A blood test for HIV can be taken

The World Health Organization is alarmed by the high rate of spread of the human immunodeficiency virus, which affects people around the world. The syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency is considered a real plague of the 21st century, because it has not been possible to find the treatment so far.

The immunodeficiency virus is transmitted from person to person, but you can get infected not only from the really sick person, but also from the latent carrier of infection. Regular delivery of HIV tests can protect if not already infected person, the people around him who may not be aware of the danger that may threaten their health.

How is passed

The most common way of transmission of infection is sexual contact, which occurs without barrier means of contraception. The second most frequent way is through the blood, for example, if there are violations of safety measures with blood transfusion or when using only needles for injections, dental instruments, surgical means. To pass the virus can even a minimal amount of blood, invisible to the naked eye. Also, quite often, infection occurs from a sick mother to an unborn baby. That's why a blood test for HIV should be done for preventive purposes, because sometimes a person may not even suspect that he has become infected.

For what it is necessary to take the analysis of

Although it is impossible to fully cure the immune deficiency syndrome, a blood test for HIV will allow to identify the virus in time and start supporting therapy that can significantly improve the patient's quality of life and increase its duration. There are also experimental methods for treating AIDS, but for most people they are often inaccessible because of the high cost of the drugs.

The patient's condition is often complicated by oncological diseases and secondary infections, so he needs constant medical supervision. As the immune system turns off, even a common runny nose can kill a person, so an AIDS patient should be extremely cautious. It is also necessary to regularly give a general blood test for HIV, which will help monitor the operation of the bone marrow and control the rate of destruction of immunity.

When and how to pass the

analysis Since the HIV virus has a fairly long incubation period, it is necessary to take the analysis 3 months after unprotected intercourse with the non-regular partner, and if the partner is permanent, then every six months for repeat prophylaxis. The blood test for HIV is mandatory when planning pregnancy or when registering with a woman's consultation and pre-operative training. It is also desirable to pass the test if there was a risk of infection due to the use of non-sterile injection needles or other tools.

Where you can test yourself for HIV

A routine blood test for HIV can be performed in a manipulation room at polyclinics and hospitals, blood sampling is performed on an empty stomach, blood is taken from the ulnar vein. In addition, anyone can apply to the regional AIDS center, where in the shortest time they will conduct the necessary analysis. If desired, this analysis can be carried out anonymously, the results become known within a maximum of 10 days. If they are indistinct, you may have to retake the analysis, but you should not worry in advance.

If the result of the analysis turns out to be positive, the patient needs to turn to specialists in the AIDS center who will select the appropriate therapy for him and provide him with the necessary medications. Even the diagnosis of the immunodeficiency syndrome does not end life, even with the virus you can live long happy years.