Why articulate gymnastics for preschoolers?
In order for a person to pronounce different sounds correctly, his articulation organs, lips, tongue, soft palate, lower jaw must be sufficiently mobile. In the process of how the child learns to speak, the strength and accuracy of the movements of these organs gradually develop, and the speech itself becomes more distinct, differentiated. To speed up this process it is possible only by constant trainings of organs of speech. This is precisely what a number of special exercises are directed to strengthen and develop the mobility of the tongue, lips, cheeks, bridle. Articulatory gymnastics for preschoolers aims to teach the child to speak correctly.
As for any other kind of gymnastics, as a complex of exercises for strengthening and developing the motor skills of a certain functional apparatus of a person, articulatory gymnastics for children will make sense and will give the desired effect only if it is performed on a daily basis. However, there are some peculiarities of such gymnastics for children of preschool age, connected with their functional features. As such children quickly become fatigued and, as a consequence, lose interest in the activities, each of the exercises of the complex should not last more than 3-5 minutes, and the number of different exercises in the complex should not be more than two or three. If you comply with this condition, to better consolidate the skills of pronouncing the sounds of spoken speech, articulation exercises for preschoolers can be successfully conducted three to four times a day.
There is one more of the most important conditions for performing gymnastics for the organs of speech, which is conditioned by the age of the audience. First, the all exercises must take place in a game form. This makes it easier for children to understand what you want from them. Secondly, the exercise complex should always start with an easier to implement children and end with the most difficult. If it is necessary to add a new exercise for the development of skills, then it must first appear in the complex last, after repeating the already well-developed skills. The same complex can be repeated until the child learns to do all the exercises well enough.
Articulation exercises for preschool children are performed in a special way: the child should sit in front of an adult on a hard comfortable chair, since his back should be straight while the arms and legs are not strained. The face of an adult should be right in front of the child's face, in the center of his attention. It is impossible to admit situations when the child will start to look away. It is desirable that in the room where the exercises are held, there was a wall mirror, or even better, that articulatory gymnastics was held in the kindergarten. Individual exercises require that the child can see how he performs certain exercises with his tongue and lips or watch other children, how they perform them.
The procedure for organizing work during articulatory exercises is as follows:
- Description of adults exercises in the form of a story.
- Showing adults how to perform an exercise.
- Repetition of the child exercises with mandatory supervision by an adult.
It is the adult's responsibility to monitor the quality of the movements performed by the child. It is also necessary to ensure that the movements of the lips, tongue and other organs are performed symmetrically on both the left and the right side of the face. As a rule, at the beginning of the exercises the children are strained, but gradually, when they are addicted to the game, the tension goes away, and the movements acquire the necessary naturalness. Thus, the habit of "habitual actions" is developed, the movements become more coordinated.
It's incredibly important not to focus the child's attention on the fact that he is incorrectly executing this or that movement. Only praise! But if necessary - gently correct incorrect movements with the help of phrases like: "a little bit wrong, but this is how", while you need to once again show how exactly to perform the exercise. To praise and encourage. The child must believe in himself! Only with this condition articulatory gymnastics for preschool children will give the necessary results.