Modern diagnostics of the stomach and treatment
Diagnosis of peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, neoplasms( benign, malignant) in modern medicine are very important measures that allow you to keep under control the state of health and take timely measures in the detection of pathologies. It has been developed quite a lot of effective options for studying the human body, and special attention is drawn to the instrumental - giving accurate and detailed information about the patient's condition. In most cases, the diagnosis of gastric ulcer is not particularly difficult for doctors, the most important is to turn in time to the hospital at the first suspicions of pathology.
Instrumental study of
Such techniques are a large and significant section of the survey if a person is suspected of having gastrointestinal diseases. A lot of approaches have been developed. Diagnosis of the stomach can be carried out using an endoscope, X-rays, ultrasound. Electrographic and electrometric approaches are used. Choose the actual methods of diagnosis of the stomach, assessing the patient's condition and complaints. With different diseases, the most suitable variant will show more useful information than all the others, so a qualified doctor should choose. The volume of diagnostic measures depends also on the equipment that the clinic has.
The use of a suitable method for diagnosing the stomach results in data on the morphology and functional characteristics of a particular tissue site. If the patient is assigned several studies, these are not duplicates, specified for clarification of information, but necessary for the disclosure of all aspects of the ongoing process of the event. A correct diagnosis of the stomach allows you to determine the relationship between the affected organ and surrounding tissues, as well as evaluate the nature of the pathology and its scale.
Attention to the little things!
Before carrying out the measures to diagnose the stomach, the doctor explains in detail the patient how to prepare for the study. It is important to follow all recommendations: this determines how accurate and reliable information will be obtained in the course of work. If the rules established by the doctor are not fulfilled, there is a possibility of getting a distorted picture, when the present disease can not be detected, or the diagnosis of stomach diseases will show a violation that does not exist in reality. Many modern methods are very accurate and sensitive, which leads to such a careful attitude.
Endoscope in the case of
One of the most widely used methods for diagnosing stomach diseases is an endoscopic study. As part of the event, the doctor examines the patient's digestive system from the inside, examining the tissues with which the systems are lined on the inner surface. Thus, it is possible to examine cavities, organs in the form of tubes. A special device is used - an endoscope.
When diagnosing diseases of the stomach, flexible thin tubes are used, supplemented with special optics - they are called endoscopes. An image, a beam of light rays are transmitted over a fiber optic cable. Modern diagnostics of the stomach involves the use of technically advanced equipment, so this technique is completely safe, if the event is conducted by a qualified doctor.
Some features: do not rush to treat
Diagnosis before treatment of the stomach should be conducted in the most responsible and detailed manner in order to collect all information about the course of the disease. The endoscope can be used when the patient complains of problems with the esophagus and duodenum. This procedure is indispensable before the start of the therapeutic course, affecting the sigmoid, rectus, large intestine, stomach. For each of these organs, you need to use a specialized endoscope designed with regard to human anatomy and physiology. If there is a suspicion of gastric ulcer, diagnosis and treatment usually begin with endoscopy.
The role of this method of detecting abnormalities in the work of the digestive tract can not be underestimated, and its importance grows from year to year, as the newest instruments allow not only to visually assess the condition of tissues, but also to obtain samples of biological material. Based on the tissues, the cytological analysis is made, the structural features, the structure of the cells forming the mucosa are recognized. In some cases, the doctor prescribes histochemical, histological examination, materials for which can also be obtained by endoscopy.
Features of themethod
Recourse to modern equipment, during the examination by an endoscope, you can take pictures of the internal surface of the organs being studied. For this purpose, special prefixes for photography are used. The event will help document changes in the structure of tissues.
In some cases, for more information, you can record a session on a VCR.This makes it possible to trace the dynamics of the disease, the healing of disorders if a re-examination of organs is prescribed. This is typical for situations where you need to check how much the ulcer has healed and how the polyps develop.
Diagnosis and treatment
Through the endoscope, you can not only identify the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract and clarify the information about it, but also conduct therapeutic activities. With the help of such a device, small polyps are removed, and bleeding sites are treated. Affected areas can be sealed, burned or laser treated. When an ulcer, erosion, the affected organ element is treated with medicinal preparations.
To clarify the information you need to use the improved version of the device - a video camera.
