Oral health is of great importance for the normal functioning of the body as a whole. It's no secret that when a person loses certain functions, the work of all internal organs and systems is disrupted. Therefore, not only based on aesthetic considerations, a person is obliged to monitor the health of his teeth and mucous membranes of the oral cavity. If there are any problems, then the periodontist will come to the rescue. Who is this? Maybe someone first hears this term. This is precisely what will be discussed in this article.
Modern dentistry includes many sections of narrow specialization. One of them is periodontics. Its direction is to diagnose, treat various diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Attention is also paid to preventive measures aimed at preventing the disease.
What does the periodontist cure?
As we have already understood, these are soft tissues of the oral cavity. A specialist in this field of dentistry and there is a doctor-parodontologist. It turns out that in most cases, the loss of teeth, mankind is obliged to progress to gum disease. And here, in order to avoid terrible consequences, it is necessary at least to have information on the topic to begin with. After all, if a person is informed, it means that he is armed. So, what will the parodontologist deliver us from? This is gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontitis and many other ailments to which soft tissues of the oral cavity are exposed.
Causes for anxiety
According to statistics, most patients do not attach importance to the manifestations that occur on the mucous membranes in the mouth until they begin to seriously disturb them. Patients often watch that the teeth do not appear carious lesions and cavities. Only then they go to the dental office. Most often, there are problems with the gums, the patient is indicated by the dentist. The periodontist, however, provides qualified assistance if the disease diagnosed by the therapist is diagnosed. Knowing the main symptoms caused by gum ailments, we ourselves can be vigilant.
1. Inflammatory process on the gum.
2. Bleeding during hygienic procedures, meals or even without contact with anything hard.
3. Unpleasant sensations, expressed in the form of pain or itching.
4. Difficulty in chewing solid food.
5. Absence of gums.
6. Mobility of teeth.
7. Unpleasant odor from the mouth.
If any of these symptoms disturbs a person, then he needs to urgently go to see a specialist such as a periodontist. This all can be the beginning of a serious illness. And as you know, any ailment is easier to treat at the initial stage.
This is the most common form of gum disease in patients. Gingivitis is diagnosed when an inflammatory process is visualized on the edges of soft tissues that are adjacent to the teeth. Also, the areas between the teeth are affected and swelling in the form of papillae is formed. The cause of the inflammatory process is most often a banal neglect of hygienic procedures of the oral cavity. Soft and hard deposits on the teeth are a breeding ground for pathological microflora. If they are not removed in time, then the person develops gingivitis.
The disease is expressed in swelling, swelling and reddening of soft tissues. To this, bleeding gums and an unpleasant odor are added. Having found out these symptoms, it is necessary to go urgently to an appointment with a specialist. A good periodontist is able to quickly cope with the ailment under consideration. Do not try to treat the disease yourself. You can alleviate the condition, but you will not get good results. And all because the cause of the inflammatory process are the deposits on the teeth, respectively, first of all, they must be removed. This will be done by a dentist. The periodontist will follow the course of anti-inflammatory therapy after this procedure. If you let the situation run its course, you run the risk of encountering a more serious manifestation of the disease - periodontitis.
This is the next stage of the gingival inflammation process that results from neglected gingivitis. With parodontitis already deeper tissues are affected. Symptoms are aggravated, and treatment, by the way, is now not so simple. The disease is divided into several species. Everything depends on the area of the lesion, the severity and causes of the onset. Periodontitis can be localized and genitalized. In the first case, inflammation is formed on the site near one or more adjacent teeth. In the second case, the gum is affected almost along the entire length of the jawbone.
During the diagnosis, the expert asks the patient about his culinary preferences, about the presence of bad habits, about the lifestyle and the existing diseases. All this is necessary to know in order to make a more accurate picture of the situation. As in the case of gingivitis, the first step is to remove deposits on the teeth. Only after this, the periodontist takes the case. This treatment is considered complex. After removing the deposits, the doctor rinses around the pockets, applies the appliqués, gives recommendations on the topic of hygienic treatment of the oral cavity, rinses at home and, perhaps, advice on correcting the diet.
This disease is much more serious than previously described ailments. Fortunately, today not many patients start the course of the disease to such an extent. Statistics show that no more than 5-10% of the total number of patients is affected by periodontal disease. This disease is characterized not just an inflammatory process. Dystrophic changes occur in soft and hard tissues. This is an irreversible process. It's certainly not possible to engage in self-medication. Only the periodontist can help you. The patients' testimonies indicate that the quality of life improves after treatment. Modern technology allows you to work wonders.
It is worth noting that with this disease the symptoms are already radically different from those characteristic of gingivitis and periodontitis. The gums have a pale appearance due to dystrophic disturbances in the vascular system. Its edges can be so dropped that the teeth take a wedge shape. Basal neck of tooth is also seen. Bleeding may be absent, and painful sensations, by the way, too. It is this that can dull man's vigilance. At a certain stage of the disease, nothing particularly bothers him, except for aesthetic dentition and an unpleasant odor. But the disease is progressing. Then to these symptoms, the mobility of the teeth is added. They lose fixation and may even fall out. What does the periodontist do in this case?
It is undeniable that in the inflammatory processes of the gum, the patient needs qualified help. And if at the initial stages everything passes quickly, then when diagnosing the neglected phase of periodontitis or the beginning of periodontitis, cardinal measures should be applied. At the preparatory stage, deposits are removed and these sections are ground. Further, the dentist sanitizes the oral cavity. In the meantime, the periodontist begins to use anti-inflammatory therapy. The surgeon removes units that can not be restored. After this, the doctor becomes tasked with fixing the patient's loosened teeth so that he does not lose them. At this stage, the process can take an uncontrolled nature( if the disease is not treated).Loss of dental units can occur very quickly if no action is taken.
As a rule, doctors suggest the patient to apply the suture of mobile teeth. Thus, they are relieved of excessive load when chewing food. The doctor drills a groove along the teeth. It is packed with a single fiber ribbon. All this is filled with a light-permeable composite. During the procedure, not only the fixation of the sick units occurs, but also the correction of the aesthetics of the smile.
When a patient has lost part of the dentition, he is offered prosthetics. This is already done by a specialist orthodontist.
No one will take care of our health for us. Therefore, the burden of responsibility lies only on us. Care should be taken to monitor the oral cavity. In order to avoid the occurrence of inflammatory processes, it is necessary to perform tooth cleaning in a timely and appropriate manner. In addition, you must visit the dentist at least once every six months. Even if there are no problems with the teeth, at the reception you will be offered to perform professional cleaning of soft and hard deposits. You also need to monitor your diet. The food should contain a complex of all necessary microelements and vitamins. It is desirable to get rid of bad habits. Tobacco and alcohol do not contribute to the health of your gums.
Now we know who the parodentologist is and what he does. Having at least superficial information about oral diseases, each of us can prevent the development of serious ailments. If even minor symptoms of the inflammatory process appear, you should urgently go to see a doctor. Then everything will pass quickly and painlessly, and your teeth will remain in their place.