Sore throat when swallowing from one side: how and what to treat?
Throughout life, every person is faced with the fact that the sore throat when swallowing from one side or both. This symptomatology is often regarded as a sign of a common cold. Accordingly, special value discomfort is not given. But an unpleasant condition can signal not only a cold. In some cases, it indicates the development of more dangerous diseases. Let's look at what ailments can be discussed if the throat hurts from one side when swallowing. Than to treat these pathologies?
The main causes of
Most often the sore throat signals a cold disease. However, the question arises: why does the throat ache when swallowed from one side, and not from both? This selectivity indicates that the infection did not spread to the second amygdala. The cold is just beginning, which means that the treatment will not be very difficult.
But do not forget that it hurts the throat when swallowing on one side with many other pathologies. In these situations, unpleasant sensations indicate a site of localization of inflammation or infection.
The main pathologies that cause unilateral sore throat are:
- various tonsillitis;
- streptococci, causing the appearance of rash;
- tooth decay;
- otitis media of the middle ear;
- meningoencephalitis, meningitis;
- acute lymphadenitis;
- infectious ailments( measles, scarlet fever, chickenpox, rubella, diphtheria);
- oncological diseases.
If the throat hurts from the left side when swallowing and the discomfort is felt in the ear, most likely the cause is hidden in the otitis. It is possible to fight this disease only by complex measures. Unpleasant sensations, accompanied by nasal congestion, indicate the development of unilateral sinusitis.
If the right side of the throat hurts when swallowing, then often such symptoms signal about the presence of such ailments as angina, mumps, tuberculosis, meningitis, swelling of the cervical vertebra.
However, you can not exclude the usual muscle strain. Sometimes unpleasant discomfort can be provoked even by a draft.
Let us dwell on the most common causes that cause such an unpleasant, and sometimes painful, symptomatology.
Quite often the throat hurts from the left side when swallowed as a result of an inflammatory process that occurs in the tonsil and pharynx.
Pharyngitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- sore throat, worse during swallowing;
- dryness in the pharynx;
- feeling of burning, tingling;
- sensation of inadequate ingestion of food or saliva;
- frequent desire to drink water( especially during a conversation);
- ears, disappearing after swallowing saliva.
To select an effective treatment, it is necessary to determine what causes the pathology. It can be based on both viral and bacterial infection. Therefore, without consulting a doctor to determine adequate therapy is difficult.
For bacterial pharyngitis, antibiotics are prescribed. In the case of viral pathology, relief will come from NSAIDs: Ibuprofen, Paracetamol.
Symptomatic of laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx, taking place in acute or chronic form, causes extremely unpleasant sensations.
Often observed the following picture: a person has a sore throat when swallowing on one side, there is no temperature. This is characteristic of laryngitis and pharyngitis. These diseases can occur at normal temperature. Sometimes they provoke a slight increase.
For laryngitis, the symptoms are:
- dry throat;
- hoarseness of voice;
- Pershing, souring in the throat.
In some patients, during the inflammatory process, the voice may completely disappear.
Those people who have ever faced such a disease, firmly know that the pain in the throat is the very first and most characteristic symptom of pathology.
Angina is an infectious inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils. That is why at the initial stage of the disease the patient feels that his throat hurts from one side when swallowing.
Tonsillitis manifests itself and a number of other symptoms. These include:
- feeling of "brokenness";
- temperature increase;
- general malaise.
Sometimes, in the presence of tonsillitis, paratonsillitis may develop, in which aroundmygdala fiber is inflamed.
In this case the patient has the following complaints:
- sore throat when swallowed on one side and gives in the ear or teeth;
- discomfort is very strong, "tearing", intensifies when trying to swallow saliva;
- a slight increase in temperature.
Very rarely there is a pharyngeal tonsillitis. In this case, the patient feels that he has a sore throat when swallowing on one side and tongue. Discomfort can be felt in the throat from the top and bottom. Such a pathology needs adequate treatment. When the disease is inflamed the amygdala, located near the root of the tongue. Increasing, she threatens the patient with suffocation. You should immediately contact a doctor.
Sometimes a person complains that his throat hurts from the left side when swallowing, gives in the ear. The most common cause of such symptoms is otitis. In general, any ear disease can affect the larynx and nasopharynx.
Otitis is characterized by such symptoms:
- discomfort in the throat;
- shooting pain in the auricle;
- can be observed discharge from the ear( purulent);
- discomfort significantly increased by the evening and is most aggravated at night;
- unpleasant odor from the ear.
In this disease, as in tonsillitis, the patient needs adequate medication. Do not self-medicate. Progressing otitis media of the middle ear can be complicated by labyrinthitis, and sometimes by meningitis. In addition, a patient who ignores the advice of a doctor, runs the risk of completely losing his hearing.
Injury to the mucosa
This reason can not be ruled out, if the throat hurts when swallowed on the right side, there is no temperature. But if the left part of the throat is injured, respectively, the patient will have discomfort on this side.
The cause of the pathology may be chemical or thermal burn, mechanical damage to the mucosa, foreign object. If it is not a question of a small child, the patient will always be able to accurately indicate the source that caused the pain syndrome.
Symptomatology in mucosal trauma differs significantly from signs indicating an infectious disease. But if the measures taken are insufficient, then the patient is able to develop an inflammatory process involving a rise in temperature.
In this situation, you need to contact LOR.Therapy is to remove the damage. In addition, the patient should abandon hot, cold drinks, hard food.
Oncological diseases and tumors
This is the most terrible type of disease a patient can come across, feeling that his throat hurts when swallowed on one side.
Tumors of the tonsils, larynxes can cause quite a tangible discomfort. Benign neoplasms make it difficult to eat, cause pain while swallowing. Malignant process provokes constant or periodic discomfort in the affected area.
Similar pathologies are categorically forbidden to treat by domestic methods. It is very important to consult a doctor in a timely manner, hand over all the prescribed tests and a biopsy. Adequate treatment can be prescribed only by an oncologist.
First aid for pain
Only an expert can find the patient's treatment. However, there are symptomatic remedies that will bring relief to the patient if a visit to the doctor is currently difficult. However, remember, such medications can not be a full-fledged therapy.
So, let's consider if the throat hurts from one side when swallowing, than to treat this pathology.
For symptomatic therapy, the following sprays can be used:
The tablets( lollipops), designed to eliminate pain in the throat, will greatly alleviate the discomfort:
- "Tantum Verde".
The throat rinse procedure will provide an excellent effect. You can prepare broths from herbs of sage, oak bark, calendula, chamomile.
The pharmaceutical market offers patients such rinse products:
To reduce discomfort in the throat, remove swelling, get rid of heat, suppress inflammation, you can use such medicines as:
- Antipyretics. Use drugs based on paracetamol, such as "Panadol", "Efferalgan."
- Anti-inflammatory drugs. It is better to choose medicines based on ibuprofen or nimesulide. These are the following medicines: "Naise", "Ibuprofen", "Nimesulid", "Ibuklin", "Movalis".
- Antihistamines. Effective drugs: Loratadin, Erius, Zirtek, Clemastin, Telfast, Suprastin, Fenistil, Claritin.
However, remember that only the therapy that is directed at combating the cause that provoked discomfort is effective. Therefore, do not engage in self-medication, be sure to consult a doctor and take a survey. In this case, you can significantly earlier and more effectively defeat the developing disease.