Candidiasis of the oral mucosa: symptoms and treatment
Candidiasis of the mucous membranes are fungal diseases that many inhabitants of our planet face. In this article, we will consider the main features of this pathology, as well as its symptoms, the causes of the onset and the most effective methods of treatment. Therefore, carefully read this article in order to maximize yourself.
General description of the disease
Candidiasis of the mucous membranes are pathologies that damage the mucous membranes of the human body. Usually, such an ailment occurs in the oral cavity, the vagina, and also in the nasopharynx and in the intestine. In fact, about thirty percent of the earth's population experienced at least once in their life the development of various forms of candidiasis in the body of the mucous membranes. If we consider the oral cavity, then most often affected by this fungus are young children. It is at this age that the disease is much easier to treat, but at the same time it spreads very quickly. However, adults are not immune from the attack of Candida on the oral cavity. Very often suffer from this pathology are the elderly, who are forced to wear artificial limbs. After all, a large number of fungi and bacteria can accumulate under it, and the candidate is no exception.
The disease can also start to progress if the person's immunity is too weak. Much more often candidiasis of mucous membranes is attacked precisely by the fair sex, but men are also susceptible to the development of this pathology. In a special risk zone are smokers of the stronger sex.
What is a candida bacterium
Before starting to treat diseases caused by fungi, you need to understand what they are. In this article we will talk specifically about candida. This fungus is unicellular. In this case, the human body can attack about twenty species of representatives of such parasites. Candidiasis of the oral mucosa can be formed in a wide variety of areas. For example, on the site of a damaged tooth, on tonsils and mucous membranes. If the conditions in your body will ideally match for the active reproduction of yeast-like fungi, then be prepared for the fact that soon you will come across a disease such as candidiasis of the mucous membranes.
Please note that these mushrooms simply adore the alkaline nature. If you consume a large amount of sweet, as well as other foods rich in carbohydrates, then create for them the ideal conditions in your body.
The disease is very simply transmitted. When the parasite gets inside the epithelium, it starts its active vital activity there. It should also be borne in mind that candida can excrete special enzymes that destroy cells in the human body. Under the influence of such processes, you will notice that in the oral cavity painful sensations began to appear more often. In addition, excessive dryness, inflammation and burning can occur.
Candidiasis of the oral mucosa: causes of the development of the pathology
In fact, absolutely any person, even the most healthy, can become a carrier of a fungal pathology such as candidiasis. And, oddly enough, a large half of humanity does not even suspect this. Of course, the body adapts to peaceful cohabitation with many microorganisms, however, if the health deteriorates sharply, fungi begin to feel their dominance and tend to actively multiply. Thus, fungal cells already exist not alone. They form very large colonies.
Let us consider the most basic causes of the development of such a disease as candidiasis of the mucous membranes( you can see the photos on this topic in this article).
Most often, such a pathology occurs in those people who suffer from low immunity. The defenses of the body can fail if there are any diseases in the body, and against the background of uncontrolled use of antibiotics.
Very often, the disease can begin to progress in pregnant women. This is due to the fact that the period of bearing the baby is accompanied by a change in the hormonal background.
Also mushrooms that affect the oral cavity, signal the development of such a dangerous disease as diabetes.
It is worth paying attention to the diet. Very often people suffer from fungal diseases only because their body lacks vitamins. Be sure to include in the daily menu products rich in a group of vitamins B, C and PP.
Pay attention to your lifestyle. If you drink too much alcohol and tobacco, then, most likely, the balance of your body is broken, which means that the defenses have weakened.
As mentioned above, elderly people wearing dentures are also susceptible to candidiasis of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa.
It is worth considering the presence in the oral cavity of small wounds, caries and cracks. Timely trips to the dentist significantly reduce the risk of developing various fungal pathologies.
Remember, a person is infected with candida from another person very simply. This can happen during a kiss or intercourse, as well as in the absence of an individual toothbrush and other hygiene products. The disease can pass to humans and animals. Therefore, in a special risk area are young children, often in contact with them.
Disease in children
Candidiasis of mucous membranes in children is very common. About twenty percent of infants experience this pathology. In this case, the disease can be transmitted from mother to her baby, and from the working staff of the polyclinic. The protective system of the child's body is not yet formed to the end, so getting into the body of a fungal infection will not be difficult. The microflora of the oral cavity is not yet stable, so the bacteria develop and multiply very quickly.
