What to feed a child with rotavirus infection: menus, recipes and nutrition features
Many mothers have faced such a problem as rotavirus infection. The child's state of health deteriorates sharply, the disease is accompanied by vomiting, upset stomach. This raises the natural question of how to feed children with rotavirus infection. In the article you will find a complete list of recommendations, a list of allowed and forbidden products, an approximate menu.
What is rotavirus infection
The source of this disease is the virus carrier. The infection attacks the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, while the sick person can spread the virus by airborne droplets.
The peculiarity of rotavirus infection is that it is symptomatic in the initial period similar to respiratory diseases. Its first manifestations are coughing, sneezing, fever. Because of this, diagnosis is difficult, which contributes to the further spread of the infection.
Rotavirus infection in a child. Symptoms and treatment of
A baby can become infected not only through close physical contact with the sick person, but also through infected objects of everyday life, toys, food and water. Getting into the body through the mouth, the virus penetrates the intestines and causes severe diarrhea. The disease is accompanied by fever, acute pain in the abdomen, vomiting. Due to dehydration of the body, the child becomes weak, sluggish.
Rotavirus infection in children is threatened precisely by the threat of severe dehydration, which can lead to serious consequences up to a lethal outcome. In this case, the smaller the weight and age of the child, the greater the risk he is exposed to, the sooner the deterioration occurs. Therefore, a diet with rotavirus infection is so important. Menu and recipes suitable for sick children, you will find in this article. For successful recovery, adherence to the right diet is of great importance.
Rotavirus infection in a child, the symptoms and treatment of which we are considering, is resistant to drugs. At the moment, there are no drugs that kill rotavirus. We can only help the child's body to cope with the disease itself. This will help diet and eliminate the threat of dehydration.
Features of the diet for intestinal infection
With rotavirus infection, it is important to keep a diet not only in the acute period, but also to keep restrictions on some products for another two to three weeks, otherwise unpleasant symptoms may return. In this case, even if the child has a good appetite, you can not allow him to overeat. It is better to eat often and gradually.
Follow the same principle when taking liquid. Feed the child as often as possible, every half hour, but in small portions of 50-70 ml. A large amount of eaten or drunk can provoke vomiting.
If the child's appetite is absent, then it can not be forced, but it is necessary to drink. If the baby refuses any drinks, dehydration begins, and the doctor should be consulted immediately.
All dishes for the patient should be prepared in a special way. No fried, spicy, salty, fibrous and coarse food! It is better to cook or steam. At the same time, it is preferable to grind the food and offer it in the form of a puree.
Features of a breastfeeding diet
How to feed a child with rotavirus infection if it is breastfed? Rotavirus causes an inflammatory process in the intestine and suppresses the production of enzymes that break down lactose. Therefore, many doctors recommend that breastfeeding be reduced or stopped altogether for two to three weeks. In the diet are introduced lactose-free or soy mixtures.
Health food for children with intestinal infection
So, what can you feed a child with rotavirus infection? Often children refuse food on the first or second day of illness. At this time, offer the baby liquid porridge on the water, jelly, wiped boiled dishes. But with regard to sour-milk products, doctors disagree. In some children, they cause deterioration, diarrhea and vomiting. To other kids cool sour-milk products bring relief, relieve spasmodic reactions, vomiting. Therefore, when improving, you can give your child a little kefir, if he likes it, and carefully follow the change in state.
It is very important during the illness to give the child more frequent drinks. In this case, portions should be small, so as not to provoke vomiting. As a drink, you can offer water, tea. In drinks do not need to add a lot of sugar, a little sweeten.
How to feed a child after rotavirus infection? Even when all the unpleasant symptoms in the past, the intestines have not yet returned to normal, so the restrictions on dairy products, fresh vegetables and fruits, fried, spicy should be kept for two to three weeks.
What to do if a child refuses to eat
How to feed a child with rotavirus infection if he refuses to eat? In the first, most difficult days of illness the baby can completely give up food. Do not force him to eat, it will only cause vomiting and will not do any good. Insist only on taking fluids to avoid dehydration.
