Prosthesis removable full: advantages and disadvantages
Sooner or later a person faces the problem of losing teeth. This is mainly due to age-related changes in the body. The solution to this issue is dentures. How to choose the best, because each of their kind has its pros and cons?
What to choose - removable or non-removable dentures?
After examining the oral cavity, the dentist can decide which dentures to put to the patient - removable or non-removable. The decision it takes depends on the clinical picture and the individual situation. Prosthesis removable full apply in the absence of oral cavity of all teeth. Usually such a need arises in the elderly who lose their teeth due to age-related changes. Such prostheses are a complete imitation of natural teeth and parts of the jaw. Modern manufacturing techniques and materials allow them to perform at a high level, making them look like natural teeth. They are attached to special locks to the gum, they can be removed at any time and put on.
Fixed prostheses do not have this function, they can only be removed by a specialist in the dental clinic. Prosthetics occurs in two ways: either by implantation - by surgical insertion of the metal rod into the gum, or by grinding a healthy tooth and attaching it to the medical cement of the crown or bridge. In the case of complete loss of teeth, the latter method can not be realized, it is only possible to use implants. But the materials used and the work itself are expensive, and rehabilitation after surgery takes a long time. Therefore, removable dentures are usually used. With a complete lack of teeth, this is a more economical and convenient option.
Types of removable dentures
Removable dentures have two varieties: lamellar and clasp. Plate-shaped removable dentures are the so-called false teeth in the people, imitating their structure and appearance with teeth with gums. Such prostheses are made to order individually for each patient, so that the internal contours adjacent to the gum are as comfortable as possible in wearing. There is an opinion that a complete removable prosthesis is uncomfortable and can fall out of the mouth. But this is not at all true when it comes to a quality modern product.
Clasp dentures are made on a different principle. They are based on a metal arc, on which are located artificial teeth. This option can be used for partial loss of several teeth in a row or in the absence of them. At the edges of the arch, there are locks that hold the prosthesis firmly in place. Currently, such a product is used rarely in the complete absence of teeth, mostly with partial teeth.
Materials for the manufacture of removable dentures
Modern prosthesis removable full specialists are made of high-quality plastic, acrylic or nylon. Acrylic plastics are lightweight construction with durability and durability. The shade of teeth and gums is selected individually, as is the shape of the jaw. The lower one rests on the alveolar process, the upper support is the gum.
Nylon dentures are a relatively new material, more expensive, but also having its undeniable advantages. Such products are easily confused with natural teeth, they look very natural. In addition, nylon used in dentistry, soft and flexible, allows you to quickly get used to the prosthesis. The fasteners are made of the same material and securely hold it in your mouth. Which removable full prosthesis is better? The opinions of patients on this subject are different, because each species has its pros and cons.
Advantages of acrylic prostheses
Prosthesis removable full of acrylic plastic has the following advantages:
- The construction of such material has a small weight, it is very light and does not cause discomfort when worn( of course, the first time will be inconvenient until the rehabilitation period passes).
- Identical to natural teeth, the difference is almost invisible to others, the color of the gum is selected under natural.
- Affordable price. Acrylic plastic is practical and aesthetic, but inexpensive.
- Easy to put on and remove. It is convenient during the care of the prosthesis that they need. Remove them at night for cleaning and disinfection or rinsed after eating - such actions will not be difficult.
- Wear resistance. Acrylic dentures are less susceptible to mechanical damage. But if you drop them on a hard surface, they can crash.
- The chewing load is distributed evenly over the gum.
- Suitable for people of any age.
- The manufacture of individual prostheses takes a little time.
Disadvantages of acrylic
Acrylic prosthesis removable full has a number of drawbacks:
- May cause allergic reactions with prolonged wearing. During the manufacture of an acrylic prosthesis, a special liquid is used, which is necessary in production, but is an allergen.
- Injuries to the oral mucosa are possible.
- On the surface over time, accumulation of accumulated food and drinks. This is due to the structure of the acrylic plastic - it has a porous structure. Therefore, inflammatory processes in the oral cavity can not be ruled out because of the formed plaque.
Advantages of nylon
High-quality material - a new one, but already had time to prove itself from the positive side among patients and dentists. It has such advantages:
- Hypoallergenicity. The material does not cause any reactions, is not toxic and absolutely safe for humans.
- Another name for them is an invisible prosthesis. This is due to their impeccable aesthetic appearance. They are indistinguishable from natural teeth, the interlocutor does not guess about the presence of the prosthesis, since the fasteners are made of the same material and are imperceptible from the side.
- The fixtures reliably hold the prosthesis, which eliminates the need for additional fixing agents such as creams and gels.
- With careful use, these prostheses will last for several years. Despite the fact that this material is flexible and soft, the prosthesis is quite strong and reliable. If you follow the rules for their use and do not treat negligently, nothing will happen to them.
- Nylon dentures removable with a complete absence of teeth have a less long time of habituation than other types of removable products. The sensation of a foreign body in the mouth goes away quickly.
Do nylons have cons?
For all its convenience and beauty, a complete removable dental prosthesis of nylon has also opponents who respond not in favor of its use. What is it related to:
- Its texture is very delicate, subject to scratches and even to changes in pigmentation. To prevent this from happening, you need to treat it carefully, follow all the rules for care prescribed by the dentist. Nylon requires special treatment, it can not be cleaned with conventional brushes and pastes, it is better to use only special products.
- If scratches are still formed, the prosthesis will have a property to absorb the smells and color the color of the food consumed.
- Because of the plasticity and flexibility of nylon, atrophy of the jaw bone can develop, as a result, the prosthesis will rub the mucosa and cause discomfort, but this is a purely individual reaction.
- High price. Nylon is an order of magnitude more expensive than acrylic.
Which dentures are better? How to choose?
Let's find out how to choose the right product. What are the most popular in use complete removable dentures? Which are better? Everyone chooses the product for himself, weighing all the pros and cons of using a particular type of prosthesis. Advantages and disadvantages can be combined into a table for convenience of comparison.
Can deform with time
Porous structure causes accumulation of plaque
Structure is not porous, plaque does not form
Can emit toxins and allergens
Not toxic, hypoallergenic
Easy to remove. Can be used for fixing
Fastening is reliable, no additional tools are used
As for the choice between removable and non-removable dentures, various factors play a role here. A dentist may recommend the use of removable dentures because of a patient's personal contraindications to non-removable dentures. This can be the age( fixed prosthesis is not installed for children and the elderly) or a number of diseases( diabetes, tuberculosis, blood problems, and so on).Yes, and the patient himself can refuse the use of surgery in favor of a removable prosthesis. To get used in any case, it takes time. The period of adaptation must be experienced and endured, and then new teeth, whether removable or non-removable, will be like family.