dispensary to provide full medical assistance to residents of the region attached to it.
For rural areas, far from large centers, the real salvation is a general practitioner. Who knows this, all the inhabitants of the agrarian regions know, because it is to him that they go first. He is able to conduct the simplest manipulations of the surgical and gynecological profile, he is familiar with the therapeutic pathologies of both adults and children.
How is the GP trained?
This specialist should complete an internship on the basis of one or more clinics after the completion of a higher medical institution. He needs to get the skills of therapeutic, surgical, pediatric, and also gynecological profile. As a result of this training, he becomes a specialist with general skills in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of any medical industry.
How is the work of the general practitioner built?
Prevention, diagnosis and treatment are all the main areas within which the general practitioner conducts his professional activities. His work is built primarily on the identification of the population living in its controlled area, the risks of development of certain serious diseases, as well as planned activities aimed at counteracting their formation.
What is necessary for a specialist to work?
The general practitioner's office should be equipped with a number of tools that help to conduct primary diagnostics. This is a phonendoscope, a tonometer, a glucometer, thermometers, spatulas, laryngoscopes, otoscopes, rhinoscopes, ophthalmological and gynecological equipment. In addition, the general practitioner's outpatient clinic should have the simplest surgical instruments.
Ideally, the dispensary can be equipped with a mini-laboratory. It greatly simplifies the work that is conducted by a general practitioner. Those who are experts in this field who do not try to equip their outpatient clinic, constantly have to send patients to regional medical institutions for simple laboratory tests( general blood test, general urine analysis, biochemical blood analysis, etc.).
What services does the general practitioner provide?
The work of this specialist is of great importance for the entire population served. Thanks to him, medical care becomes much closer to people. In the outpatient clinics, simple surgical procedures are performed. In addition, all conditions for injecting( including in the form of droppers) are introduced here. There is necessarily a small bed capacity, which allows to place patients in a day hospital. That is, the patient can turn to the doctor and, if he deems it necessary, be treated without going to the hospital.
In large dispensaries, in addition to the usual specialist, a general dentist can also work.
In the event that a person becomes very ill and he can not visit the doctor on his own, he has the opportunity to call him at home. In this case, most often the specialist of this profile serves such calls after dinner, and the reception in the outpatient clinic leads to him.
Economic feasibility of outpatient clinics
Such institutions and the position of "general practitioner"( who we have already found out) were introduced not only to bring medical assistance closer to the rural population. The point is that this is also economically advantageous. First, there is no need to send a separate therapist, gynecologist, surgeon, ophthalmologist, otorhinolaryngologist and others. With all relatively simple problems the general practitioner will manage. Those who make more serious complaints, or whose state of health causes the doctor's fear, are sent to higher-level healthcare institutions.
Prospects for the development of the profession in the future
Currently, a general practitioner( this who was told above) is not the most common, but very necessary profession. This specialist is in demand in rural areas. At the same time, such a doctor saves significant sums of money for the state, as there is no need to maintain a large healthcare institution in every locality where a large number of doctors work. With many problems the general practitioner will cope on his own. If, however, to interfere with this or that pathology, intervention of narrow specialists is required, the patient will be sent to a medical center of the appropriate profile.
In the future, a general practitioner can be re-registered in a so-called family doctor. This specialist is a doctor who is engaged in the medical care of several families. He perfectly knows each of his patients. A small number of them allows him to get as deeply into the problems of all wards. Family doctors are a very effective way to preserve the health of the population, but the activities of such specialists are possible only in conditions of a sufficiently developed economy. The fact is that the salary of such an employee will consist of deductions from his immediate patients. So the family doctor, if we talk about the ubiquitous activity of such specialists, is still the prospect of the future. In many European countries, the Institute of Family Physicians has existed for a long time and has proved its effectiveness. At the same time, the basis for the activity of such specialists is precisely prevention and early diagnosis of any diseases.
In addition, the prospective profession of the general practitioner is also promising. Mobile complexes are now being created that can significantly expand the capabilities of this doctor in the field of diagnosing certain diseases. It is a question of so-called specialized cars of the general practitioner. This complex includes a small laboratory, as well as a set for carrying out the most important instrumental research.