Paracottus: symptoms in children, treatment and prevention
What is a paracolex? Symptoms in children, treatment of this ailment and the causes of its occurrence will be presented below. Also we will tell you about what measures should be taken to avoid the development of this disease.
Paracoaches in children is a fairly common infection. However, in fairness, it should be noted that such a disease develops much less frequently than whooping cough. Such diseases are completely unrelated to each other. Most often parakoklyshom sick children 3-6 years old and very rarely toddlers up to a year and adolescents.
What is parakoklyush?
Symptoms in children, treatment of this disease should be determined only by an experienced pediatrician.
Paracolism is a disease of an acute nature and of an infectious origin. It is characterized by a stubborn, dry and paroxysmal cough, as well as tracheobronchitis.
The symptoms of the disease in question are very similar to the clinical picture of a mild pertussis. Usually, after the disease has been transferred, a persistent and type-specific immunity is formed in a person. Re-infection is not possible, or its risk is low.
Transmission routes and causes of the disease
The causative agent of the disease under consideration is Bordetella parapertussis. It is a stick of paraculation, which has the same pathogenic properties as a pertussis wand. It should be noted that it is distinguished by some cultural and biochemical features.
How is paracoids transmitted( symptoms in children, treatment will be discussed below)?The source of infection is a sick child, and sometimes a carrier. Infection is transmitted by airborne droplets.
The disease under consideration is characterized by periodic outbreaks of morbidity, as well as epidemic outbreaks in kindergartens and schools.
Forms of infectious disease
What forms does the disease have such as paracottus? Symptoms in children, treatment of this disease depend on the type of developed pathology. Specialists distinguish several forms of paraculation:
- is atypical( asymptomatic, bacteriocarrier, erased form).
It should also be noted that this disease can occur:
- in a moderate form;
- light form.
Depending on the complications, the disease under consideration is subdivided:
- into uncomplicated( with smooth flow);
- complicated( with the attachment of secondary infection or exacerbation of chronic diseases).
Paracottus: symptoms in children
Treatment, feedback and advice on the prevention of this disease will be discussed below.
The incubation period of this disease lasts for 4-14 days. The clinical picture of paraculation is characterized by the presence of three periods of development of pathological features. The first symptoms, or the so-called catarrhal period, can be confused with the manifestations of influenza or acute respiratory disease:
- perspiration and sore throat;
- dry cough;
- slight rhinitis.
This period lasts for 3-5 days. Next comes the spasmodic period. It is characterized by the following symptoms:
- with atypical form shows a moist and persistent cough with sputum discharge;
- with pertussis-like flow in the patient observed paroxysmal cough, which ends with a wheezing or vomiting( attacks occur no more than 7 times a day).
According to the doctors, coughing attacks develop due to mechanical stimuli, excessive activity or nervous overexertion.
Usually the duration of the spasmodic period does not exceed two weeks.
During the reverse development of the disease, the cough weakens, and then disappears completely( in about 3 days).At the same time, the temperature of the child remains normal. As for the catarrhal and spasmodic period, with them, the baby may have a subfebrile condition.
What complications can paracoaches cause? Symptoms( and treatment) in children of this disease are known to every pediatrician, and pathology should be detected on time. This is due to the fact that the disease in question can cause serious complications, which are associated with the attachment of a secondary infection.
Most often with paraconiae, respiratory diseases develop, including pleurisy, pneumonia and bronchitis. There are also complications such as pneumothorax, emphysema and prolapse of the rectum.
How is it diagnosed?
If your baby has a severe dry cough and does not have elevated body temperature, then immediately consult a specialist( ENT, pulmonologist, pediatrician or infectious disease specialist).
In the statement of the correct diagnosis, information about the last contact of a child with a sick person is of great importance. Also, the baby is recommended to take tests for pertussis and paracottus.
In children, the following tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis:
- bacterial culture of a smear taken from the posterior pharyngeal wall;
- chest X-ray;
- a blood test for the presence of antibodies to paracolus.
How to treat paracussis in children? The doctor will tell you about it in detail. In most cases, the therapy of such a disease is performed on an outpatient basis. However, in some situations, the child is still hospitalized. As a rule, this happens if the baby is not yet three years old or the disease is extremely severe. In addition, the child is observed only in the hospital, if he has any serious complications.
According to the statements of experienced specialists, there is no specific treatment for such a disease. However, for relief of unpleasant symptoms, doctors recommend the following measures:
- vitamin therapy, desensitizing treatment;
- providing in the room where the patient is, the optimal microclimate, that is, wet and cool air;
- oxigenobarotherapy, regular inhalation with moist air through a nebulizer;
- frequent walks in the open air( preferably away from motorways).
As mentioned above, there is no specific treatment for pediatric paraculation. However, doctors still prescribe to the kids certain medications.
From medicines to the prescription of specialists, sick children can use:
- "Tussin Plus" or "Broncholitin"( especially in the catarrhal period);
- antibiotic agents( macrolides) in case of a complicated course of the disease( only for children under one year old).
It can not be said that the following procedures are actively used in paracottis:
Specialists say that during the course of such a disease it is extremely important to refuse to take solid food in the form of biscuits, biscuits, hard fruits and vegetables. Also, it is necessary to refrain from active activities and games that can contribute to the development of paroxysmal coughing.
Now you know what pertussis and paracottus are. Differences in children were presented a little higher.
As in the case of treatment, there is no specific prophylaxis for such a disease. Preventive measures should be aimed at preventing the spread of infection in the children's team. For this, the sick kid is isolated for 25 days from the moment of onset of the disease. At the same time, contact persons undergo bacteriological examination at least twice.
If an infection occurs in kindergartens or school establishments, they are quarantined for a period of two weeks.
Expert advice and feedback
To avoid infecting other children with paracolition, when walking with a sick child, it is strictly forbidden to contact them.
According to the doctors' reviews, vaccination against pertussis does not protect the child from paraculation.
To humidify the air in the room where the patient is, it is enough to open the windows and hang wet towels or sheets. In such circumstances, the transfer of the disease, in particular paroxysmal cough, will be much easier.
Specialists do not advise parents to leave a child's cough without proper attention. After all, this symptom very often indicates the development of serious and severe infectious diseases. At the first signs of a child's ailment, it is necessary to immediately show the pediatrician or to some other specialist of a narrow focus in order to avoid the spread of infection and the development of various complications.