Mycosis of the nails on the legs: treatment with medicines and folk remedies
Fungal diseases should in no case be ignored. They need to get rid of as quickly as possible, and do it under the supervision of a dermatologist. Self-medication in this case is highly undesirable, since incorrectly selected medications can either be completely ineffective, or bring only a short-term improvement.
In the article we will consider such concept as mycosis of the nails on the legs: treatment, symptoms and ways of preventing the appearance of such trouble.
Symptoms of fungus
Before considering ways to get rid of the problem, it is worth familiar with its symptoms.
Fungus( mycosis) of the nail can manifest itself in the form:
- loss of elasticity and gloss of the nail;
- thickening of the nail plate;
- brittleness, brittleness or friability of the nail plate both near the edge and over the entire surface;
- scaly structure and distortion of shape;
- nail cutting into the skin;
- presence of a white or yellow circle under the nail, which may be dim or bright, with a turbid structure or contoured edges;it depends on the variety of the fungus;
- appearance of unpleasant odor and exfoliation from the nail bed, this process is called "onycholysis" and is the last stage before the loss of the nail;
- skin of the legs becomes dry and cracking, possibly the appearance of a rash, and in some cases even a syphilis or blood.
If one or more of the above symptoms is detected, you should contact your dermatologist to confirm the diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate type of therapy.
Therapy for fungal diseases
After the examination and confirmation of the diagnosis, the doctor decides on the selection of the necessary remedies for treatment. This takes into account the area affected by the fungus, its shape and degree of prevalence, the age of the patient and the possible presence of concomitant diseases.
Mushroom mycosis at the beginning of its appearance can be conquered using only external means in the form of special ointments, gels, creams and sprays. More advanced stages require additional medication for internal use.
In addition, it is possible to use the so-called folk methods of treatment, for example, it can be a foot bath with soda and so on.
Let's take a closer look at each of the components of general therapy. They will help to prove that completely curing mycosis of nails and feet is a very real task. And the main thing in this matter is to approach him with all responsibility.
Varnishes and oils
At the initial stage of the disease "mycosis of the nails on the legs" treatment can consist solely of the means for external use. For example, it can be special medicinal oils and varnishes. They must be applied daily on a clean nail. The old layer of the tool must first be erased.
Useful properties of varnishes are that they improve the condition of the nail, soon give it a healthier appearance and destroy the unpleasant odor.
In the pharmacy, such preparations can be found under the names "Nogtein", "Cyclopyrox", "Nogtivit", "Vicks".
Drugs with urea
In order to defeat mushroom mycosis, a variety of urea-based agents can also be used. They are released in the form of ointments, lotions, creams. It is only important to consider that such drugs should not be used alone, but in combination with oral medications. This is due to the fact that they do not relieve the disease, but are used to prevent the emergence of a variety of forms of fungi( Candida).
As an example, such well-known tools as Exoderyl, Mycosan, Dimethylphthalate, Nizoral, Loceril, Exifin
Keratolytic plasters and ointments
What other drugs will help get rid of such trouble, as a mycosis of the nails on the legs? The treatment can include the use of special keratolytic ointments and patches, which help to soften the affected nail, so that it can be painlessly removed from the nail bed
As a keratolytic component, modern patches contain salicylic acid or urea. In some cases, their composition may include local antifungal( for example, ketoconazole) or antiseptic agents( iodine, quinazole).
The method of applying the keratolytic patch is very simple. To begin with, it must be applied to the surface of the affected nail. Next, seal with adhesive plaster and bandage. This bandage should be worn on the leg for 2-3 days, then remove it, remove the affected areas of the nail and repeat the procedure.
This method of treatment of fungus can take up to 9-12 months.
An example of such a tool can be considered a special set of "Mycosorp".It consists of a patch, a nail scraper and ointment, which has keratolytic and antifungal action.
To treat the disease in more severe stages, special pills have been developed from mycosis of the nail of the legs. They strengthen the body's resistance to fungal infections.
How in this case is the treatment of mycosis of the nails on the legs? Drugs of this kind can be prescribed exclusively by a doctor after the final confirmation of the diagnosis - this is the first of the most important moments.
