Aminophenylbutyric acid: instructions, application, feedback
Obsessive anxiety, insomnia, neuroses, fear and anxiety are all signs of nervous illness. To eliminate them, you should always contact an experienced specialist. The latter is obliged to conduct a complete examination, and then appoint the appropriate treatment.
Quite often to eliminate these conditions use drugs that are based on an active substance, such as aminophenylbutyric acid. About what medicines it contains, how much it costs and how it affects the patient's body, we'll tell in this article.
Pharmacological characteristics of the antipsychotic
Aminophenylbutyric acid affects GABA receptors that are located in the central nervous system. It greatly facilitates GABA-mediated transmission of impulses and improves the biologic-energy processes occurring in the brain.
In addition, this substance eliminates anxiety, fear, tension and anxiety. It improves the quality of sleep, prolongs, and also potentiates the action of analgesics( narcotic), hypnotics and neuroleptic drugs.
Funds based on this component increase mental performance, reduce manifestations of such vasovegetative symptoms as a feeling of heaviness in the head, emotional lability, headache, irritability and insomnia.
Also aminophenylbutyric acid reduces the signs of asthenia, improves the speed of sensorimotor reactions, memory, accuracy and attention. Her reception increases interest in work, gives a good mood.
Nootropic action has all the antipsychotics. And the substance is not an exception. It reduces the duration and severity of nystagmus, and also increases the latent period.
Kinetics of the drug
Aminophenylbutyric acid, analogues of which are presented below, is well absorbed from the digestive tract and penetrates into all organs and tissues. Approximately 0.1% of the dose used is found in the brain tissues. By the way, this indicator in elderly people is much higher.
Metabolism of this substance occurs in the liver. As a result, inactive derivatives are formed.
Approximately 5% of the drug in question is excreted in urine. In the human body, it is not cumulated.
Indications for the reception of tablets
Nootropic action of aminophenylbutyric acid, as well as other properties of this ingredient, are extremely necessary for the treatment of:
- asthenic syndrome;
- anxiety-neurotic conditions( eg, anxiety, fear and anxiety);
- obsessive-compulsive disorder;
- vestibular disorders of vascular, traumatic and infectious origin( including Meniere's disease);
- night alarm and insomnia in elderly patients;
- of the otogenous labyrinthite;
- premedication before surgery;
- teak, stuttering, enuresis in children.
It should also be noted that aminophenylbutyric acid, the price of which depends on the type of medication, is used for the prevention of withdrawal alcohol syndrome( in complex therapy) and motion sickness with kinetosis.
Contraindications to the use of medicament
This substance has virtually no contraindications. It should not be prescribed only with hypersensitivity.
Instructions for use and dosage of the drug
Aminophenylbutyric acid is administered orally after a meal. People older than 14 years of age are recommended to take it three times a day for 0.26-0.5 g. If necessary, the dose can be increased to 2.5 g per day. Duration of treatment is three weeks. Persons over 60 years of age for one appointment is prescribed not more than 0.5 g of the drug.
Adolescents aged 8-14 years give 0.26 grams of medication, and up to eight years - 0.05-0.01 g three times a day.
The largest single dose for adults is 0.76 g. Patients older than 60 years - 0.5 g, adolescents 8-14 years - 0.26 g, and children under 8 years - 0.15 g.
WhenMénière's disease and otogenous labyrinthite during the exacerbation of the drug is prescribed four times a day for 0.75 grams throughout the week.
With decreasing symptoms of vestibular disorders, the medication is recommended to be taken three times a day for 0.26-0.5 g for 7 days, and then for 0.26 g( once a day) for 5 days.
In diseases that occur in mild form, the drug is prescribed twice a day for 0.26 g for a week, and then - once a day for ten days.
For withdrawal of withdrawal symptoms at the beginning of therapy, it is advised to take 0.26-0.5 of the drug in the daytime and 0.75 g for the night.
With dizziness, as well as with disrupted work of the vestibular analyzer of vascular or traumatic origin, medicament is prescribed three times a day for 0.26 g for 2 days.
For the prevention of motion sickness aminophenylbutyric acid is given to the patient once in a dose of 0.26-0.5 g 60 minutes prior to travel.
Features of the use of the antipsychotic
With prolonged use of the medication requires monitoring of liver function and peripheral blood picture.
This tool should be used with caution drivers of vehicles and those whose work is related to the speed of motor and mental reactions.
With severe symptoms of motion sickness( vomiting, dizziness and others), the drug is ineffective.
Side effects of
Patients with aminophenylbutyric acid may develop drowsiness, dizziness, and headache. It can also cause nausea, anxiety, increased irritability, allergic reactions and agitation.
Aminophenylbutyric acid is able to prolong and potentiate the action of analgesics( narcotic).Similarly, it affects neuroleptics, hypnotics and antiepileptic drugs, as well as anti-Parkinsonian drugs.
Which medications do aminophenylbutyric acid use? Analogs of this agent may contain a different amount of said substance. Therefore, for their appointment should always refer to a specialist.
Drugs with such an active ingredient include: "Phenibut", "Anvifen", "Noofen".
The price of these funds is not very high. It is about 180-190 rubles.
Doctors' comments on aminophenylbutyric acid are rare. Most experts leave messages about specific drugs that contain this substance. Most of them are positive.
The disadvantages of this neuroleptic are the presence of a large number of side effects, as well as the inability to use in young children. Although experts say that with the right dosage, this drug can not harm the baby's body.