"Dexamethasone" for allergies: dosage, reviews
Allergic reactions may be caused by different stimuli. Some people do not tolerate the flowering of certain plants, others can not be in the same room as animals. Absolutely unexpectedly and sharply there is a drug allergy, and food. Modern pharmacological companies offer you to purchase different medications to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. One such is Dexamethasone. With allergies, this drug is used by many patients, despite a wide range of analogues. Today's article will tell you about the use of antihistamine medication.
Description and characteristics of
Medication "Dexamethasone" refers to antihistamines of hormonal origin. The active substance of the drug is sodium dexamethasone phosphate. Depending on the form of release of the drug, it may contain additional components. You can buy the drug "Dexamethasone"( for allergies) in the pharmacy. The manufacturer offers at your choice injections, eye drops or tablets. Depending on the type and severity of the pathology, the appropriate form is chosen.
Costs a glucocorticoid relatively inexpensively. Drops will cost you no more than 100 rudders, tablets can be purchased for 50 rubles. Ampoules in the amount of 25 pieces are not more than 200 rubles. Despite such an affordable price, it is important to remember that "Dexamethasone" should be prescribed by a doctor for allergies. Do not self-medicate, which is not always correct.
"Dexamethasone" for allergy: prescription and contraindications
Hormonal antihistamine is prescribed for the treatment of allergic reactions, when the use of other medicines is impossible or ineffective. Most often, "Dexamethasone" is used in the development of acute severe conditions, for example, Quincke's edema, anaphylactic shock, bronchospasm. The planned use of this drug is prescribed when it is necessary to remove a person from a serious condition. In the future, doctors recommend switching to the use of conventional antihistamines. The main indications for the use of the drug will be the following situations:
- allergy in the form of shock, edema, bronchospasm;
- hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia;
- acute croup, insufficiency of the adrenal cortex;
- dermatitis, erythema, lichen and urticaria;
- allergic conjunctivitis, iritis, inflammation of the optic nerve.
The drug is also used in complex therapy for the treatment of various inflammatory processes: arthritis, bursitis, bronchitis, blood diseases and so on. Do not use Dexamethasone for allergies in the following cases:
- for hypertension and diabetes;
- if a person has a stomach ulcer and kidney failure;
- during pregnancy and lactation;
- for fungal and purulent eye lesions( for drops);
- for hypersensitivity.
tablets It is important to use Dexamethasone correctly for allergies. The dosage of the drug is administered individually in each case. If the doctor does not give individual recommendations, then take the medicine according to the instructions. For an adult, the minimum daily dose is 1-2 tablets( 0.5-1 mg of active ingredient).If necessary, the portion is increased, but it should not exceed 30 tablets( 15 mg) per day. The prescribed dose is divided into several doses( from 2 to 4).
When there is relief of the condition, the dose of the drug is reduced every three days by 0.5 mg. It is necessary to assess the patient's condition. Tablets are not used in children under 12 years of age. If this therapy is necessary, a different form of drug release is chosen.
Use of eye drops
This form of the drug can be used to treat children from 6 years of age. Always shake the bottle before use.
- Children from 6 to 12 years are advised to inject 1 drop to three times a day.
- Adults and children after 12 years are prescribed 2 drops up to 5 times a day. After two days, the frequency of use is reduced to 2-3 times.
The drug therapy lasts about 7 days. If necessary, this period can be extended to 10 days. In the postoperative period and with chronic allergies, the drug is used up to one month, but in a smaller dosage.
"Dexamethasone" for allergy intramuscularly: dosage
Injections of "Dexamethasone" are used in especially dangerous situations when one can not hesitate. Most often they are used in hospitals and paramedics. How correctly to enter "Dexamethasone" for allergy intramuscularly? During the manipulation it is important to follow all the rules of asepsis: use only disposable syringes, wipe the skin with sterile alcohol napkins, wash your hands before injecting. Dosage of the drug can be from 1 to 5 ampoules per day. The medicine is used as follows:
- when shocked 5 ampoules at once, and then the portion is calculated according to the body weight;
- during the brain edema 2-3 ampoules per vein, followed by 1 injection with a break of 6 hours.
For children, a medication is used from birth, but only in case of emergency. Depends on the body weight of the baby portion of the medicine "Dexamethasone".With allergies, how much should a child be pricked, which weighs 10 kilograms? Intramuscularly, this patient is administered 0.25 mg of drug per day. Multiplicity of application - 3 times a day( portion should be divided).
Action of the drug
How does the drug Dexamethasone work with allergies? Medication affects the cortex of the adrenal glands. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine action. The drug interferes with the production of eosinophils. It inhibits the work of inflammatory mediators. It also has an immunosuppressive effect. Corticosteroid affects the metabolism, it eliminates proteins that contribute to the development of allergy symptoms.
The effect of using the medication lasts about three days. The active substance is excreted by the kidneys. Important: the drug suppresses the effectiveness of vitamin D. In this regard, with long-term use, there may be a lack of calcium in the body.
There are a lot of different opinions about the medicine described. Most consumers say that the medicine saved their lives. Indeed, the drug in the form of injections is used in emergency situations, when you can not hesitate. The tool works quickly and efficiently.
Positive responses leave and about tablets "Dexamethasone".Consumers say that the drug can not be canceled at the same time. It is necessary to gradually reduce its dosage. How to do it correctly - you will tell your doctor. Often, the intake of pills is completed by an injection. Also, patients are often prescribed continuation of therapy with other antihistamine formulations.
Negative feedback about this tool is practically nonexistent. If you follow the recommendations of a specialist and do not use the medication yourself, they will not appear. Instruction for use says that the medicine has many side effects. But if you follow all the rules and take into account contraindications, then they can be avoided.
In conclusion. ..
You already know that only dexamethasone medication is used exceptionally in case of an allergy. Dosage, reviews about the drug and the way it was used were examined in full detail. If you suddenly find yourself in a situation where the use of Dexamethasone is required, then consult a doctor. In case of emergency, call an ambulance. Do not engage in self-medication and without the recommendation of a doctor to apply any kind of medicine, including this. Good luck!