Plastic cheekbones. Varieties of plastic surgery on the cheekbones
Under the influence of age-related changes, birth defects or injuries, the skin in the cheek or cheekbones begins to sag. This gives the person not quite aesthetic appearance. To solve this problem, plastic cheekbones are used to correct the changes.
Indications for correction
The main indications for plasty of the cheekbones are as follows:
- weakly defined contour;
- too wide or prominent cheekbones;
- violation of the proportions of the face;
- hollow or thick cheeks;
- injury or defects;
- omission of the face oval;
- age-related contour changes.
Such plastic is recommended to do to patients with realistic ideas about their own appearance, which understand what the result is to be expected. The best effect in the operation is observed in people with a narrow face oval, as in patients with a wide oval, even after the operation, it will remain wide.
Preoperative preparation of
Before the correction of the cheekbone, the patient must necessarily consult a surgeon and an anesthesiologist. Doctors will be able to assess the expected result, because computer based modeling is carried out on the basis of examination and X-rays. In addition, the patient must:
- undergo laboratory and instrumental examination;
- to take medication prescribed by the doctor;
- to quit smoking and alcohol abuse.
In addition, you must definitely refuse to take some medications that increase the risk of bleeding.
Basic techniques of
There are several different techniques for the plasty of the cheekbones, with which you can both increase and decrease the amount of bone tissue. Let us consider them in more detail. Reduction can be achieved by cutting the bone tissue or moving a certain part of the zygomatic bone. The increase is carried out by:
- introducing special fillers;
- by reposition or osteotomy of the zygomatic arch;
- by the introduction of implants.
During the operation, the access can be overshoot or external. In the latter case, the incision is made near the ear or eye. Patients prefer preoperational access, since scars are not visible after surgery. However, such a method is very dangerous for the possibility of infection.
Contour plasty of cheekbones is a method of injecting the required region with special gels that have a dense consistency. They are injected into the deepest layers of the skin. The procedure is carried out by using innovative tools designed for volumetric modeling.
Plasticity of the cheekbone fillers implies that, after the administration of these agents, collagen fibers are produced under the skin, as well as elastin, which makes the skin more smooth and elastic. By conducting a similar procedure, it is possible to model the shape of the cheekbones, reduce the severity of the nasolacrimal fissure, and inflate the cheekbones.
It is worth considering a few nuances. The increase in the cheekbones with hyaluronic acid is indicated for patients under the age of 30 years, and preparations based on calcium hydroxyapatite are used to conduct contour plasty of the cheekbones in patients after 35 years of age. This is due to the fact that the gel has a higher density in relation to other types of filler, which provides a lasting result and reduces the likelihood of an asymmetric face. Such funds ensure the preservation of the result for 1.5-2 years. Fillers with a low level of density are introduced only into the upper layers of the dermis. Therefore, the result remains for only 6-8 months.
Lipolyfting is a procedure for increasing the volume of cheekbones by using injections consisting of material taken from the patient himself. As with contour plasty, this method does not leave scars, scars. In addition, there will not be a difficult period of rehabilitation. Lipolyfting is very easily tolerated by the body and often refers to the concomitant procedures when performing a rejuvenating plastic surgery.
Fat for injection is taken from certain parts of the body, which include the thighs, buttocks and abdomen. After collection of the material, it is cleaned and injected into the required areas of the face. Thus, an increase in the number of cheekbones and cheeks is carried out, and also the modeling of the face oval is performed.
The procedure for correcting the cheekbones takes about 1 hour, and the maximum effect becomes noticeable after 1-3 months, depending on the state of the immune system and the speed of recovery of the patient's tissues. The effect of lipolifting continues for 3 years.
It should be noted that this method has certain drawbacks, since fat cells can not fully settle down at the injection sites. Depending on the amount of material used, the patient may need to be corrected after a while.
Many people are interested in how the plasticity of the cheekbones is made, and what methods are used for this. In addition to injecting, there are also surgical methods that are shown to patients with significant deformity or severe asymmetry, accompanied by sagging of soft tissues and the presence of excess fat in the cheek area.
Compared with injection procedures, surgical techniques are more traumatic, have a long rehabilitation period and often require the patient to stay in the hospital. However, with all the recommendations of the doctor, the effect persists for 10-15 years. Surgical techniques are divided into several types, namely:
- endoscopic plastic cheekbones;
- removal of the lumps of Bish.
Endoscopic method refers to low-traumatic operations and is aimed at tightening soft tissues, as well as correction of the zygomatic area, by using special plates. The doctor enters these plates under the human skin through small incisions performed in the region of the temples. To achieve a better result, the operation is combined with the administration of a subcutaneous special gel that increases the volume of the cheekbones and corrects the oval of the face.
Mandibuloplasty involves the installation of special zygomatic implants that help to change the volume and shape. Such an operation is performed with a mild bone or to eliminate asymmetry after trauma. Surgical intervention is performed under general anesthesia. The doctor installs the implant under the muscles through the incision of the inner side of the cheek, fixes it with threads and applies a seam to the wound. The rehabilitation period lasts six months, and the result is preserved for life.
Removal of the lumps of Bisha is a low-traumatic operation to remove excess fat in the area of the cheeks to correct the face oval. Surgical intervention is performed using endoscopic equipment through a small incision in the mouth. The surgeon extracts excess fat and applies seams to the wound.
After a surgical procedure, the recovery takes approximately 6 months. During the early postoperative phase, the patient remains in the hospital, and if he goes home, someone must accompany him. In the early days, antibacterial drugs and analgesics are prescribed to eliminate painful sensations. With severe pain, you can apply ice to your face. During this period it is allowed to consume only soft and liquid foods that do not require chewing.
During the week, there will be some discomfort during cleaning your teeth. In addition, you also need to rinse your mouth with antiseptics. It is forbidden to smoke and consume alcoholic beverages.
Possible complications of
Complications are divided into general, that is, arising with any kind of surgical intervention, and specific, specific only for this procedure. General means postoperative bleeding, scar formation, tissue infection, allergic reactions.
Specific complications include:
- defect or displacement of the zygomatic bone;
- sagging face;
- damage to the facial nerve;
- violation of the movements of the mouth.
In addition, among the complications need to highlight the lack of the required result of the operation.
There are both indications and contraindications for carrying out this type of surgical intervention. The main ones include:
- pathology of the respiratory system;
- heart disease, kidney and liver;
- malignant tumors;
- poor blood clotting;
- local infections and pustules;
- mental disorders.
It is worth remembering that for each type of correction there are certain contraindications, so everything is agreed with the treating doctor individually.
The cost of correction
How much is the plasticity of the cheekbones, many patients are interested, wishing to perform this type of correction. The price of the procedure depends on its kind. Correction of soft tissues and blepharoplasty costs about 10 thousand rubles, and the cost of lipoflation is 9 thousand rubles.
Surgical method is more expensive, for example, the price of the endoscopic method is 40-53 thousand rubles.(700-900 dollars), mandibuloplasty - 59-89 thousand rubles.(1000-1500 dollars), and the cost of removing the lumps of Bisha - about 30 thousand rubles( 500 dollars).