Ultrasound for the detection of diseases
Ultrasound is a whole spectrum of activities that involves scanning, echolocation, echo-, sonography. The methodology is based on the fact that waves of a certain frequency, specially directed, focused, can be absorbed, reflected by organs, tissues of the human body due to the different density of these structures. The reflected pulse is converted, recorded and displayed on the screen, from where the data is transferred to the film.
ultrasound helps to fix the structure of organs, features of position, size, shape. Thus, the stomach, liver, glands are diagnosed. During the research process, you can find stones, neoplasms, problems with blood vessels, damaged ducts and some other disruptions to the normal functioning of internal systems.
Features of the
To obtain accurate information, it is better to do the research in the morning, before this you can not eat. Preparation involves the adoption of drugs that exclude gas formation. Gases accumulated in the intestinal loops do not allow ultrasonic waves to pass into the tissue of the research purpose, which means that the measure will not give the exact information allowing to assess the patient's condition. Usually, three days before the study, meals are completely removed from the diet, in which the fiber concentration is increased. Writing out the direction for diagnosis, the doctor tells the patient in detail what products can not be consumed shortly before ultrasound.
If the patient has constipation, flatulence worries in a pronounced form, in addition to the study drink medicinal carminative decoctions. The seeds of dill, coriander, cumin, oats come to the rescue. It will not be superfluous to use activated carbon for three days in a row. A day drink four times a gram.
Radiation diagnosis of the stomach
X-rays are one of the most accurate studies, which allow obtaining maximum information about the state of the body. Without such an intervention, the diagnosis of the patient's condition can rarely be called complete, but many cases are known when x-rays were the only method that showed deviations, pathologies that provoked negative symptoms. Often, such a study can reveal factors that threaten human life, while alternative techniques are simply not capable of that, no matter how perfect they are in their field.
During the X-ray, the doctor receives information about the organs of the digestive tract. Information reflects the shape, location, relief of the mucosa, peristalsis. X-rays are absolutely indispensable for suspected ulcers, neoplasms, anomalies accompanying cholelithiasis. Do not do without this method of diagnosis, if the doctor assumes complications - stenosis, varicose veins, penetration. The method is used to identify functional disorders.
When it is not so much actual?
A relatively small benefit of X-ray examination shows if the patient is diagnosed with gastritis, duodenitis, colitis. Not too much information will be obtained in the case of cholecystitis. The pathologies listed may not affect the pictures taken during the diagnostics.
How's it going?
To obtain information in the study, you need to use a special contrast substance - barium sulfate, which is introduced into the body in the form of an aqueous suspension. Such a connection can absorb X-ray radiation, so that the whole route of the tube's movement through the organs of the digestive system becomes clearly visible in the pictures.
Usually, the study is scheduled for the morning, and a day before the diagnosis is recommended to eat a little and light food. No special diet is required, but dinner needs to be eaten a little. Recommended porridge, of the preference is to give tea. Before diagnosis, you can not smoke, take medicines, eat and drink - it will distort information.
Important features of
It is known that the correctness of the result is to a certain extent determined by the presence of gases in the intestine. This is more typical of pronounced meteorism. Problems can be in patients who suffer from constipation for a long time. Under the influence of accumulated gases, the intestinal loops move, put pressure on the stomach, and this prevents a specialized examination. If there is a suspicion of difficulty in x-rays, a patient is given an enema two hours before the event.
The accuracy of the results may be affected by the slime accumulated in the gastrointestinal tract, liquid. To prevent these problems, immediately before the diagnosis, the nurse rinses the stomach using a probe. A special volumetric syringe can be used to pump biological fluids.
Individuality as a path to success
When conducting a study using X-rays, the doctor always evaluates the characteristics of a particular patient. The procedure is individual, largely determined by the state of the patient, and pathology - its location, nature, scale. In the framework of diagnostic measures, fluoroscopy, review, radiography are performed. During the procedure, the patient will have to change positions several times so that the pictures describe the affected area from all sides.
It's easier to go
Quite often, patients are assigned a fairly simple study using X-ray examination. Contrast substance moves along the thin, large intestine. Inspection is scheduled not only on the day of the event, but also on the next. When there is a delay in the stool or the barium moves very slowly, the observations last three days.
If it is necessary to examine the cecum, eight hours before the event, the patient drinks a glass of liquid with barium. This time interval is sufficient for the substance to fill the ileum, the appendix. Snapshots taken based on the results of the event will show the shape, position of the organs. The doctor will be able to assess how much they are biased relative to the anatomically correct position.