Knee pads for knee joint fixing: description, sizes, reviews
The health of knee joints is very important for the normal movement of a person. With various diseases of the musculoskeletal system or injuries, each step can be accompanied by pain. Therefore, not only medication and physiotherapy methods are used for treatment. It is very important to protect the joint from movements and external influences. Previously, an elastic bandage or gypsum bandage was used for this. But now there are special knee pads for fixing the knee joint. They are made from different materials, have a different degree of protection and function. Such knee pads are used not only for arthrosis and after traumas. It is very important to protect joints from increased physical exertion to athletes and all people who spend a lot of time on their feet.
knee pads These locks are used to protect the damaged joint, reduce the load on it, to strengthen it and restore functions after injuries and surgeries. They can be used for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes. But using knee pads to fix the knee joint is only necessary on the advice of a doctor. Otherwise, they can disrupt blood circulation in the joint and aggravate the problem.
When special fixatives can be assigned:
- to limit joint mobility after injuries and surgeries;
- for fixing the affected knee, relieving pain and swelling;
- for inflammatory processes in the joints to reduce the load and reduce pain;
- in order to prevent damage during exercise and sports.
Useful action of
knee pads Such orthopedic devices accelerate the healing process for various joint diseases, protect against knee injuries and can replace gypsum. They strengthen or replace damaged or missing parts of the joint. Such locks also support the patient's motor activity in all diseases and injuries, without burdening the knee. In some cases, an additional warming and massage effect provides a properly selected knee to fix the knee joint. The patients' comments indicate that when using them, such effects appear:
- decreases pain;
- improves lymphatic drainage and blood circulation;
- is swelling;
- facilitates the movement of the joint;
- reduces the load;
- reduces inflammation.
What is made of the
knee pads Various materials are used to manufacture the fasteners. The most popular are the knee pads:
- of neoprene - an elastic material that fixes the joint well, is easy to use and maintain, has a warming effect, but can cause an allergic reaction;
- from Lycra, Polyester or Elastane - synthetic fabrics with high breathability, elastic and elastic;
- from cotton fixers are made only with the addition of additional materials to increase the elasticity and strength;
- made from dog wool make bandages for warming up joints.
Types of knee braces
They differ depending on the material from which they are made. There are knee pads also open and closed, rigid and elastic. They can have metal inserts, hinges, silicone rings, magnetic plates or even an infrared heating source.
For the purpose and functions to be performed, these knee joint knee joints are distinguished:
- bandage is an elastic compression corset that fixes the joint, warms it and reduces the load;
- orthosis looks like a bandage, but is more functional;
- caliper is used as a preventive measure that supports the joint and protects it from injury;
- brace is a hard corset that is used after injuries and operations, with arthrosis and other diseases, it immobilizes the joint and unloads it;
- tutor is a metal tire for rigid fixation in injuries and after operations;
- elastic bandage - familiar to many for a long time already the method of fixing the joint, which is convenient and easy to use;
- teip - a special elastic tape with an adhesive surface, which well reduces the load on muscles and ligaments.
bandages They are used for easy fixation of the joint. The bandage relieves the load well, but it does not fetter the movements. Therefore, this knee is often used to fix the knee joint for sport. Make bandages mainly from fabrics: cotton, knitwear or synthetics. Often they add woolen threads, which provide a warming effect.
What is an orthosis
From the bandage this device is characterized by the presence of additional structures. Orthoses are more functional and purposefully fix the joint depending on the cause of the problem. They can contain silicone rings or rigid inserts and ribs. Sometimes they consist of separate bands, have lateral hinges. Orthoses on the joint are fixed using elastic velcro fasteners.
Knee joint tread
This is a special tire designed for rigid and moderate fixation. It is more convenient than gypsum, with various injuries and surgeries. The tutor provides rigid fixation of the knee, but keeps the patient able to move. This is its advantage over the plaster bandage. After all, when using a tutor, the time to restore the joint function is reduced. This knee is a metal frame, covered with a knitted fabric. To improve air circulation, mesh inserts are often used. Tutors can have hinges that facilitate the movement of the patient without stress on the knee. These are the best orthopedic knee pads with joint trauma.
Application of the
brace This hard corset is used for complete immobilization of the knee. It has hinges on the sides, which allow the patient to move and do not load the knee. The stiffeners, covered with a soft neoprene fabric, help to perform the necessary movements without injuring the joint. Such knee pads are often used to fix the knee joint for arthrosis and osteoarthritis, after fracture or surgery.