In the very early stages of the development of candidiasis of the mucous membranes in children, it is very difficult to identify the disease, since the only thing that can be seen in the oral cavity is the inflamed areas. However, later the oral cavity will be covered with fine white grains of sand, which will subsequently become a kind of curd mass. If the disease is not treated, then every day it will have a progressive nature. Children begin to suffer from insomnia, and body temperature rises.
The main symptoms in adults: the first stage of the development of pathology
Once the infection enters the epithelial tissue, it begins to actively reproduce in it and destroy all surrounding cells. This is accompanied by pain, as well as inflammation and dryness.
Active propagation phase
It is very easy to consider the accumulation of a large number of pathogens. They have the appearance of cheesy discharge. In this case, removing them is not difficult.
Every day, the affected areas of the skin become more and more, and eventually they begin to merge. In some cases, the danger zone is not only the inside of the mouth, but also the lips. They, too, are covered with a white curdled coating.
The heavy phase of
The next step is to remove curdled clusters becoming harder and harder. Under them you can see inflamed skin and even wound. If bacteria hit the throat, it becomes very difficult for a person to swallow, and the process of eating food becomes rather difficult. Gradually, the body temperature rises, the body's defensive immune forces are completely depleted, and the body is poisoned by toxins that produce Candida fungi.
Treatment of candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the mouth
You should not engage in self-medication. Be sure to contact the hospital for an accurate diagnosis. Only an experienced specialist will be able to recognize the disease and prescribe you the best possible treatment. In order to accurately determine the type of pathology, the doctor will take several necessary tests, as well as study the anamnesis. Only after this can we talk about the methods of treatment. First you need to get rid of the reasons that have affected the development of such a dangerous and unpleasant ailment.
If the disease affects only the oral cavity, then the periodontist or dentist can help you. If the fungus has spread to other mucous membranes, then consult an infectious disease specialist.
Conservative treatment methods
Many people are faced with a fungal disease, like candidiasis of the oral mucosa. Treatment in this case usually consists of taking some medications. Usually, doctors prescribe polyene antibiotics to their patients, but if they did not lead to positive results, then the drug "Amphotericin", which is administered intravenously, is prescribed. In addition, such drugs as "Fluconazole" and "Nizoral" have also proved themselves well. All the features of their application will be told to you by the doctor at the reception, because each case is individual, so it requires a special approach.
It is very important to restore immunity. Typically, doctors recommend taking multivitamin complexes, as well as micronutrients such as iron and calcium gluconate.
Compliance with the
diet Candidiasis of the skin and mucous membranes occurs quite often. Often such a disease affects the oral cavity. In order to get rid of the pathology much faster, doctors recommend to follow a special diet. Namely, try during the treatment to completely abandon the sweet, maximally reduce the intake of simple carbohydrates. Do not eat too sharp and acidic foods, as they will excessively irritate the already damaged mucous membranes. Also, try not to consume harmful foods for a year after the course of treatment. This will maximize the results and save you from re-infection.
Folk methods of treatment
Do not ignore such a disease as candidiasis of the oral mucosa. The healing process will move much faster if you combine folk and conservative methods.
Specialists recommend rinsing the oral cavity with a decoction based on oak bark, dill seeds and parsley roots. You can also use oils that have an anti-inflammatory effect. Put them on a layer of gauze folded in several layers and apply to the damaged areas. Start eating carrot and cranberry juice. A good effect and has natural honey. Drink daily tea from calendula. It will eliminate the inflammatory processes in your body, significantly strengthen immunity.
The first thing to pay attention to is careful hygiene. Every family member should have a personal toothbrush. A woman before breast-feeding is recommended to take a shower, be sure to boil the nipples and baby dishes.
Both adults and children should eat properly and consume enough vitamins to enhance immunity. Specialists recommend introducing more dairy products into the diet.
Everyone should take care of the condition of their teeth, so at least twice a year go to the dentist for preventive examination.
Each of us is responsible for the state of our health. Only we decide, be healthy or bend under the weight of various diseases. Take care of yourself today, because Candidiasis is not a verdict. To protect yourself from the development of this pathology is very simple. First of all pay attention to your diet. Use as much as possible products responsible for strengthening the defenses of your body. Also, doctors recommend several times a year to drink polyvitaminic complexes. Do active sports, walk more in the fresh air, accustom yourself to hardening.
It is very important to cure all the chronic diseases that exist in your body at the moment. Regularly go to the dentist and accustom your children from childhood to take care of themselves. And then you do not know what is the candidiasis of the oral cavity. Love yourself and be healthy!