The next thing I would like to draw attention to: during treatment with antifungal agents it is desirable to limit the intake of other medications. Only life-saving drugs can be an exception.
The most effective and safe method of treating fungus using tablets is modern dermatologists consider pulse therapy. It involves the use of the drug at long intervals. For example, such a system is possible: a week of reception, then three weeks of a break and so on. In this case, a full course of treatment is designed for 3 months, and the drug will be valid for about one year.
Tablets from a fungus, as a rule, need to take a long period of time, during which the patient must constantly be registered with a dermatologist. It is obligatory to visit and control inspections, which are carried out at regular intervals every two weeks, and then once a month.
Purification with iodine
Folk remedies for mycosis of nails differ in their variety. The first will consider cleaning the nails with iodine. Judging by the recall, this method is characterized by a rather high efficiency.
On the nail plate and the skin around it, iodine solution should be applied twice a day. With the help of it, the nail is disinfected and active spores are killed at the same time. Only it is important to consider that iodine dries the skin and nails, so they need to give time for rest. For example, you can repeat the procedure for a week, then take a break for a few days.
Many people know about the beneficial properties of garlic. It turns out that he is also an excellent assistant in the fight against mycosis. Garlic has a disinfectant effect and kills bacteria.
How to treat fungus with this product? You need to peel and grate a clove of garlic. The resulting gruel is applied to the damaged nail, bandaged and left for the whole night. In the morning, rinse with water. The procedure must be repeated daily until the condition improves.
Foot bath with soda
To prepare the tray, mix three tablespoons of soda with a liquid antibacterial soap and dilute in seven liters of warm water.
In the resulting solution, you need to keep your feet for a few minutes, then pat them with a paper napkin and remove the affected areas of the nail with the help of nippers, nail scissors or nail files. Repeat the procedure twice a week. The course of treatment will be approximately 2-3 months.
For the preparation of the solution, it is necessary to dilute about 200 ml of vinegar in a cool water basin. Twice a day you need to wipe the feet with the mixture, it is important to apply it not only to problem areas, but also the skin around them.
In addition to treating the fungus, this method will help get rid of excessive sweating and unpleasant odor.
Compress with vinegar
To prepare the product you need to mix a glass of vinegar, 100 grams of butter and one egg. The resulting gruel is left overnight in the refrigerator. In the morning it can be used for compresses to the damaged places.
The plant has become famous for its ability to get rid of warts. But, it turns out, it "knows" and how to treat the fungus.
It is necessary to crack the celandine leaf. At the site of scrap, a reddish or yellow liquid will appear, which needs to be lubricated by the damaged nails.
It is impossible to apply this method every day, therefore, after a week of treatment it is important to take breaks, lasting from 3 to 5 days. In addition, it is important to check yourself in advance for allergies to avoid possible negative consequences.
As you can see, there is nothing pleasant in this phenomenon, like mycosis of nails on my legs. Treatment usually takes a fairly long period of time, and the likelihood of a remission remains high. Therefore in the future it is worth sticking to simple preventive measures that will help to avoid such a problem.
First, it is necessary to limit the intake of antibiotics. They are able to kill not only pathogenic, but also beneficial bacteria, resulting in reduced overall and local immunity. The organism in such a situation becomes more susceptible to spores and fungi.
Secondly, in no case can you use other people's things. It is important to carefully monitor your shoes - it should be dry and not tight.
The third point concerns people who often visit saunas, swimming pools, gyms, baths. They recommend the prophylactic use of antifungal sprays, creams, ointments and so on.
Finally, I would like to sum up a little. So, treatment of a fungus can include application of simultaneously several kinds of therapy. If in some situations there are enough local drugs, others provide for their combination by oral means against mycosis.
Folk methods of fighting the disease are quite effective. However, their use is possible only as an auxiliary component in the main therapy.
It is very important to adhere to all the recommendations of a dermatologist and to use exactly the drugs that he has prescribed. At the same time, it is necessary to follow absolutely all of its instructions, so that the treatment carried out would bring the expected result.
Do not self-medicate and stay healthy!