Hectic fever: symptoms, diseases, treatment
What is hectic fever? Is this pathological condition dangerous and how to treat it? These and other questions will be answered in the article submitted.
Basics of the pathological symptom of
What is the characteristic of a hectic type of fever? Until recently, such a pathological condition people were referred to as a disease characterized by a significant increase in body temperature. However, modern medicine classifies it not as a separate disease, but as a kind of reaction to various stimuli, which are certain pyrogenic substances.
Thus, it can be safely noted that hectic fever is a pathological process that aims to protect and adapt the body. At the same time, it should be specially noted that without the supervision of doctors this condition carries a rather serious threat to the life of the patient.
Origin and list of diseases
Hectic fever is typical for many ailments. Before listing them, it is necessary to reveal why such a state generally arises.
As is known, hyperthermia is a polyethological secondary state. The process of restructuring in the work of the center of thermoregulation begins with the activity of certain pyrogenic substances in the body. The latter are divided into exogenous, or infectious, and non-infectious, that is, endogenous.
So why develop a hectic fever?
When does it occur? This pathological condition can develop for 2 different reasons. Consider them right now:
- Infectious process, manifested in the form of inflammatory diseases. These include tuberculosis, influenza, sepsis of blood, as well as internal organs.
- Non-infectious origin. Such a condition can cause tissue necrosis, oncology, allergies, blood transfusions and internal hemorrhages.
The main symptoms of
Hectic fever can manifest itself in different ways. Its symptoms are divided into general and particular. Since there are common signs of fever? For this condition are characterized:
- increase in body temperature;
- lowering of blood pressure;
- increased respiration and increased heart rate;
- development of migraine attacks, aching muscles and joints;
- drying of the oral mucosa, a constant thirst;
- decrease in daily diuresis;
- loss of appetite.
With regard to particular symptoms, they depend on the rate of increase in body temperature. For its gradual recovery is characteristic:
- moderate chills;
- redness of the skin;
- feeling of heat and stuffiness;
- increased sweating.
In this case, the rapid increase in temperature is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- short-term and severe attacks of chills;
- pallor of the skin;
- feeling cold;
- cyanosis of the nail plates.
Features of fever and their types
As mentioned above, the debilitating type of fever is hectic characteristic of tuberculosis, influenza, sepsis, tissue necrosis, oncology, allergies, blood transfusion and internal hemorrhages. However, it should be noted that in addition to this type, experts identify and other forms of fever( depending on what temperature differences are observed during the day).They include a constant, laxative, intermittent, wavy, perverse, recurrent and incorrect.
Of all the above, hectic fever is the most severe and life-threatening patient. This is due to the fact that it is characterized by sharp temperature jumps of three degrees or more.
In official medicine, in addition to the causes of fever, it is common to identify several more criteria that allow to classify this pathological phenomenon.
With a total length of fourteen days, the body's response to certain diseases is called acute, up to one and a half months - subacute, and what is over - chronic.
According to the body temperature, within which it falls or increases, the fever is classified as follows:
- from 41 ° C and above - excessive fever;
- within 39-40.9 ° C - high;
- up to 38-38,9 ° C - febrile;
- within 37-37,9 ° C is subfebrile.
Hematologic debilitating fever develops in many diseases. For their treatment, it is sufficient to accurately diagnose the pathological process and its origin. It should be especially noted that the symptoms of this phenomenon may be similar to other feverish conditions, as well as solar or thermal shock.
Thus, for the diagnosis of debilitating fever and the disease that caused it, the patient takes urine and blood samples for a general analysis. In addition, they take pictures of the chest with an X-ray machine and conduct an ECG.
If these methods of investigation are not enough to make an accurate diagnosis, then resort to more complex methods. These include a computerized tomography or a biopsy of certain body fluids and tissues.
According to the experts, therapy for hectic fever should fulfill two goals:
- to support the normal functioning of internal organs, including respiratory, excretory and cardiac;
- to fight hyperthermia.
For such treatment, doctors use not only medicines, but also physical influence on the sick organism. The patient is released from all clothing and laid in bed, slightly lifting his head.
To cool the patient's body, compresses are applied to his wrists and forehead in the form of moistened bandages or ice packs. Also, the patient is wiped with a 3% vinegar solution. In addition, air conditioning or a fan can be used to blow a person's body.
In an inpatient setting, the patient is treated with water enemas and gastric gastric lavage. All infusion solutions intended for intravenous use are pre-cooled.
When hectic fever is very important to monitor the temperature of the patient's body, so it is measured every hour.
From drugs to the patient prescribed antiallergic and antipyretics in the form of intramuscular injections. These medicines include "Ibrufen", as well as its analogs, acetylsalicylic acid and solutions of "Analgin" with "Suprastin" or "Dimedrolum".
With increased excitability, the patient is prescribed lytic mixtures or "Aminazine".In the event of cardiac arrest or respiratory failure, specialists carry out resuscitation measures.