How to deal with alcohol poisoning? What to do? Signs and symptoms of poisoning
Every person throughout life has to deal with alcoholic beverages once. They accompany human happiness and sorrow. Alcohol is consumed at a birthday party, a wedding, a funeral feast and simply from a bad mood. However, in everything you need to know the measure. Very often a person asks about how to be with alcohol poisoning. What to do in this situation, the article will tell you. You will learn how poisoning manifests itself, in which cases it occurs.
What you need to do with alcohol poisoning, you can learn a little later. To begin with, it is worth saying a few words about the onset of this state. Alcohol intoxication has several classifications - an easy, medium and severe degree. The condition of the victim is determined by concomitant symptoms. Also, the degree of poisoning can be determined by laboratory tests by ascertaining the amount of alcohol in the blood.
Drinking alcoholic beverages often has consequences. In this case, the more the dose is taken, the higher the degree of intoxication. It is worth noting that fun drinks can be different. The lightest are beer, wine, champagne and vermouth. In them, the concentration of ethanol does not exceed 15 percent. More serious consequences are cognac, vodka, tequila, gin and whiskey. Absinthe is one of the strongest beverages.
What should I do if I have alcohol poisoning? It all depends on what you had to face. Intoxication from alcohols can be primary. In this case, you will feel bad immediately after drinking. You can also feel all the delights of the green snake the next morning. This is called a hangover.
Alcohol poisoning has its name for the following reasons. Ethanol after getting into the stomach is very quickly absorbed into the mucous membranes. Through them, it is in the blood. The liver is capable of processing a portion of such poisons. However, its powers are not infinite. When large doses are used, alcohols begin to flow directly into the brain. It is here that the entire nervous system and individual organs are affected. Consider how to determine alcohol poisoning.
Symptoms and signs of intoxication
What to do with alcohol poisoning depends on the severity of the symptoms and the accompanying symptoms. At the very beginning of intoxication, no disturbing symptoms are identified. A person feels euphoric, his problems evaporate. Intoxicated begins to look at everything around him with different eyes. In this situation, the following signs of intoxication are noted:
- dilated pupils;
- redness of the skin;
- categorical loud statements;
- voicing all your thoughts.
Later( after increasing the dose drunk), pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting may occur. With these signs, the body tries to get rid of the poison that enters it. Among the more severe signs of poisoning, the following can be identified:
- decrease in heart rate and pallor;
- loss of consciousness and the release of cold sweat;
- impaired breathing and hearing;
- involuntary urination, defecation and vomiting( unconscious);
- the inability to stand on your feet and clearly formulate your thoughts.
If there is no timely help, the described symptomatology may result in the drunk falling into an alcoholic coma. In this case, irreparable consequences for the brain and nervous system can already be determined.
Symptoms can also be identified in the form of a hangover syndrome. They are determined the next morning after the feast. A person complains of a headache, dry mouth, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. The stomach ceases to perceive food. Everything that gets into the digestive tract is immediately sent back. Often, the pulse rate increases, there is shortness of breath, sweat. The body temperature may rise.
How should alcohol be treated? What if the alcohol was of poor quality? Note that the symptoms of intoxication in this case will be somewhat different. A person after drunk surrogate alcohol almost does not come intoxicated. However, signs of poisoning are clearly visible from the first minutes of the feast. The user may complain of tinnitus, impaired vision and smell. This increases salivation and pain in the abdomen. Any delay in such a situation can lead to a fatal outcome.
If there is a surrogate strong alcohol poisoning, what should I do? Urgently call the emergency room. Home treatment is unacceptable. If there is an opportunity to get to the hospital faster than an ambulance arrives, then do so. The faster the person who uses it is in the hands of doctors, the more favorable the outcome will be. Remember that after a few glasses of surrogate alcohol comes an immediate death.
What should I do if I have alcohol poisoning? Many patients try not to resort to the services of doctors, but to cope with the problem alone. This is possible with mild or moderate intoxication. As a first aid it is necessary to use gastric lavage. It is forbidden to use any medication. Remember that many medications in combination with alcohol cause only a deterioration in well-being.
Give a drinker a large cup of water. The volume of the liquid should be from 300 to 500 ml. After that, induce vomiting. Often it comes on its own, as the body tries to get rid of the poison on its own. Your task - to wash the stomach until it does not come out clean water.
There is an important rule. If the victim is unconscious, you can not force him into water. Also, it is forbidden to provoke vomiting. Call the doctor and wait for the ambulance to arrive. At this time, you can put the patient on his side or try to bring him to consciousness( rub his ears, sprinkle water, give sniffs ammonia).
Replenishment of a lack of fluid
When alcohol is poisoned, what should I do after washing the stomach? It is very important to make up for lack of moisture in the body in time. Alcohols that enter the body cause dehydration. If this process is left without intervention, then the patient's condition may deteriorate greatly. You can drink any liquid. However, the stomach does not always perceive it. For vomiting, use saline solutions. They quickly restore balance in the body.
These drugs include "Regidron", "Hydrovit" and others. If there is no possibility to apply medicinal preparations, then prepare a healing drink yourself. For this per liter of cool water, add a teaspoon of salt and soda. Also stir 4 tablespoons of sugar. Use the solution every half hour for several sips.
Application of sorbents and beneficial bacteria
If there is alcohol poisoning, what to do at home? Be sure to give the consumed sorbent. It can be a preparation "Polysorb", "Smecta", "Enterosgel" and others. They help to remove toxins from the body and eliminate diarrhea. Remember that you need to take these medications separately from other medications. The optimal break is 2 hours.
What to do after alcohol poisoning? Be sure to restore the intestinal microflora. Often the problem is accompanied by diarrhea. Do not stop her. The body thus gets rid of toxins. Take a set of useful bacteria( "Acipol", "Linex", "Enterol").
When alcohol poisoning: what can not be done
If you have to deal with the described condition, then it is worth knowing what methods of treatment should be discarded. Strictly forbidden:
- treat the problem with alcohol( many resort to the opohmelyayuschemu method);
- to visit the bath or bask in the tub;
- take medicines( Furosemide, Paracetamol, Aspirin, antihistamines and hypnotics);
- stop diarrhea with medication.
If alcohol poisoning has occurred, what should be done at home? With a hangover, you can use painkillers since you can not tolerate a headache. Take medication based on ibuprofen.
What actions can be taken yet? What should I do if I get alcohol poisoning at home? Next morning after a feast, take a cool shower, drink plenty of water. Try not to eat until you want to. Go to bed and lie down. Remember that you can not tolerate poisoning on your legs. When the body temperature rises, antipyretic compositions should be used. If after 10-12 hours you do not feel better, consult a specialist.