"Inokain"( eye drops): instruction and description of the preparation
What is an ophthalmic tool like "Inokain"( eye drops)?The instruction and composition of this preparation, its description, analogs and pharmacological features will be presented below.
Form, description, medicine package, its composition
The drug "Inokain" - eye drops, you can find reviews about which you can find at the end of the article in question, produced in the form of 0,4% transparent, colorless solution.
The main component of this drug is oxybuprocaine hydrochloride. Also in the composition of eye drops are the following ingredients: boric acid, benzalkonium chloride, sodium chloride, d / and water and disodium edetate.
The ophthalmic drug in question is sold in vials-droppers( plastic), which are placed in packs of cardboard. Also this product can be purchased in bottles made of glass( dark color).
Pharmacological features of eye drops
What is the medicine "Inokain"( eye drops)?The instruction states that this is a local anesthetic that can block nerve endings.
This drug penetrates well into almost all tissues of the visual organs. Compared with the drug "Tetrakain", as well as with other local anesthetics, the medication in question has minimal irritant effect on the cornea and conjunctiva of the eye.
After what time does the drug "Inokain"( eye drops) start acting? The instruction says that the superficial anesthesia of the cornea and conjunctiva after the instillation of drops occurs approximately in half a minute. This therapeutic effect lasts for ¼ hour.
Kinetic features of the drug for the eyes
Is the drug "Inokain"( eye drops) absorbed? The instruction states that after a single application of this drug, its active ingredients almost immediately penetrate into the conjunctival cavity and stroma of the cornea of the visual organs. Over the next 20 minutes, the patient is quantitatively reduced by the stromal concentration of the medication, which provides a 16-minute period of anesthesia.
Indications for the use of the drug for the eyes
What indications for use is an ophthalmic preparation such as "Inokain"( eye drops)?The instruction states that this agent is used as a local anesthetic with:
- measurement of intraocular pressure( tonometry);
- extraction of joints or foreign bodies from the conjunctiva and cornea;
- diagnostic conjunctival scrapie;
- surgical interventions( short-term) on the conjunctiva and the cornea.
Prohibitions for the use of the ophthalmic tool
When should I not use the local medicine "Inokain"( eye drops)?The description attached to this drug informs consumers that there are no serious contraindications to use for this drug. However, it is undesirable to prescribe to the patient with hypersensitivity to additional and basic elements of the drug.
Preparation "Inokain"( eye drops): instructions for use
In what dose do ophthalmic medications are prescribed for patients? The drug "Inokain" is recommended to dig in a conjunctival sac in the amount of 1 drop. It should be noted that prolonged anesthesia( up to 60 minutes) provides a three-fold application of the medication with an interval of 5 minutes.
Do not use this tool at your own discretion. It should appoint an experienced ophthalmologist, and strictly according to the indications.
Side effects of
Do eye drops "Inokain" cause any adverse reactions? The instruction states that, in general, the drug in question is well tolerated by patients who have ophthalmic problems. But sometimes against the background of its use in some patients, there is a brief burning and tingling sensation, as well as congestion hyperemia. Also, allergic reactions are possible, rarely - the development of keratitis.
Cases of overdose, drug interaction
There are no data on overdose of ophthalmic drops "Inokain" for today.
Regarding the drug interaction, in the medical literature, no positive or negative effects with parallel administration to the conjunctival bag of eye preparations have been described. It should be noted that such a medicinal substance, as oxybuprokain, can reduce the antibacterial effect of sulfonamides.
Feeding and Pregnancy
Clinical experience with the eye drops under consideration during lactation and pregnancy is not enough. Therefore instillation of "Inokain" in such periods is possible only in cases when the benefit of treatment for the mother, including the future, exceeds the probable risk for the infant or fetus.
Eye drops "Inokain" are intended only for instillation into the conjunctival sac. They are categorically forbidden to use for injections. Also, the drug in question is not intended for long-term treatment, including in the complex therapy of various eye diseases.
Prolonged and repeated administration of this agent to the visual organs can lead to a clouding( persistent) cornea.
In the process of treatment, this agent should protect the eyes from foreign bodies, irritating chemical influences and friction.
The use of such drops as "Inokain", for children is possible only in those cases when the expected benefit of therapy far exceeds the risk of occurrence of adverse reactions.
Preparation "Inokain"( eye drops): analogues, doctor's reviews
The drug under consideration can be replaced with such products as "Benoxi", "Oxibuprocain hydrochloride" and "Oxibuprocain."
There are not so many reviews of eye drops "Inokain".This is due, above all, to the fact that this medication is intended for anesthetics of the visual organs during medical manipulations. At the same time, doctors say that "Inokain" is a good anesthetic. It starts to act immediately after application, which allows specialists to perform gonioscopy, measurement of pressure inside the eye, extraction of sutures or foreign bodies from the conjunctiva and so on.
As for the deficiencies, most often patients refer to them as impossibility of using the considered remedy at their own discretion. Also, with its long-term use in patients, vision can deteriorate and develop corneal opacity.