Yellow spots on the skin: causes
Yellow spots on the skin - an extremely unpleasant phenomenon, which most often does not cause physical discomfort. At the same time, the emergence of such formations prevents us from living normally, forcing a person to be nervous.
In most cases, getting rid of such manifestations is rather difficult. Let's try to find out what stains can appear from? The skin of yellow color should be given due attention, as the reluctance to identify the root cause of the phenomenon can result in the most unintended consequences.
What is yellow pigmentation on the skin?
The color of the skin is pigmented with melanin. Its quantity in the upper layers influences the formation of a person's phototype, the color of the hair and eyes. However, giving the skin a certain shade is by no means the main function of melanin. The main task of the substance is the protection of deep tissues from ultraviolet irradiation. The brown pigment is called eumelanin, respectively, yellow - pheomelalin.
If a representative of the european phototype lights up in the sun, its skin acquires a soft, chocolate tint. At the same time, the disease of vitiligo can cover with yellow and whitish spots of any, even the most pale from nature.
When yellow spots appear on the skin, this phenomenon is called an optional change in the structure of the tissue. Among such manifestations is the occurrence of freckles, a violation of uniform coloring of surface tissues.
Yellow spots on the skin:
types Depending on the etymology, several varieties of yellow shades on the skin are distinguished:
- Flat - are small tumors that have a rounded shape. Appear on the soles and palms. Often formed in older people due to excessive accumulation of cholesterol in the body, the development of atherosclerosis.
- Diffuse - yellow spots on the skin in the form of mass accumulation of papules. In most cases, they become an adverse manifestation in diseases such as myeloma and leukemia.
- Intertriginous - is a hereditary disease. Often shown on the skin of people whose parents have suffered from an excess of cholesterol in the body.
- Palmar - as in the previous case, such yellow spots on the skin are genetically determined. Characteristic for people in the body of which there are violations of lipoprotein metabolism.
- Eruptive - arise as a result of unhealthy lipid metabolism. Most often concentrated in the area around the eyes, on the eyelids, near the nostrils.
If a yellow stain appears on the skin, the following can cause it:
- minor subcutaneous hemorrhage;
- dermatological diseases;
- blows, other mechanical effects on the fabric;
- disorders of lipid metabolism in the body;
- systemic ailments.
What can pale yellow spots appear from? The skin is inherent in acquiring a similar color when developing varicoloured hair, pigmentary urticaria. These diseases are not accompanied by absolutely any other symptoms at first. A person for a long time feels completely healthy until the disease begins to progress. Therefore, if the skin has yellow spots, it is worth immediately contacting an experienced dermatologist for advice.
With regard to hemorrhages, which can cause yellow-brown spots on the skin, the cause of their occurrence is often damage to the smallest vessels. At first, the spots can have a red tint, which eventually changes to blue, and later to yellow. Often, the traces that have emerged as a result of mechanical effects on tissues naturally disappear as the week passes as a result of resorption of foci of stagnant blood.
To lead to the appearance of yellow spots on the skin can and such systemic diseases as lupus, Addison's disease, diabetes, oncology.
Yellow spots often signal the improper operation of internal organs: kidney, liver, gall bladder. There are manifestations of this plan for venereal diseases. They can also be caused by constant stress, lack of sleep. Among other things, the common cause of the formation of yellow spots is the wrong approach to skin care.
Effective help in the fight against yellow pigment spots on the skin can serve as medical bleaching agents. A good effect is given by drugs, which contain zinc lactate and hydroquinone. However, they should be used cautiously, because these substances not only inhibit the production of melanin in the body tissues, but also have a whole list of side effects.
If it is necessary to eliminate yellow spots on the skin, specialists often prescribe creams and solutions that contain a component called retin-A.The latter is an effective stimulator of cell regeneration. In addition, the substance reduces the harm caused by ultraviolet rays to healthy tissues.
If medication does not give the expected results, it is worth using cosmetic methods. To begin with, yellow spots can be removed by resorting to a deep chemical peel. The laser correction can be completed, which painlessly removes pigment manifestations from the skin and evenly brightens the affected areas.
As you know, any disease is easier to prevent than to fight its consequences. Far from always when identifying the root causes of the formation of yellow spots, they can be eliminated by methods of modern medicine.
For prevention it is extremely important to protect the skin from prolonged exposure to harmful sunlight. It is not enough to cover delicate skin areas. In summer it is recommended to use effective means with a high level of protection against ultraviolet radiation. And they need to be applied evenly over the entire surface of unprotected skin.
In case of appearance of yellow spots it is necessary to limit yourself to eating fatty foods, dishes based on ingredients of animal origin. It is advisable to refrain from alcohol and tobacco smoking.
The appearance of yellow spots on the skin should not be regarded as a sign of a serious illness. However, ignoring the problem is not recommended, even if you do not feel any changes in your state of health. In the end, the yellow spots do not look very attractive from an aesthetic point of view, especially if they are on the face, other open areas of the skin.
Having resorted to this or that method of therapy, it is necessary to consider its features, as well as the available contraindications. Do not make a final decision, without consulting with a specialist, and also weighing the pros and cons.