Clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment of tracheitis
In the cold season, colds are often complicated by the development of tracheitis. Symptoms of this disease are well known to many. The main manifestation of acute tracheitis is the appearance of dry debilitating cough. Cough is particularly troublesome at night and in the morning, as a result of this, a normal night's sleep is disturbed. Then the seizures appear during deep breaths. In the throat and behind the breastbone there is a feeling of scarring, perspiration. Since tracheitis is often accompanied by inflammation of the larynx, the patient's voice changes and becomes hoarse. All these complaints are accompanied by common signs of inflammation - fever, weakness, headache, but basically the patient's condition changes insignificantly.
If there is no treatment for tracheitis, it can spread to large bronchi. As a result, tracheobronchitis develops, which is manifested by a more intense cough, an increase in temperature. A distinctive feature of tracheitis is the absence of changes in the lungs and bronchi with objective methods of examination - percussion and auscultation. The development of tracheobronchitis is accompanied by the appearance in the lungs of dry, and then wet, wheezing. The diagnosis of acute tracheitis is based on the clinical picture and the absence of changes in other respiratory organs. A frequent complication of tracheitis and tracheobronchitis is the spread of inflammation to the lung tissue and the development of bronchopneumonia.
Repeated inflammations of the trachea lead to the development of atrophy or hypertrophy of its mucosa, which is a characteristic manifestation of chronic tracheitis. Patients complain of frequent dry cough, worse at night and in the morning.
Treatment of tracheitis
Treatment of the disease is prescribed depending on the reasons that caused its development. In the presence of a viral infection, the appointment of antiviral drugs - remantadine, amyzon, arbidol. These drugs are most effective in the initial stage of the disease. A good therapeutic effect is observed when taking interferon. In addition to antiviral drugs, symptomatic treatment of tracheitis: thermal procedures, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drugs, inhalation.
Patients with tracheitis can put mustard plasters and warming compresses on the sternum area, make mustard foot baths.
Inhalation tracheitis can be treated with a household inhaler. For inhalations use herbal medicinal herbs with anti-inflammatory and antitussive effect( eucalyptus, chamomile, sage, mother-and-stepmother).In the absence of an inhaler, you can do steam inhalations with the help of improvised means. To do this, you can use a saucepan and a funnel made of heavy paper. A hot broth of medicinal herbs is poured into the pot, after which it is covered with a wide end of the funnel. Through the narrow end of the funnel, the patient breathes hot steam. An even simpler way of carrying out inhalations is to plant the patient over a pot or bowl with a hot broth and cover the head with a towel. Carrying out of inhalations is shown daily once or twice a day.
Treatment of tracheitis in pregnant women does not differ from conventional therapy of this disease, but it is necessary to limit the intake of pharmaceuticals, replacing them with traditional medicine methods. It is especially recommended to exclude the use of drugs in the first trimester of pregnancy, when the fetus is forming.
In the chronic course of the disease, it is necessary to avoid hypothermia, stay in rooms with increased dustiness. In the acute stage, the treatment of chronic tracheitis is performed similarly to the treatment of acute bronchitis.