Gastritis hypertrophic: causes, symptoms, treatment
Gastritis in our time is a very common problem. Many factors can contribute to its development, beginning with malnutrition and ending with frequent stressful situations.
There are several types of this disease. In the article we will talk about such ailment as "gastritis hypertrophic", and also consider the causes of its occurrence, symptoms and methods of treatment.
What is hypertrophic gastritis
This is one of the forms of the inflammatory process on the walls of the stomach. As a rule, it is chronic. The main feature of the disease is the formation in the stomach of polyps and cysts, because of which its mucosa grows.
This kind of gastritis becomes more common every year. Treatment of it is quite difficult, so in case of a problem, you should immediately seek help from a specialist.
Types of hypertrophic gastritis
Gastritis hypertrophic can manifest itself in several forms:
- Menetria disease( giant gastritis).A characteristic feature of this form of the disease is the appearance in the stomach of large folds.
- Warty gastritis. During this type of disease in the stomach appear outgrowths, which in appearance look like warts.
- Grainy gastritis. Accompanying the disease formation of cysts of different sizes: from a few millimeters to two centimeters.
- Polyposis gastritis. Already from the name of the species it becomes clear that this form of the disease arises from the formation of polyps in the stomach.
There is such a thing as mixed gastritis, which combines several forms of the disease.
In addition to this classification, there is one more in which the disease( both granular gastritis and its other forms) is divided into chronic and acute. The first one is distinguished by the absence of constant symptoms, and it is only possible to learn about it if there is a remission. Acute gastritis is characterized by a corresponding course and marked symptomatology.
The causes of the disease
There are many factors contributing to the appearance of a disease such as hypertrophic gastritis:
- acidity, which rises in the stomach as a result of eating a large number of spices, spices, spicy foods and certain types of medications;
- infecting the body with a bacterium Helicobacter pylori;
- ingestion of bile in the stomach due to disruptions in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract;
- a disturbed diet, while those at risk are those who constantly overeat, and those who are undernourished or used to eat on the go.
Symptoms of gastritis
As mentioned above, the chronic form of the disease can go completely asymptomatic until the onset of remission. And its first signs can be taken for poisoning or the onset of a cold. The acute form of the disease develops very quickly. The first signs of it can be found after 6-12 hours after the onset of the inflammatory process.
Symptoms of the disease "gastritis hypertrophic":
- nausea and vomiting;
- impaired appetite;
- weight loss;
- appearance of edema;
- periodic occurrence of dull pain in the stomach;
- severity after eating;
- excessive salivation;
- stool disorder;
- general weakness;
- bleeding in the stomach.
If you have the least suspicion, you should immediately consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Diagnosis of the disease
The detection of gastritis and the diagnosis occur in several stages.
First of all - this is a primary inspection. During it, palpation of the abdomen is performed( in the presence of the disease, pain in the epigastric region will be felt), external examination of the skin and mucous membranes, as well as an analysis of the history of the disease.
After gastritis has been identified, the doctor needs to determine its form: acute or chronic. This is done by determining the level of acidity in the stomach, and the procedure itself is called esophagofibrogastroduodenoscopy.
If there is a suspicion that the disease was caused by Helicobacter bacteria, a fecal analysis, as well as a respiratory test and fibrogastroscopy, are prescribed for their detection. The latter is also needed to identify a pathology such as mixed gastritis.
The next step is to prescribe the necessary therapy. Its main components in the diagnosis of gastritis: diet and medical treatment. Let us consider in more detail each of these aspects.
Diet for hypertrophic gastritis
An important part of successfully getting rid of a problem is adherence to a specially developed diet.
When diagnosing gastritis hypertrophic, it is necessary to exclude from their diet:
- meat and fish broths, soups based on them;
- soup, okroshka, cheese and mushroom soups;
- puff pastry and rye bread;
- greasy and fried foods;
- meat and canned fish;
- sharp and salty dishes;
- coffee, kvass and carbonated drinks;
But, despite the limitations, there are many useful dishes and products:
- vegetable soups;
- wheat bread and biscuits;
- boiled lean meat( beef, chicken);
- milk porridge( croup should be strongly boiled);
- eggs soft-boiled;
- scrambled eggs;
- steamed or boiled fish;
- boiled carrots, beets and potatoes;
- dairy products: milk, kefir.butter, sour cream, cottage cheese;
- drinks: compote, tea, kissel. Juices with gastritis can be drunk only in diluted form.
Hypertrophic gastritis: medication management and with surgical intervention
Drug treatment for gastritis is prescribed individually in each case. For this, the following can be used:
- enveloping agents;
- substitutes for gastric juice;
In addition, people use methods of treating the disease. They are included in the application of decoctions of plants such as dandelion, air, plantain and wormwood.
In cases where medication failed to produce a positive result, a decision to surgical intervention may be made. Depending on whether the part of the stomach or the whole organ is affected, resection or gastrectomy is performed. But this is an extreme measure, since such operations can cause negative consequences in the form of metabolic disorders. In addition, if resection involves the removal of only that part of the stomach that has been affected by pathology, then with gastrectomy, the organ is completely removed( this can be due, for example, to the presence of a malignant tumor).
As you can see, gastritis hypertrophic is a very serious type of disease and requires long-term treatment. Therefore, to make it as soon as possible and with the least losses, it is important to consult a doctor in time for diagnosis and prescribing therapy.
Prevention of the disease
So, we considered the following questions about the diagnosis of hypertrophic gastritis: diet and treatment, symptomatology and diagnosis, types and causes of the disease. Therefore, in order to fully disclose the topic, it remains to dwell on the methods of preventing pathology.
The first thing to do is to revise your diet and diet. Refuse snacks on the go, as well as a large number of fatty, fried and spicy foods, spices, carbonated drinks, coffee. In addition, not the best effect on the gastrointestinal tract and have harmful habits: smoking and drinking alcohol.
One more thing: to use medicines is necessary only for the doctor's prescription, clearly observing the necessary dosages and the number of applications per day. Otherwise, there is a high risk of irritation of the gastric mucosa and the appearance of inflammation.
Finally I would like to once again repeat and remind you that in the case of hypertrophic gastritis it is necessary to contact the specialist as soon as possible to prescribe the correct treatment. Only in this case it is possible to avoid the occurrence of various kinds of complications and get rid of the disease in a short time.