Bleeding gums and bad breath: causes, treatment

Many probably faced such a problem, when when cleaning teeth suddenly started to bleed gums. This is quite an unpleasant phenomenon, especially if it produces an unpleasant odor from the mouth. Gums can bleed from the impact of a hard toothbrush, but it can also be a signal of serious abnormalities. If you wait until the bleeding goes away, you can easily get such diseases as gingivitis and periodontitis, and after a while and completely lose your teeth. Why do the gums hurt and bleed? What to do in this case? Let's try to figure it out together. bleed gums and bad breath

Causes of bleeding gums

If bleeding gums, the reasons can be as follows:

  • Wrong oral hygiene, which can consist of using a toothbrush with a stiff bristle and too intense cleaning of the teeth. There is a trauma to the gums, and blood appears.
  • Careless care of the oral cavity. Many people do not brush their teeth for more than a minute, which prevents them from completely removing food residues that contribute to the formation of tartar. It can be located above the gum and under it. If the tartar is under the gum, then it begins to move it away from the tooth, causing bleeding.
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  • Diseases of the oral cavity. Diseases such as gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontitis and periodontitis are often accompanied by gingival hemorrhage. Much less often this phenomenon is caused by completely different diseases: ARVI, diabetes mellitus, blood cancer, hemophilia.
  • Some medications. Certain drugs are able to thin the blood, but they have side effects, one of which is bleeding gums. As soon as the patient stops taking them, the gums come back to normal.
  • Defective food. The lack of vitamins B, C, E and K has a very strong effect on gum health.
  • Dental procedures. If the gums bleed as a result of the manipulations, the reasons for this may be poorly installed crowns or substandard dentures that can injure the gums. Rarely, the appearance of blood can occur after cleaning the teeth in a dental clinic.

Vitamins from bleeding gums

Do you bleed gums and bad breath? So know: often these symptoms are haunted by a person whose food is poor for vitamins. Therefore, it is necessary to include in your diet foods rich in nutrients, micro- and macro elements.

Vitamin C helps prevent inflammation and bleeding of the gums and helps to reduce the susceptibility of the oral mucosa to various infections. This vitamin is found in cabbage, citrus, green onions, celery, red pepper, potatoes, kiwi, parsley, currant, spinach, raspberries.

bleeding gums what to do at home

Vitamin B makes the gums and teeth strong, prevents cracks and sores in the oral cavity. It is found in asparagus, garlic, buckwheat porridge, coarse bread, milk, lamb, apples, chicken eggs, oatmeal, almonds, Brussels sprouts, beef.

Vitamin PP interferes with the development of stomatitis and gingivitis. It can be found in products such as beans, yeast, buckwheat, beef liver, pineapple, beetroot.

Vitamin E well heals wounds on the mucosa. They are rich in peas, bread, sprouted wheat, lettuce, corn, vegetable and butter, dairy products, beans, cod.

Vitamin K does not allow bleeding gums. Its a lot in avocado, pumpkin, cabbage, carrots, soy, tomatoes, bananas, spinach, cucumbers, dogrose, dairy products.

If the gums bleed, and bad breath causes discomfort, then the best remedy in this case will be carrot juice. It should be drunk in the morning before eating, and after a few days the gums will become healthier.

What is gingivitis?

The most common gum disease, accompanied by redness and bleeding, is gingivitis, the symptoms and treatment of which we will consider below. It is extremely difficult to get rid of its chronic form. At an early stage, this disease does not cause any trouble, but after a while there is a certain discomfort.

bleeding gum causes

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, which is characterized by redness, bleeding and swelling. His symptoms are: pain when chewing food, itching in the area of ​​inflammation, bad breath. The acute course of the disease is manifested by severe pain and a sharp reddening of the gums. If this is a chronic form, then the symptoms are exacerbated in the fall and spring, but not too much. There is a certain discomfort, but quite tolerable. Bleeding may increase slightly.

How is gingivitis treated?

Symptoms and treatment of this disease can be determined only by a qualified dentist. The fact that the signs of ailment are similar to those accompanying periodontitis, periodontitis and stomatitis, therefore it is not recommended to engage in self-medication. It is much better to allocate time and pay a visit to the clinic.

Gingivitis is treated early on quickly enough. The acute form passes for 10 days. The chronic stage requires a longer treatment. The doctor must necessarily appoint a complex of vitamins to enhance immunity. Also the periodontist can prescribe vitamin injections( "Cyanocobalamin", "Linkomycin") and lidocaine. Vitamins eliminate symptoms, and lidocaine reduces pain.