On the second-third day of the illness, offer the baby light meals, preferably in the form of mashed potatoes. It can be low-fat meat, chicken, fish, boiled, steamed and steamed vegetables, liquid slops on the water.
Usually rotavirus infection passes independently and without serious consequences. However, do not treat this state irresponsibly. Intestinal infection can cause dehydration, loss of nutrients, weaken the immune system.
Which products are prohibited by
To understand what to feed a child with rotavirus infection, you need to know the list of prohibited products. Introducing the limitations, it is important to take into account the age of the child and the severity of the course of the disease. The newborn can not completely dispense with breast milk, so one or two feedings are left, supplementing the diet with a lactose-free mixture.
But older children can easily survive the ban on dairy products for several weeks. How to feed a child after a rotavirus infection? The menu of a sick child is similar to a diet prescribed for gastritis, no products that irritate the mucous.
When rotavirus infection is prohibited:
- raw vegetables and fruits, especially cabbage, radish, radish;
- whole milk;
- bakery products, black and white bread;
- spicy dishes;
- sausage of any kind;
It is not recommended to eat some types of croissant, pearl, millet.
What products are allowed
Children who already eat at a common table, observe the same diet as adults. What to feed a child with rotavirus infection? It can be:
- slimy soups on meat and vegetable broth;
- mashed porridge on the water - rice, buckwheat, oatmeal;
- low-fat kefir, cottage cheese;
- lean chicken meat, fish, boiled or steamed;
- weak unsweetened compotes of blueberries, currants, apples;
- jelly and jelly;
Proper nutrition greatly facilitates the course of the disease and accelerates recovery, helps to avoid complications.
Recipes of dishes
Here are a few recipes for dishes allowed with rotavirus infection.
Rice broth is a drink that helps to relieve the course of the disease. Take four tablespoons of rice for one liter of water and cook for about two hours until the croup is completely boiled. Then wipe the mixture to get a homogeneous mass, add half a teaspoon of soda and the same amount of salt, stir. Ready-made broth can be stored in the refrigerator. If necessary, separate small portions and heat.
Carrot and apple puree is a tasty and healthy dish that a child with a bad appetite will eat with pleasure. Take half a kilogram of apples and carrots, wash, peel. Rub them on a fine grater, add 5 tablespoons of sugar, bring the mixture to a boil. Ready mashed potatoes can be poured over glass jars or bottles with a wide neck and stored in the refrigerator.
Menu for a child affected by rotavirus infection
In conditions of a limited diet, it is important to make a menu so that the dishes are varied and do not bother the child. Let us give an example.
For breakfast, you can give an omelet cooked for a couple, low-fat cottage cheese with tea and breadcrumbs, rice or oatmeal.
For lunch, offer the baby vegetable soup, broth, steamed steamed meat with rice or buckwheat, boiled fish. As a drink - a broth of dogrose.
Dinner can consist of fish cutlet steamed, porridge, carrot and apple puree.
As a dessert baked apples, bananas. As the state of health restores, you can inject dried white bread, lean boiled meat and fish, meatballs, steam cutlets, soufflé into the diet.
Vegetables are given boiled, in the form of mashed potatoes. Are appropriate zucchini, pumpkin, broccoli. Sour-milk products should be low in fat. Kefir, ryazhenka, yoghurt, yogurt will do. Whole milk should be offered only three weeks after recovery.
Thinking about whether it is possible to feed a child with rotavirus infection with these or other products, parents often forget that the most important during this period is drinking, especially in the early days. To avoid dehydration, you need to give the baby a water-salt solution. You can buy it in a pharmacy in bags or make it yourself.
Dissolve 2 tablespoons of sugar, 1 spoonful of salt and ½ teaspoon of soda in a liter of boiled water. Instead of water, you can take a decoction of raisins. Give the solution you need every 2 hours for 50 ml. In addition to the solution, offer the child tea, broth of wild rose, rice broth, water, chicken broth.
If a child becomes ill with rotavirus infection, nutrition is very important. The speed of recovery also depends on the diet.