What should I do if my gum falls?
There is such a violation in dentistry - the gum dropped. Than to treat this disease, it is necessary to know, as it can provoke loosening and abaissement of a tooth. This disease is a shift of the gum from the neck of the tooth to its surface. Often the disease occurs without obvious signs of inflammation. An exception is only a violation, when the root of the tooth is bare during the course of periodontitis.
The main causes of
So, more. If the gum dropped, the reason for this may be an insufficiently large area of attachment to the neck of the tooth. In this case, absolutely any traumatic factors can provoke its displacement. In addition, among the main factors of the problem can be identified the following:
- diabetes mellitus;
- cervical osteochondrosis;
The disease can develop due to an anomaly of the occlusion, which leads to injuries to the gums during chewing, and also prevents normal cleaning of the teeth. Important in the process of development of anomalies is the accumulation of pathogenic microorganisms and the formation of deposits on the teeth. Violation can be observed after the treatment of teeth.
Types of omission of the gums
But in order. Gum dropped, teeth are loose, aching pain - all these signs can often disturb patients. A similar disease is divided into several species classified according to such characteristics as:
- pathological process spread;
- the presence of a causal factor.
On the spread of the pathological process - it can affect one or several teeth at once. In addition, such a disorder can cover the entire oral cavity. By the presence of a causal factor - the disease is divided into symptomatic, physiological, traumatic.
The main symptoms of
Next. If the gum dropped, the symptoms of this disease are quite obvious. Therefore, it is possible to detect the problem in time and immediately take appropriate measures. Among the initial signs of the disease should be identified such as:
- pain in the root of the tooth;
- inflammation and redness of the gums;
- gum bleeding.
If timely measures are not taken, the symptomatology will grow even more. At the same time, teeth begin to loosen, an unpleasant odor from the mouth appears, and a strong inflammatory process is also observed. Almost in all cases, this condition is accompanied by sensitivity of the teeth, because if the gums drop, the teeth become bare and become more susceptible to external factors. If you have any unpleasant symptoms, you should immediately contact a doctor for treatment.
It is important to know what to treat if the gums are sagged and sore, as it is important to provide timely help. There are several different methods of treatment, in particular, such as:
- use of folk remedies.
Drug treatment is characterized by the fact that various vitamins, hormones, immunostimulating, anti-inflammatory drugs are used. The choice of drugs must necessarily be done by the attending physician, taking into account the main causes of the problems.
If the gum has dropped, physiotherapy techniques are used for the treatment. What kind? Those that help raise the gum and prevent its subsequent omission. To this end, the following applies:
- oxygen treatment;
- ultrasound therapy.
The most effective physiotherapy techniques in combination with other areas of treatment. When the gum dropped, you can return it back by correcting this violation. Depending on the nature of the course of the disease, the installation of an artificial crown, an implant or the wearing of a bracket system can be shown.
If the destruction of the gum is too much and the tooth's mobility is too strong, surgical intervention is considered the only possible method of therapy. A good result can be obtained with the use of traditional therapy, but such techniques can be used only if pathological changes have not gone too far.
If the gingiva is lowered due to a calculus, symptomatic therapy involves removing various deposits, splinting, sealing. And that's not it. With a strong sensitivity of the teeth, profound fluorination and elimination of enamel defects are carried out. In some cases, a filling material of the appropriate shade is used.
In the presence of an inflammatory process, surgical cleaning is performed. In addition, rinsing with antiseptics is prescribed, in particular, such as "Octenidin", "Miramistin", "Listerin".The use of antimicrobial agents, such as "Sebidine", "Grammidine", is shown. In the absence of contraindications immunomodulators are prescribed. It is recommended to use vitamin complexes with calcium.
Treatment with folk remedies
Other options. If the gum has dropped, the means of traditional medicine will help to cope with this problem. Very well help with drugs such as:
- tincture of air and propolis;
- herbal medicinal herbs;
- juice of plants;
- shell of walnut.
You can prepare home remedies for cleaning your teeth and gum massage. To do this, you can use tooth powder, salt, soda. Well help to cope with the disease home-made ointments. It is not difficult to find the right option. Special inflammations with aloe can help to eliminate inflammation and cope with the descent of the gums.
Carrying out the operation
The operation is aimed at restoring the gums and closing the bare area of the tooth. A standard method of therapy is the conduct of patchwork operations. Individual flaps help to close the tooth defect.
If the atrophy of the gum is too strong, the gingival autograft is used. The implant is obtained from a portion of the hard palate. Such a technique is much worse tolerated by patients and threatens scarring.
Contraindications to the operation of
Complete elimination of the descent of the gum is possible only with the help of surgical intervention. However, there are a number of specific contraindications to the operation, in particular, such as:
- poor oral hygiene;
- presence of somatic diseases;
- complex inflammatory processes;
- anesthesia intolerance.
All these contraindications are relative. That's why you should always consult a doctor.
In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules. If the bite is broken, the problem needs to be eliminated as quickly as possible, since this can lead not only to the omission of the gum, but also to many other problems.
It is very important to maintain oral hygiene, use a soft brush for cleaning teeth. In addition, it is not recommended to abuse sweet foods, as they lead to the destruction of tooth enamel.