Sometimes this disease is treated with antibiotics, which are most effective in the acute stage. In addition, they prevent the development of complications.

Also used for treatment are ointments and gels that relieve inflammation and relieve symptoms. Covering the gum with a thin film, they help protect it from temperature and chemical stimuli.

Folk remedies for the treatment of bleeding gums

If the gum is swollen and bleeds, alternative medicine can help. Folk remedies often prescribe dentists as an additional therapy. Many drugs are considered very effective and affordable. Therefore, do not be lazy, it is worthwhile to sort out your home medicine chest, which is sure to find herbs that help in case bleeding gums. What to do at home, how to get rid of the disease?

Use of medicinal herbs

Good in this case helps the decoction of oak. It has an anti-inflammatory and astringent effect. The result is usually seen immediately, but the problem is completely eliminated after only 2 weeks of intensive rinsing.

Chamomile has a wound healing and antimicrobial effect. To prepare the broth, take 2, pour a glass of boiling water and insist 20 minutes. Rinse your mouth twice a day.

Gingivitis Symptoms and Treatment

Another highly effective anti-inflammatory agent is sage. It helps to eliminate swelling and relieve soreness of the gums. To cook the infusion, 2 tbsp.l.herbs are brewed with a glass of boiling water, held for a couple of hours, after which they rinse their mouth. Course - until complete recovery.

Nettle is considered a remarkable hemostatic plant, therefore it is used for intensive bleeding. Brew it in the same way as sage, and apply to rinse twice a day.

Salt and apple cider vinegar

Perfectly stops the blood rinse with salt. To do this, a spoon of sea salt is dissolved in a glass of warm water and rinse the mouth twice a day.

You can use apple cider vinegar instead of salt solution - it promotes the disappearance of bacterial plaque, stops bleeding and reduces inflammation. Vinegar is added to water in the following proportion: 1 tablespoon per 100 g of liquid.

Drugstores to treat bleeding gums

If bleeding gums, what should I do? At home, often used a variety of modern products sold in the pharmacy. These can be toothpastes and gels.

Dental toothpastes specially designed to treat bleeding gums have anti-inflammatory ingredients that reduce the edema of tissues, eliminate their soreness and promote healing. We are talking about such pharmaceutical products as Lakalut Active and Lakalut Phytoformula. The first paste is forbidden to use for a long time - it is used as an "ambulance", and the second is good for the prevention.

antibiotics for inflammation of the gums

If bleeding gums, and bad breath smells a long time, dentists advise paying attention to special gels. They are applied directly to the gum, so that the gel easily penetrates into the tissues. The effect comes very quickly - pain passes, blood stops and swelling is eliminated. The most common remedy is gel "Holisal".

Proper nutrition as a method of treating gums

If bleeding gums during cleaning, you need to eat properly. In the diet must necessarily include fresh vegetables and fruits, additionally should take vitamin C. Very useful are considered complexes containing vitamins B and K. It is best to limit carbohydrates and sweet foods, and after consuming cookies or sweets, it is necessary to brush your teeth.

Use of antibiotics to treat gums

If no remedies help to fix the problem, then antibiotics come to the rescue. With gum disease caused by various microorganisms, the following medicines are used:

  • "Metronidazole".
  • "Lincomycin".
  • "Clindamycin".
  • "Nomycin".
  • "Sifloks".
  • "Tarivid".

bleeding gums when cleaning

Antibiotics for gum disease should only be used as directed by a doctor, categorically prohibited from self-medication. Such drugs are indicated only for the treatment of moderate and severe form of periodontitis. Antibiotics are prescribed immediately or during the removal of tartar.

Preventive measures

If bleeding gums and bad breath prevent normal life, this is certainly a problem. It is better not to bring yourself to such a state, but the following preventive measures will help in this:

  • after eating it is necessary to brush your teeth;
  • is recommended to use a dental floss that gently removes food leftovers between the teeth;
  • menu must necessarily contain raw vegetables and fruits, especially those rich in vitamin C;
  • after cleaning teeth should use a rinse aid, so as not to form tartar;
  • is best to quit smoking;
  • should be visited by a dentist who can notice the disease at an early stage and begin treatment.

Gum is swollen and bleeds


Bleeding gums is quite an unpleasant problem, but it is completely solvable. The main thing is to remove the cause in time, because in neglected cases you can say goodbye to your teeth.