Hypoteriosis. How to drink "L-thyroxine": instructions for use, description, composition, effectiveness and feedback. Remedy for hypothyroidism
Diseases of the thyroid gland are now quite common. Everyone knows that such problems lead to a lack of iodine in the body. It is also very important that the hormonal background is normal. Otherwise, hypothyroidism may develop. One of the most popular drugs for treating this disease is "L-thyroxine Berlin Chemie."Reviews about this tool can be heard for the most part positive.
Form and Composition of Medication
Tablets are round and slightly convex. The medicine is slightly yellowish in color. On one side there is a characteristic designation with the dose of the drug. The agent "L-thyroxine" can be found with titers of 50, 100 and 150. The composition of tablets includes levothyroxine sodium in different dosages. The drug with the figure 50 contains 50 mg of the main substance.
There are also auxiliary components. These are microcrystalline cellulose, dextrin, sodium carboxymethyl starch, incomplete glycerides. Packed medicine in blisters of 25 pieces in each. Shelf life of the drug does not exceed two years. Why do they drink "L-thyroxine"?
The left-handed isomer of thyroxine is a synthetic thyroid hormone. In the liver and kidneys, it gradually cleaves, forming triiodothyronine. Then the main substance enters the cells of the body. In this case, the drug has an effect on the metabolism, on the growth of tissues and their development.
In small doses, the drug has a positive effect on the metabolism of fat and proteins in the body. Therefore, in some cases, prescribe the drug "L-thyroxine" for weight loss. Reviews, action, side effects - all this should be studied before starting therapy. Patients note that it is possible to get rid of extra pounds quickly enough. Also, the tablets increase the activity of the heart and blood vessels, increase the flow of oxygen into the tissue. During the week from the beginning of taking the tablets, there is a positive therapeutic effect. Also at the end of the course the effect of the drug is observed for another 10 days.
Pharmacological features of "L-thyroxine" tablets
Injection occurs only from the upper part of the small intestine. Levothyroxine binds to blood proteins by almost one hundred percent. Thyroid hormones settle in most cases in the brain, liver, kidneys, muscles. The active substance is withdrawn together with urine and bile.
You should take the medicine correctly if the patient has hypothyroidism. How to drink "L-thyroxine", the expert will tell in addition.
The dosage of the drug
The dose of the drug depends on the degree of enlargement of the thyroid gland, as well as on the hormones in the blood. The most dangerous disease of the thyroid gland is hypothyroidism. How to drink "L-thyroxine", the doctor will determine individually. The medicine should be taken once a day on an empty stomach or half an hour before a meal. If you take the medicine with food, the effect of levothyroxine decreases and the process of its absorption slows down. It is not recommended to chew the tablet. Drink the medicine with plenty of clean water.
Patients who are 55 years old and have no history of heart and vascular disease are prescribed L-thyroxine tablets at a dose of 1.6-1.8 mg per kilogram of body weight. We are afraid of the age of the patient put a dosage of 0.9 mg per kilogram of weight. If the percentage of obesity is too high, the dose is calculated taking into account the ideal weight index of the patient. If there is a failure from the cardiovascular system, it is necessary to add medications to the heart.
During the onset of severe disease, it is necessary to start prescribing the drug from small doses. A day should take no more than 25 mg. Then the dose can be increased. Treatment is carried out under the close supervision of a physician. In general, supportive therapy is recommended, which lasts throughout life. Newborn and infants, the tablet is diluted with water and given 30 minutes before the start of feeding. The drug "L-thyroxine" is a savior in hypothyroidism. Reviews about it patients leave good. At the time of taking the medication, the thyroid gland normalizes in patients. Positive clinical effect is observed only 5 days after the initiation of therapy.
Overdose with medical device "L-thyroxine"
In case of a drug overdose, sweating, palpitations, heart pain, tremor, sleep disorders, weight loss, diarrhea can be observed. All these symptoms are characteristic of thyrotoxicosis. Treatment consists in reducing the daily dose of tablets. The reception of beta-blockers is also shown. It is recommended to stop taking the tablets for several days, and then resume treatment at a lower dosage.
The specialist should correctly and carefully calculate the dose when the patient has hypothyroidism. How to drink "L-thyroxine", the doctor-endocrinologist can thoroughly explain.
Interaction with other drugs
The substance of levothyroxine, which is a part of the "L-thyroxine" tablets, can increase the effect of indirect anticoagulants. Therefore, it will be necessary to lower the dosage. If you need to take antidepressants, then the drug "L-thyroxine" will enhance their effect. It is also necessary to increase the dosage of insulin and tablets from diabetes mellitus. Levothyroxine reduces their effect.
Be sure to constantly monitor blood glucose levels."L-thyroxine" reduces the effect of cardiac drugs. During treatment with antibacterial agents, it is necessary to increase the dosage of levothyroxine. During pregnancy and feeding it is necessary to increase the therapeutic dose of tablets, however, only on the advice of a doctor. All these features of the interaction should be taken into account when using "L-thyroxine" tablets. Functions, instructions for use - all this should be studied before starting therapy.
Side effects and contraindications
If you take the drug "L-thyroxine" under the supervision of a doctor with regular monitoring of the blood test, then there will be no side effects. Only with an overdose can symptoms of poisoning and nervous system. Allergic reactions may occur in case of individual drug intolerance.
The drug is stored away from children at a temperature of no higher than 25 degrees. With caution is assigned to patients who underwent myocardial infarction, acute myocarditis. It is worth turning to a specialist if there are pathological changes in the genitourinary system.
Indications for the prescription of tablets "L-thyroxine"
First of all, the drug "L-thyroxine" is widely used in the treatment of all stages of hyperthyroidism. Also, the medication can be used as a substitution therapy after resection of the thyroid gland.
After surgery for thyroid cancer, the drug "L-thyroxine" may also be prescribed for prophylaxis. Assign the drug and during the diagnosis during the test for thyroid suppression.
Use in children and the elderly.
In elderly people, it is not recommended to prescribe L-thyroxine tablets. If such a need arises, the reception should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist. In childhood, the minimum dose of the drug is from 12.5 to 50 mg per day. With prolonged treatment with the drug "L-thyroxine", the dosage is increased.
Fatigue is given a daily dose at one time on an empty stomach. The medicine is diluted with water. Even in newborns, hypothyroidism occurs. How to drink tablets "L-thyroxine", the neonatologist will tell in the maternity department.
Tablets «L-thyroxine»: reviews. Hormonal drugs and their importance for human life
Many people are very concerned about taking hormonal drugs. Some believe that hormones destroy the body. But this is an erroneous opinion. If you believe the reviews of specialists, the "L-thyroxine" helps not only normalize the hormonal background of the thyroid gland, but also affect the protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism in humans. This, in turn, will help to bring the weight back to normal. However, only for the purpose of losing weight the medicine should not be used.
Patients note that the therapeutic effect is rapidly occurring. Now very often at any age, hypothyroidism can occur. How to drink "L-thyroxine" the doctor will say after the additional examinations.
Tablets have a different dosage, which is indicated on the box. Inside each package there is an instruction that needs to be thoroughly studied. Who is undergoing medical treatment with "L-thyroxine", he knows that it must be taken strictly in the morning on an empty stomach.
Patients note that it is possible to purchase the medicine only after consulting a doctor. After tablets "L-thyroxine" are released in pharmacies strictly according to the prescription.