This kind of bandage of moderate stiffness is recommended for use by people engaged in sports or simply leading an active lifestyle. It helps to prevent the risk of injury. The support protects and fixes not only the joint itself, but also the patella, lateral muscles and ligaments.
Before the medical industry began to produce a large number of special orthopedic products, an elastic bandage has long been used to fix the knee joint. Bandaging has not lost its popularity. This is a convenient and effective way to relieve the joint, reduce the load when playing sports, it relieves pain and does not cause any inconvenience. Elastic bandage does not slip, and it can be used many times. The main thing is to put it right. Band knitting is carried out by the "turtle bandage" method. In this case, a convenient and effective knee to fix the knee joint is obtained. The photo will help you learn how to properly apply a bandage yourself. The main thing is not to pull it too hard, so that blood circulation in the joint does not break.
This is a unique method of treatment with a special elastic tape with an adhesive surface. When properly applied, the teips do not pinch the joint and do not bind the movements, but, on the contrary, they carry out the skin micromassage. They are made of cotton, because wearing such tapes is comfortable. With the help of tapping, the joint can be fixed and protected from injury. It helps relieve pain, swelling and bruising. The influence of teip improves the circulation of blood and lymph. Sometimes it is recommended to apply tapes in stretched form. As a result, skin folds are formed under them, which helps to remove joint pain.
Children's knee pads for fixing the knee joint
Babies are more prone to injury, and their ligaments are weak. In some cases, after examining the orthopedist, they may be assigned to wear special knee pads - soft children's bandages. They protect the knee from injury and help improve blood circulation in the joint. And for children with cerebral palsy, wearing special orthopedic devices helps to facilitate the movement process. To choose a knee for the child is rather difficult, so often they are made to order on individual sizes. For temporary rehabilitation after injuries, children can use elastic fasteners.
How to choose the
knee pads These fixatives are selected depending on the purpose of their use and according to the doctor's recommendations. Orthopedic adaptations must necessarily correspond to individual parameters of the joint. It is not recommended to choose a knee joint for fixation of the knee joint. The dimensions of such structures are different and determined by precise measurements. Incorrectly selected retainer can only do harm. After all, he must tightly fit his knee and firmly hold the joint, but do not squeeze it. If the knee is larger in size, it will slip and will not be able to perform its functions.
Buy orthopedic products need in special salons or departments of pharmacies. Be sure to have a certificate and quality assurance knee to fix the knee joint. Krasnodar and other major cities provide a large selection of such devices. Specialists directly at the pharmacy will help to take measurements and determine what size to buy. The leg is measured just above the knee( centimeters by 15).To determine the size, international standards are used:
- is the smallest - S - used for hip circumference up to 44 centimeters;
- M - from 44 to 54 cm;
- L - 54-60 cm;
- XL - 60-67 cm;
- is the largest size XXL - with a hip circumference more than 67 cm.
But in any case it is advisable to measure the knee before use. Only if it is comfortable, it will be able to benefit.
Care for orthopedic products
To ensure that the knee joints last for a long time and do not lose their effectiveness, all the rules of operation prescribed in the instruction must be observed. The main thing is not to damage them when washing. To do this:
- wash knee pads only manually, in warm water, without the use of chemicals;
- it is necessary to dry them in the decomposed form to prevent deformation;
- can not iron orthopedic products.
Reviews on the use of different fixatives
Especially often buy inexpensive elastic knee pads with a warming effect. They can be used without prescribing a doctor, just by picking up your size. Such knee pads are made of cotton or polyester and contain dog or camel wool. Those who used them, note that they warm the joint well. This reduces pain and makes it easier to move. Buy them mostly elderly people suffering from arthrosis. But athletes, lovers of outdoor activities and summer residents respond positively to such knee pads. More expensive fixatives buy on the advice of a doctor. In this case, negative feedback occurs only if the knee is selected incorrectly. Then it can obstruct the movement and aggravate the problem with the joints. Many positive reviews about children's protective knee pads. They do not cause inconvenience to the child, but effectively protect the knees from injuries.
When using orthopedic products, it is very important to follow all the doctor's recommendations. You can not wear knee pads for more than 3 hours a day, so wear them only if exercising exercise therapy or with increased physical exertion.